Nepal Database & Alisha Dahal Nepal Database & Alisha Dahal en Copyright 2022 Nepal Database & All Rights Reserved. Every thing that you must know before travelling to Nepal & Essential Safety , Advice and Travel Tips Introduction

Nepal, a country known for its breathtaking landscapes and rich cultural heritage, attracts travelers from around the world. While Nepal offers incredible experiences, it's important to prioritize safety during your visit. This article provides valuable safety and travel tips to ensure a smooth and enjoyable journey through Nepal.

1. Research and Planning:

Before traveling to Nepal, thorough research and careful planning are essential:

  • Understand the local customs, traditions, and cultural norms.
  • Research the weather conditions and pack accordingly.
  • Check visa requirements and ensure your passport is valid for at least six months beyond your intended stay.
  • Familiarize yourself with popular tourist destinations and attractions.

2. Safety Precautions:

To ensure your safety while traveling in Nepal, consider the following precautions:

  • Register with your embassy or consulate upon arrival.
  • Share your itinerary and contact details with a trusted person back home.
  • Avoid displaying valuable items or excessive amounts of cash.
  • Be cautious in crowded places to prevent pickpocketing.
  • Stay in well-lit areas and trusted accommodations.

3. Health and Hygiene:

To maintain good health and hygiene during your trip to Nepal:

  • Consult with a healthcare professional regarding necessary vaccinations.
  • Drink bottled or purified water to avoid waterborne diseases.
  • Practice proper hand hygiene by washing hands frequently or using hand sanitizer.
  • Carry a basic first aid kit with essential medications.

4. Respecting Local Customs and Culture

To respect the local customs and culture of Nepal:

  • Dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites.
  • Remove your shoes before entering temples, monasteries, or private homes.
  • Seek permission before taking photographs of people, religious sites, or ceremonies.
  • Use your right hand for giving and receiving objects, as the left hand is considered unclean.

5. Transportation and Navigation:

To ensure safe transportation and navigation within Nepal:

  • Use registered taxis or reputable transportation services.
  • Negotiate fares before boarding a taxi or hiring a vehicle.
  • Be cautious when crossing roads, as traffic can be chaotic.
  • Use reliable navigation apps or carry a local map for guidance.

6. Outdoor Activities and Trekking:

If you plan to engage in outdoor activities or trekking in Nepal, keep these tips in mind:

  • Choose reputable trekking agencies with experienced guides.
  • Acclimatize properly at higher altitudes to avoid altitude sickness.
  • Pack appropriate clothing and gear for the trekking conditions.
  • Follow the instructions and guidelines of your trekking guide.

7. Solo Travel Tips:

For solo travelers in Nepal, consider the following tips:

  • Inform someone about your daily itinerary and expected return time.
  • Stay in well-populated areas and trusted accommodations.
  • Avoid isolated or poorly lit areas, especially at night.
  • Trust your instincts and be cautious when interacting with strangers.

8. Communication and Connectivity:

To stay connected and communicates effectively while in Nepal:

  • Purchase a local SIM card for affordable and convenient communication.
  • Familiarize yourself with emergency contact numbers.
  • Learn basic greetings and phrases in Nepali for easier communication with locals.

9. Money and Currency

Manage your money and currency in Nepal with these tips:

  • Carry a mix of cash and cards for different situations.
  • Exchange currency at authorized money exchange counters or banks.
  • Inform your bank about your travel plans to avoid any issues with card transactions.
  • Keep small denominations for daily expenses and tips.

10. Emergency Preparedness:

To be prepared for emergencies while traveling in Nepal:

  • Keep a copy of your passport, travel insurance, and important contact numbers in a safe place.
  • Research the location of the nearest hospital or medical facility.
  • Familiarize yourself with emergency evacuation procedures in case of natural disasters or emergencies.

Some other things to pack:

  1. Clothing and Footwear:

    Packing appropriate clothing is crucial to handle Nepal's varying weather conditions. Consider the following items:

    • Lightweight and breathable clothing for warmer regions
    • Layered clothing for cooler regions and higher altitudes
    • Waterproof and windproof jacket
    • Sturdy hiking boots or trekking shoes
    • Comfortable walking shoes or sandals for daily use
    • Hat or cap for sun protection
    • Warm hat and gloves for colder regions or high-altitude treks
  2. Weather-Specific Gear:

    Depending on the time of your visit and planned activities, consider the following weather-specific gear:

    • Warm thermal layers for winter months or high-altitude treks
    • Rain jacket and waterproof pants for monsoon season
    • Sunscreen with a high SPF rating
    • Sunglasses with UV protection
    • Insect repellent for outdoor activities
    • Microfiber towel for quick drying
  3. Personal Hygiene and Medications:

    Pack the following personal hygiene items and medications to ensure a comfortable trip:

    • Toiletries (toothbrush, toothpaste, shampoo, soap, etc.)
    • Prescription medications and a small first aid kit
    • Hand sanitizer and wet wipes
    • Basic over-the-counter medications (pain relievers, anti-diarrheal, etc.)
    • Reusable water bottles and water purification tablets or filter
  4. Electronics and Communication:

    Stay connected and capture memories with the following electronics:

    • Smartphone or camera for capturing photos and videos
    • Portable power bank for charging devices on the go
    • Universal power adapter for charging electronics
    • Headphones for entertainment during long journeys
  5. Travel Accessories:

    Pack these essential travel accessories for added convenience:

    • Lightweight daypack for day trips and hikes
    • Money belt or pouch for storing valuables
    • Travel pillow and eye mask for long flights or bus rides
    • Travel locks for securing your luggage
    • Portable umbrella or rain poncho


By following these safety and travel tips, you can ensure a safe and memorable journey through Nepal. Respecting local customs, prioritizing personal safety, and staying prepared for emergencies will contribute to a positive travel experience. Enjoy the natural beauty, cultural heritage, and warm hospitality that Nepal has to offer.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Is Nepal safe for travelers?

    Yes, Nepal is generally safe for travelers. However, it's important to take common-sense precautions, be aware of your surroundings, and follow local laws and customs.
  2. Do I need travel insurance for Nepal?

    Travel insurance is highly recommended when visiting Nepal. It provides coverage for medical emergencies, trip cancellations, and unforeseen events.
  3. Are vaccinations required before traveling to Nepal?

    It is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional regarding recommended vaccinations for Nepal. Common vaccinations include those for hepatitis A and B, typhoid, and tetanus.
  4. Can I drink tap water in Nepal?

    It is generally recommended to drink bottled or purified water in Nepal to avoid waterborne diseases. You can find bottled water readily available in most places.
  5. Are there any specific customs or cultural practices I should be aware of in Nepal?

    Yes, Nepal has unique customs and cultural practices. It is important to dress modestly, remove your shoes before entering religious sites or homes, and show respect for local traditions and beliefs.

Fri, 14 Jul 2023 08:48:36 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Budget&Friendly Nepal Travel: Must&Visit Destinations, Affordable Accommodation Introduction:

Are you a travel enthusiast looking for an adventurous yet budget-friendly destination? Look no further than Nepal! Nestled in the heart of the majestic Himalayas, Nepal offers a plethora of breathtaking landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and thrilling outdoor activities, all at an affordable cost. In this budget travel guide to Nepal, we will explore the must-visit destinations, affordable accommodation options, local transportation, and delicious yet inexpensive food choices, and provide valuable tips to make your trip to Nepal both memorable and easy in your pocket.

Must-Visit Destinations in Nepal:

  1. Kathmandu Valley: Exploring the Historic Capital

The vibrant capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu, is a treasure trove of ancient temples, palaces, and historic landmarks. Explore the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Durbar Square, Swayambhunath Stupa, and Pashupatinath Temple. Immerse yourself in the cultural heritage of Nepal by visiting the museums and art galleries. Don't miss the bustling streets of Thamel, where you can find affordable accommodations, local handicrafts, and delicious street food.

  1. Pokhara: The Gateway to Adventure

Nestled beside the tranquil Phewa Lake and surrounded by snow-capped mountains, Pokhara is a paradise for adventure seekers. Embark on a thrilling paragliding experience or go boating on the serene lake. Enjoy panoramic views of the Annapurna range from the Sarangkot viewpoint. Explore the mystical Mahendra Cave and the mesmerizing Devi's fall. Pokhara offers a wide range of budget-friendly accommodations, from lakeside guesthouses to cozy lodges.

  1. Chitwan National Park: Wildlife and Nature at its Best

For nature enthusiasts, a visit to Chitwan National Park is a must. Embark on an exciting jungle safari to spot rare species like Bengal tigers, one-horned rhinoceros, and various bird species. Take a canoe ride along the Rapti River and witness breathtaking sunsets amidst the wilderness. Budget-friendly guesthouses and lodges are available near the park entrance, ensuring a comfortable stay close to nature.

  1. Annapurna Circuit: Trekking in the Himalayas

If you're up for a challenging adventure, the Annapurna Circuit trek is an excellent choice. Traverse through picturesque mountain villages, lush valleys, and High Mountain passes, all while enjoying the stunning views of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri ranges. Numerous guesthouses and tea houses along the trekking route provide affordable accommodations, making them accessible to budget travelers.

Affordable Accommodation Options:

  1. Guesthouses and Homestays: Immersing in Nepali Hospitality

Experience the warm hospitality of the Nepali people by staying in guesthouses and homestays. These budget-friendly accommodations not only provide comfortable lodging but also offer an opportunity to immerse you in the local culture. Interact with the locals, savor traditional homemade meals, and gain a deeper understanding of the Nepali way of life.

  1. Budget Hotels and Lodges: Comfortable Stays within Your Means

Nepal offers a wide range of budget hotels and lodges that cater to the needs of budget travelers. These establishments provide clean and comfortable rooms at affordable prices. They are often conveniently located in popular tourist areas, allowing easy access to major attractions and transportation hubs.

  1. Camping: Sleeping Under the Stars

For adventurers seeking a unique experience, camping in the lap of nature is an excellent option. Nepal's breathtaking landscapes and serene mountains offer numerous camping spots where you can set up your tent and enjoy a peaceful night under the starry sky. However, ensure you follow the local regulations and guidelines for camping in protected areas.

Local Transportation:

  1. Buses: The Most Economical Mode of Travel

Buses are the most cost-effective way to travel within Nepal. They connect major cities, towns, and tourist destinations at affordable fares. Although the rides can be long and crowded, buses provide an opportunity to interact with the locals and soak in the scenic beauty of the country during your journey.

  1. Shared Taxis: Convenient and Affordable

Shared taxis, known as "micros" or "tempo," are a popular mode of transportation in Nepal. These small vehicles ply between shorter distances within cities and towns. Sharing a taxi with fellow travelers not only reduces the cost but also allows for a more personalized and convenient travel experience.

  1. Domestic Flights: Quick and Time-Saving

If you're short on time or prefer a faster mode of transportation, domestic flights are available to major tourist destinations. While air travel may be slightly more expensive than buses or taxis, it saves considerable time, especially when visiting remote areas or mountainous regions.

Delicious Yet Inexpensive Food Choices:

  1. Dal Bhat: The Staple Nepali Meal

Dal Bhat, a traditional Nepali meal, is a wholesome and budget-friendly option for travelers. It consists of steamed rice, lentil soup (dal), a variety of vegetable curries (tarkari), pickles, and papad. Dal Bhat is not only delicious but also provides the necessary energy for a day of exploration.

  1. Momos: Steamed Dumplings of Delight

Momos are a popular street food in Nepal and a favorite among both locals and tourists. These steamed dumplings filled with vegetables or meat are served with spicy dipping sauce. Momos are affordable, tasty, and widely available across the country.

  1. Street Food: Tantalizing Flavours on a Budget

Exploring the local street food scene in Nepal is a must for food lovers on a budget. Indulge in mouth-watering snacks like samosas, chatpate (spicy street snacks), and sekuwa (grilled meat skewers). The street food stalls offer a wide array of flavors, giving you a true taste of Nepal without breaking the bank.

Valuable Tips for Budget Travel in Nepal:

  1. Plan Your Trip during Off-peak Seasons:

To get the best deals on accommodations, flights, and tour packages, consider visiting Nepal during off-peak seasons. The months of April to June and September to November are ideal for budget travelers, as the weather is pleasant, and the tourist crowds are relatively low.

  1. Bargain and Negotiate for Better Deals:

Don't hesitate to negotiate prices when shopping for souvenirs, handicrafts, or even booking transportation. Bargaining is common in Nepal, and you can often secure better deals by being polite yet firm. Remember to do some research beforehand to have an idea of the fair prices for different items and services.

  1. Utilize Local Guides for Authentic Experiences:

Engaging the services of local guides can enhance your travel experience in Nepal. They have in-depth knowledge of the local culture, history, and hidden gems. Local guides can provide valuable insights and take you off the beaten path, ensuring a more authentic and immersive journey.


Nepal is a budget traveler's paradise, offering a unique blend of natural beauty, cultural heritage, and thrilling adventures. From exploring historic cities to trekking in the Himalayas, Nepal caters to every traveler's interests while keeping expenses in check. By following this budget travel guide, you can make the most of your trip to Nepal without compromising on experiences or breaking the bank.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Is Nepal safe for budget travelers?

    Yes, Nepal is generally safe for budget travelers. However, taking necessary precautions is always advisable, such as keeping your belongings secure and being aware of your surroundings.
  2. Are there any visa requirements for visiting Nepal?

    Yes, most visitors to Nepal require a visa. You can obtain a visa on arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu or apply for an e-visa before your trip.
  3. How much does a trekking permit in Nepal cost?

    The cost of trekking permits varies depending on the trekking region. The Annapurna and Everest regions have specific permit fees, which you can obtain from the respective authorities.
  4. What is the best time to visit Nepal for budget travelers?

    The best time to visit Nepal for budget travelers is during the off-peak seasons of April to June and September to November when the weather is pleasant, and the tourist crowds are relatively low.
  5. Can I find vegetarian food options in Nepal?

    Yes, Nepal offers a wide range of vegetarian food options. Traditional Nepali dishes like dal bhat, momos, and various vegetable curries are readily available and delicious.
Thu, 13 Jul 2023 10:11:29 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Skywalk Tower: Unforgettable Views & Cultural Splendor in Kathmandu The Skywalk Tower, situated in the bustling neighborhood of Kamaladi, Kathmandu, has garnered significant attention as a remarkable architectural wonder. This iconic structure recently opened its doors to the public on Ashad 15, 2080, according to the Nepali calendar. Constructed with an astonishing budget of 2 billion Nepalese rupees, the tower stands tall at 78 meters with 25 floors, offering visitors an unforgettable 360-degree view from its observation decks.

Construction and Opening Day:

The construction of the Skywalk Tower was an ambitious undertaking that captivated the attention of architects, engineers, and locals alike. The tower's design and construction took several years of meticulous planning and execution. It was officially inaugurated on Ashad 15, 2080, marking a significant milestone for Kamaladi and the city of Kathmandu.

Skywalk Tower's Impressive Height and Structure:

One cannot help but be awestruck by the sheer height and structural brilliance of the Skywalk Tower. Soaring to a height of 78 meters, it stands tall as one of Kathmandu's most prominent landmarks. The tower's sleek and modern design is a testament to architectural ingenuity, combining form and function seamlessly.

The Enchanting 360-Degree View from the Observation Decks:

At the heart of the Skywalk Tower's allure is its breathtaking 360-degree view, offering visitors a mesmerizing panorama of Kathmandu's skyline and the surrounding natural beauty. The observation decks, strategically located at various levels, provide unobstructed views of the city's iconic landmarks, lush hills, and the majestic Himalayan peaks in the distance. It is an experience that truly immerses visitors in the awe-inspiring beauty of Nepal.

Architectural Marvel and Design Features:

The Skywalk Tower is not only a sight to behold but also a feat of architectural excellence. Its contemporary design incorporates a harmonious blend of modern aesthetics and cultural elements, paying homage to Nepal's rich heritage. The tower's sleek lines, glass façade, and innovative structural features make it an architectural marvel that stands out amidst the city's landscape.

The Cultural and Touristic Significance of the Skywalk Tower:

The Skywalk Tower holds immense cultural and touristic significance for Kamaladi and Kathmandu as a whole. It serves as a hub for promoting Nepal's vibrant culture, art, and traditions. The tower hosts regular exhibitions, cultural events, and performances that showcase the country's artistic heritage, fostering cultural exchange and appreciation among visitors.

Facilities and Amenities for Visitors:

To ensure a memorable and comfortable visit, the Skywalk Tower offers a range of facilities and amenities. Visitors can indulge in a culinary journey at the tower's restaurants, which serve a variety of local and international cuisines. The tower also houses souvenir shops where visitors can find unique mementos and handicrafts. Additionally, modern restroom facilities, comfortable seating areas, and accessible pathways are provided for the convenience of all guests.

Skywalk Tower: A Symbol of Progress and Modernity:

The Skywalk Tower stands as a powerful symbol of progress and modernity in Kamaladi, Kathmandu. Its construction represents the city's evolution and aspirations for a vibrant future. The tower's presence has transformed the skyline, adding a touch of sophistication and grandeur to the urban landscape. It serves as a source of pride for the local community and a testament to their commitment to embracing contemporary architectural achievements.

Impact on the Local Economy:

The Skywalk Tower has had a significant positive impact on the local economy. Its emergence has created numerous employment opportunities across various sectors, including hospitality, retail, and tourism-related services. Local businesses have flourished, catering to the needs of the growing number of visitors and tourists drawn to the tower's allure. The increased economic activity has contributed to the overall development and prosperity of the area.

Maintenance and Preservation Efforts:

Ensuring the long-term preservation and maintenance of the Skywalk Tower is a top priority. Regular inspections, upkeep, and preservation efforts are undertaken to ensure the safety and structural integrity of the tower. Additionally, measures are in place to protect and preserve the tower's cultural and artistic elements, ensuring they remain intact for generations to come.

Visitor Experience: Reviews and Testimonials:

Visitors to the Skywalk Tower have consistently praised the extraordinary experience it offers. The panoramic views, architectural brilliance, and cultural exhibitions have left a lasting impression on all who have ventured to its heights. Reviews and testimonials often highlight the tower's captivating ambiance, friendly staff, and the opportunity to witness the breathtaking beauty of Kathmandu from a unique vantage point.

Skywalk Tower Events and Activities:

The Skywalk Tower has become a vibrant venue for various events and activities throughout the year. It hosts cultural festivals, art exhibitions, live performances, and educational workshops that enrich the visitor experience and provide a platform for local and international artists to showcase their talents. These events contribute to the tower's dynamic atmosphere, creating an engaging and memorable experience for visitors.

Comparison with Other Landmarks in Kathmandu:

While Kathmandu is home to several iconic landmarks, the Skywalk Tower stands out for its unique blend of modern architecture, cultural significance, and panoramic views. It is often compared to other renowned structures worldwide, with its design and allure rivaling that of famous towers and observation decks across the globe.

Environmental Sustainability Initiatives:

The Skywalk Tower places great emphasis on environmental sustainability. Initiatives are in place to minimize its ecological footprint through the use of renewable energy sources, efficient waste management systems, and eco-friendly practices. By integrating sustainability into its operations, the tower serves as a model for responsible development in Kathmandu.


The Skywalk Tower in Kamaladi, Kathmandu, has quickly become a captivating landmark that encapsulates the city's progress, architectural brilliance, and cultural richness. With its impressive height, stunning views, and commitment to sustainability, it provides visitors with an unforgettable experience. As a symbol of modernity and cultural preservation, the Skywalk Tower is a testament to Nepal's aspirations and its ability to blend tradition with contemporary achievements.

Frequently Asked Questions:

  1. Can I visit the Skywalk Tower as a tourist?

    Absolutely! The Skywalk Tower welcomes tourists and visitors from around the world. It offers a unique opportunity to experience the panoramic beauty of Kathmandu and immerse yourself in the city's vibrant culture.
  2. How much does it cost to visit the Skywalk Tower?

    The entry fee to the Skywalk Tower varies depending on age and nationality. The price per person is Rs. 1000/- and after paying the said fee one can spend half an hour in the Tower. Senior citizens above 80 years and children up to 3 feet in height are free to enter the tower and senior citizens between 70 to 80 years have a 50 percent discount. It is advisable to check the official website or inquire at the ticket counter for the latest pricing information.
  3. Are there any age restrictions for visiting the Skywalk Tower?

    There are no specific age restrictions for visiting the Skywalk Tower. Visitors of all ages can enjoy the breathtaking views and explore the facilities and amenities available.
  4. Can I take photographs from the observation decks?

    Certainly! The observation decks of the Skywalk Tower offer magnificent photo opportunities. Visitors are encouraged to capture the stunning views and create lasting memories.
  5. Are there guided tours available at the Skywalk Tower?

    Yes, guided tours are available for visitors who want to learn more about the tower's history, architecture, and cultural significance. These tours provide a deeper insight into the Skywalk Tower's allure and enrich the visitor experience.
Sun, 09 Jul 2023 11:40:35 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Remittance in Nepal: Transforming Lives and Driving Growth Remittance plays a vital role in Nepal's economy, transforming lives and driving economic growth. As Nepalese individuals work abroad and send money back home, the inflow of remittances contributes significantly to the country's development. This article explores the phenomenon of remittance in Nepal, its economic impact, challenges, and ways to harness its potential for sustainable development.

Remittance and its Significance:

In Nepal, remittance refers to the transfer of money or resources by Nepalese individuals working overseas to their families ands communities in Nepal. Remittance inflows are crucial for the country's economic development, as they provide additional financial resources that support households, improve living standards, and reduce poverty levels.

Factors Driving Remittance Inflows:

Several factors drive the growth of remittance inflows in Nepal. Economic opportunities abroad, such as job prospects and higher wages, act as primary motivations for Nepalese individuals to seek employment in foreign countries. The promise of a better income and the chance to support their families back home are strong incentives for migration. Additionally, social and cultural factors, including family obligations and community expectations, influence the decision to work abroad and send remittances.

Patterns and Trends of Remittance Flows:

Analyzing the patterns and trends of remittance flows provides valuable insights into the dynamics of Nepal's remittance landscape. Over the years, remittance inflows have shown a steady increase, contributing significantly to the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Understanding these patterns helps policymakers and economists formulate effective strategies to maximize the benefits of remittances and mitigate any potential risks.

Remittance Outflows: The Other Side of the Coin:

While remittance inflows receive significant attention, it is equally important to consider outward remittances from Nepal. Outward remittance refers to the money sent by Nepalese individuals or businesses to foreign countries. This outflow of funds can be for various purposes, such as education, medical treatment, travel, or investment. Understanding the dynamics of outward remittances provides insights into the financial behavior and preferences of Nepalese individuals and their impact on the global economy.

The Role of Technology in Remittance:

Technology has revolutionized the remittance landscape in Nepal. The advent of digital platforms, mobile banking, and mobile money services has made remittance transactions faster, more convenient, and cost-effective. These technological advancements have not only improved access to financial services but also expanded financial inclusion, particularly among the unbanked population. Embracing and leveraging technology in remittance services can further enhance efficiency, reduce costs, and facilitate financial empowerment for remittance recipients.

Economic Impact of Remittance:

Remittance acts as a lifeline for many households in Nepal. Remittance is a vital economic pillar in Nepal, contributing significantly to GDP and providing a stable income source for households.  It serves as a critical source of income, enabling families to meet their basic needs and invest in their future. The inflow of remittances leads to improved living standards, reduced poverty levels, and increased access to healthcare and education. Moreover, remittances stimulate domestic consumption, driving economic growth by creating demand for goods and services within the country.

Challenges and Concerns:

While remittance brings numerous benefits, it also presents challenges and concerns. Dependency on remittance inflows can lead to long-term economic vulnerabilities, as the country becomes reliant on external sources of income. There is a need for effective policies and programs to ensure that remittances are harnessed optimally for sustainable development. Balancing the reliance on remittance with other sectors of the economy is crucial for long-term growth.

Harnessing Remittance for Development:

To maximize the impact of remittance on Nepal's development, it is essential to encourage the productive investment of remittances. Promoting entrepreneurship and small-scale industries can create job opportunities and generate income within the country. Enhancing financial literacy among remittance-receiving households can empower them to make informed financial decisions, save, and invest in productive ventures.

Remittance and Social Transformation:

Remittance has far-reaching effects on social dynamics and cultural changes in Nepal. The empowerment of women through remittance management is a significant outcome, as they gain increased financial independence and decision-making power within their families and communities. Furthermore, remittance inflows contribute to advancements in education and healthcare, as families can afford better educational opportunities and improved healthcare services.

Ensuring Sustainable Remittance:

To ensure the sustainability of remittance inflows, reducing transaction costs and improving financial services are crucial. Lowering the fees associated with remittance transfers encourages more funds to reach the intended recipients. Strengthening legal frameworks to protect the rights of migrant workers is vital for their well-being and contributes to sustainable remittance practices. Collaboration between the government, financial institutions, and international organizations is essential to create an enabling environment for remittance flows.

Future Outlook and Projections:

As the remittance sector in Nepal continues to evolve, it is essential to consider the future outlook and projections. Factors such as geopolitical developments, technological advancements, changes in migration patterns, and global economic trends will shape the remittance landscape. Understanding these dynamics can help stakeholders prepare for potential opportunities and challenges, devise appropriate policies, and build a resilient remittance ecosystem that benefits Nepal's economy and its people.


In conclusion, remittance plays a pivotal role in empowering lives and driving economic growth in Nepal. The inflow of remittances improves living standards, reduces poverty, and stimulates domestic consumption. However, it is crucial to balance the reliance on remittance with other sectors of the economy and develop sustainable strategies for long-term development. By harnessing the potential of remittance, Nepal can create a brighter future for its people.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. How does remittance impact Nepal's economy?

    Remittance plays a crucial role in improving living standards, reducing poverty, and stimulating domestic consumption, thereby contributing to economic growth.
  2. What are the challenges associated with remittance in Nepal?

    Nepal faces challenges such as over-dependency on remittance, potential brain drain, and the need for effective policies to ensure sustainable development.
  3. How can remittance be utilized for productive investment?

    Encouraging entrepreneurship, promoting small-scale industries, and enhancing financial literacy are key strategies to utilize remittance for productive investments.
  4. How does remittance empower women in Nepal?

    Remittance provides women with increased financial independence and decision-making power, enabling them to contribute to their families and communities positively.
  5. What steps are being taken to reduce transaction costs and protect migrant workers' rights?

    The government, financial institutions, and international organizations are collaborating to improve financial services, reduce remittance transfer costs, and strengthen legal frameworks to protect migrant
Sat, 08 Jul 2023 20:57:34 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Birupakshe: The Sacred Legend of Devotion and Miracles Unveiled Birupakshya, also known as Kirateswor Mahadev, is revered as the sacred deity of the Kirat people, who reside in Kathmandu. This deity was erected by the Kirati kings of ancient Nepal and is believed to be an ancestor figure. It is important to note that the Kirat people are diverse, resulting in variations in their beliefs and deities. Interestingly, Birupakshya is also worshipped in South India, where he is known as Virupaksha, although a citation is required to validate this claim.

An idol of Virupaksha can be found on the eastern side of the Pashupatinath Temple, situated on the right bank of the Bagmati River. The Virupaksha statue is partially submerged in the ground, with one half below the surface and the other half visible above. It is believed that the statue is gradually emerging, and there is a belief that if it fully emerges, the world will be destroyed. Consequently, Virupaksha is also referred to as Kali, as his complete emergence signifies the end of the Kali Yuga.

The Mythical Origins of Birupakshe:

In the mystical realm of Pashupatinath, there exists a fascinating legend surrounding the mythical origins of Birupakshe. According to ancient tales passed down through generations, Birupakshe was believed to be born from the cosmic energies that converged at the sacred grounds of the temple. The stories speak of a celestial union between Lord Shiva, the divine deity of Pashupatinath, and Goddess Parvati. Their love and cosmic energy manifested into a divine being known as Birupakshe, blessed with extraordinary powers and a sacred purpose.

In another story, there was a child named Virupaksha from a poor family who embarked on a quest to find his missing father. After years of searching, he took shelter in a cave where he encountered a lady, unaware that she was his mother. They had a sexual relationship, and it is believed that this event marked the beginning of the Kali Yuga. Overwhelmed by guilt, Virupaksha visited the Pashupatinath temple, where he encountered Lord Shiva preparing an intoxicating substance. Shiva instructed him to open a hot vessel, resulting in Virupaksha's face being burnt and turning black, earning him the name Kurup. He cursed Shiva and sought solace with Buddha, who gave him a garland and instructed him to chant until it withered. Despite his efforts, the garland did not wilt, leading Virupaksha to return home in frustration. On his way, he witnessed a boy diligently scratching an iron rod to create a needle. Inspired, Virupaksha resumed his meditation. However, when people discovered him chanting with Buddha's garland on the premises of Pashupati, they buried him due to his previous insult to Shiva. It is believed that Virupaksha will seek vengeance upon humanity when he is eventually freed from the ground.

Birupakshe's Divine Connection to Pashupatinath:

Birupakshe's journey was intricately intertwined with Pashupatinath as if his existence was destined to serve the temple and its devotees. From a young age, Birupakshe exhibited an innate connection to the divine energies that resided within the temple precincts. It is said that Birupakshe could communicate with Lord Shiva himself, receiving divine guidance and blessings. This sacred connection fueled his unwavering devotion and inspired him to dedicate his life to the service of Pashupatinath and its worshippers.

Birupakshe's Journey of Devotion:

Birupakshe embarked on a remarkable journey of devotion, navigating the realms of spirituality and self-discovery. Leaving behind the comforts of worldly life, he embraced a path of renunciation, choosing to live a life of simplicity and sacrifice. With a heart full of love for Lord Shiva and a burning desire to serve, Birupakshe immersed himself in rigorous spiritual practices, including meditation, prayer, and selfless service. His journey was marked by humility, discipline, and an unwavering commitment to his spiritual path.

Miracles and Powers of Birupakshe:

Throughout his life, Birupakshe performed countless miracles that left people awestruck. He possessed the ability to heal the sick, bring solace to the troubled, and uplift the spirits of those in despair. Devotees flocked to him seeking blessings and witnessing his divine interventions. It is said that Birupakshe had the power to transform negative energies into positive ones, bringing harmony and balance to those who sought his divine grace. His miracles were not mere illusions; they were manifestations of the divine energy that flowed through him.

Legacy and Significance of Birupakshe:

Birupakshe's legacy is etched into the hearts and minds of devotees who have been touched by his divine presence. His selfless acts of service and unwavering devotion continue to inspire generations, reminding us of the power of faith and the potential within each of us to connect with the divine. The significance of Birupakshe extends beyond the boundaries of Pashupatinath. His story transcends time and space, reminding us of the universal truths of love, devotion, and the transformative power of spirituality.

The Reverence for Birupakshe at Pashupatinath Temple:

At the sacred Pashupatinath Temple, Birupakshe is revered as a divine soul who embodied the essence of devotion and selflessness. Devotees from all walks of life visit the temple to pay homage to his spiritual presence and seek his blessings. Rituals and ceremonies dedicated to Birupakshe are conducted at the temple, where devotees offer prayers, light incense, and make offerings as a symbol of their reverence and gratitude for his divine grace.

The Inspiring Teachings of Birupakshe:

Birupakshe's life was not just a testament to his devotion; it was a source of profound wisdom and inspiration. His teachings emphasized the importance of love, compassion, and selflessness as the keys to spiritual growth and inner peace. He taught that true devotion lies not in rituals alone but in the purity of one's heart and the sincerity of one's actions. Birupakshe urged his followers to see the divine in every being and to serve others with humility and kindness.

Birupakshe: A Symbol of Devotion and Faith;

Birupakshe has become a symbol of unwavering devotion and faith, reminding us of the profound connection between the divine and the human. His life exemplifies the transformative power of spirituality and the potential for divine grace to manifest through a dedicated and sincere heart. Devotees of Birupakshe find solace and inspiration in his story, seeking his blessings to navigate the challenges of life with grace and courage. He stands as a guiding light, illuminating the path of devotion and reminding us of our inherent connection to the divine.


The story of Birupakshe is a captivating tale of devotion, miracles, and the enduring power of spirituality. His mythical origins, divine connection to Pashupatinath, and inspiring journey of selfless service continue to inspire and uplift the hearts of millions. As we reflect on the legacy of Birupakshe, let us embrace the lessons he taught us and strive to cultivate devotion, compassion, and faith in our own lives. May we find solace and inspiration in his divine presence, and may his blessings guide us on our spiritual journey.

Frequently Asked Questions:

  1. Who was Birupakshe?

Birupakshe was a revered spiritual figure who gained prominence due to his profound connection with the divine. He was believed to have been born from the cosmic energies at the sacred grounds of Pashupatinath. Birupakshe dedicated his life to serving the temple and its devotees, embodying the essence of devotion and selflessness.

  1. What were some of the miracles performed by Birupakshe?

Birupakshe was known to perform incredible miracles that left people in awe. He possessed the power to heal the sick, bring solace to the troubled, and uplift the spirits of those in despair. His divine interventions transformed negative energies into positive ones, fostering harmony and balance in the lives of those who sought his blessings.

  1. How can one connect with the divine energy associated with Birupakshe?

To connect with the divine energy associated with Birupakshe, one can engage in sincere devotion and spiritual practices. Meditating on his name or seeking his blessings through prayer can help establish a deeper connection. Embracing his teachings of love, compassion, and selflessness can also pave the way for a profound connection with the divine.

  1. What is the significance of Birupakshe's teachings in today's world?

Birupakshe's teachings hold immense significance in today's world, where love, compassion, and selflessness are greatly needed. His teachings remind us of the power of devotion, the importance of serving others, and the transformative potential of spirituality. By embracing these teachings, we can foster harmony, empathy, and kindness in our communities, creating a more compassionate and peaceful world.

  1. How can one pay homage to Birupakshe at Pashupatinath Temple?

At Pashupatinath Temple, devotees can pay homage to Birupakshe by visiting the temple and offering prayers and gratitude. Lighting incense, making offerings, and participating in rituals dedicated to Birupakshe are ways to show reverence. Additionally, one can strive to embody his teachings of love, compassion, and selflessness in daily life, honoring his legacy and spreading his message of divine grace.

Fri, 07 Jul 2023 11:41:00 +0545 Alisha Dahal
The Vibrant Newari Tradition: Festivals, Cuisine, Architecture, and More The Newari tradition, deeply rooted in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal, is a vibrant tapestry of culture, heritage, and community. With its rich history and unique practices, this ancient tradition continues to captivate people with its allure. In this article, we delve into the world of Newari tradition, exploring its festivals, rituals, cuisine, architecture, art, music, dance, and social structure. Join us on a journey to uncover the wonders of this cherished cultural heritage.

The Origins and Historical Significance of Newari Tradition:

The origins of the Newari tradition can be traced back to the ancient kingdoms that flourished in the Kathmandu Valley. The Newars, the indigenous inhabitants of the valley, developed a distinct culture and tradition that became deeply intertwined with their way of life. Over the centuries, the Newari tradition has played a pivotal role in shaping the region's history and identity.

Cultural Influences on Newari Tradition:

The Newari tradition is a fusion of various cultural influences. The region's strategic location along the trade routes between India, Tibet, and Central Asia has exposed the Newars to diverse cultural exchanges. Indian, Tibetan, and Central Asian influences have left indelible marks on Newari art, architecture, language, and religious practices. The Newari tradition also draws inspiration from the ancient philosophies of Hinduism, and  Buddhism.

Festivals and Rituals: 

The Newari tradition is renowned for its vibrant festivals and rituals. These celebrations provide a glimpse into the rich cultural tapestry of the community. Dashain, the biggest festival in Nepal, is marked by elaborate rituals and joyful gatherings. Other significant festivals include Bisket Jatra, Indra Jatra, and Machhindranath Jatra, each with its unique customs, music, dance, and religious ceremonies.

Newari Cuisine: 

Newari cuisine is a culinary treasure trove that tantalizes the taste buds with its unique flavors and textures. From the iconic Newari feast, "Samay Baji," to the famous "Chatamari" and "Yomari," Newari cuisine offers a delightful blend of spices, ingredients, and cooking techniques. With its diverse range of dishes and unique cooking techniques, Newari gastronomy is an integral part of the region's cultural heritage. Newari cuisine is a true reflection of the vibrant culture and heritage of the Kathmandu Valley. With its fusion of flavors, traditional cooking techniques, and festive feasts, it continues to enthrall both locals and visitors alike. Indulging in the gastronomic delights of Newari cuisine is an essential part of experiencing the rich tapestry of this unique culture. Exploring the diverse range of Newari delicacies is a gastronomic adventure that showcases the community's culinary artistry.

Architecture and Art: 

The architectural and artistic marvels of the Newari tradition are renowned worldwide. The exquisite temples, palaces, and courtyards of the Kathmandu Valley showcase the mastery of Newari craftsmen. The intricate wood carvings, stone sculptures, metalwork, and pottery reflect the community's dedication to preserving their artistic heritage. The Durbar Squares of Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Patan stand as testaments to the grandeur of Newari architecture.

Music, Dance, and Drama: Expressions of Newari Creativity:

Music, dance, and drama hold a special place in the heart of the Newari tradition. The traditional Newari music instruments like Dhime, Dha, and Bhairav make the rhythm of celebrations come alive. Classical and folk dances such as Lakhey dance, Devi dance, and Nava Nritya showcase the grace, storytelling, and cultural expressions of the community. Newari theater, known as "Pulu Kisi," combines music, dance, and drama to entertain and educate audiences.

Social Structure and Community Life: 

The Newari tradition places great emphasis on social structure and community life. The society is organized into "behalf" (neighborhood communities) and "guthis" (religious and social institutions). These institutions play a vital role in maintaining social harmony, preserving cultural practices, and organizing festivals and events. The close-knit community bonds foster a strong sense of belonging and mutual support among the Newars.

Preserving and Promoting Newari Tradition: Challenges and Initiatives:

While the Newari tradition continues to thrive, it faces challenges in the modern world. Rapid urbanization, globalization, and changing lifestyles pose threats to the preservation of this rich cultural heritage. However, there are numerous initiatives by individuals, organizations, and the government to safeguard and promote the Newari tradition. Efforts such as cultural festivals, heritage conservation projects, and educational programs aim to ensure the continuity and appreciation of the Newari culture.


The Newari tradition is a testament to the cultural vibrancy and artistic legacy of the Kathmandu Valley. Its festivals, rituals, cuisine, architecture, art, music, dance, and social structure weave together to form a rich tapestry that reflects the community's identity and values. As we embrace the wonders of the Newari tradition, let us appreciate and celebrate the heritage that has stood the test of time.

Frequently Asked Questions:

  1. What is the Newari tradition?

    The Newari tradition refers to the Newar community's cultural practices, rituals, and customs in Nepal's Kathmandu Valley.
  2. What are some famous Newari festivals?

    Some popular Newari festivals include Bisket Jatra, Indra Jatra, and Gai Jatra.
  3. What are some must-try dishes in Newari cuisine?

    Newari cuisine offers a range of delicious dishes, including Yomari, Choila, and Samay Baji.
  4. What are the architectural marvels in the Kathmandu Valley?

    The Kathmandu Valley is home to architectural marvels like Boudhanath Stupa, Pashupatinath Temple, and Durbar Squares in Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Patan.
  5. How is the Newari tradition adapting to modern challenges?

    The Newari tradition is adapting to modern challenges by embracing change, promoting cultural awareness, and finding ways to preserve their heritage in the face of globalization.
Wed, 05 Jul 2023 20:37:02 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Muktinath Temple: Nepal's Sacred Retreat in the Mustang District Nestled in the breathtaking Mustang district of Nepal, Muktinath Temple stands as a revered spiritual destination for both Hindus and Buddhists. Located at an altitude of 3,710 meters (12,172 feet), this sacred temple holds immense significance and attracts pilgrims from around the world. With its rich history, religious importance, and serene ambiance, Muktinath Temple continues to captivate the hearts and souls of devotees.

Historical Significance:


Muktinath Temple's origins can be traced back to ancient times According to Hindu mythology, the temple was established by the sage Shaligram, who enshrined a deity of Lord Vishnu within its sacred walls. It is believed to be one of the 108 Divya Desams, the holiest shrines dedicated to Lord Vishnu.

Hindu and Buddhist Connections:

Over the centuries, Muktinath Temple has evolved into a place of significance for both Hindus and Buddhists. The presence of a shrine dedicated to Chenrezig (Avalokiteshvara) in the temple complex adds a unique dimension, making it a harmonious blend of Hindu and Buddhist traditions.

Evolution over the centuries:

The temple's architecture and structure have undergone changes and renovations throughout history. Its cultural and spiritual significance has only grown with time, attracting pilgrims and travelers seeking solace and spiritual enlightenment.

Architectural Beauty:

Unique Temple Complex:

Muktinath Temple's architecture is a testament to the region's rich cultural heritage. The main temple features a distinctive pagoda-style design adorned with intricate woodwork and carvings. The temple complex comprises various other structures, including monasteries and shrines, showcasing a blend of traditional Nepali and Tibetan architectural styles.

Pagoda-style Architecture:

The pagoda-style architecture of Muktinath Temple is characterized by its multi-tiered roof, gracefully tapering upwards. This style is commonly seen in many Hindu and Buddhist temples across Nepal and reflects the region's religious and artistic traditions.

Symbolism in Design:

The architectural elements of Muktinath Temple hold symbolic significance. Intricate carvings depict mythological figures, celestial beings, and spiritual motifs, reflecting the temple's divine connection and inspiring a sense of awe and reverence among visitors.

Sacred Waters and Rituals:

The Mystical 108 Waterspouts:

One of the most remarkable features of Muktinath Temple is the presence of 108 waterspouts or "Muktidhara." These waterspouts are believed to originate from the sacred Gandaki River and represent the 108 sacred glasses of water of various holy rivers in India. Pilgrims often take ritual baths under these waterspouts, considering it a purifying experience for the body and soul.

Ritual Baths and Spiritual Cleansing:

The act of taking a ritual bath in the waters of Muktinath holds immense significance. It is believed to cleanse devotees of their sins, provide spiritual purification, and pave the way for spiritual liberation. Pilgrims immerse themselves in the sacred waters, seeking blessings and renewal of faith.

Connection to Hindu and Buddhist Beliefs:

The ritual of bathing in the sacred waters of Muktinath Temple is deeply rooted in both Hindu and Buddhist traditions. It represents the idea of washing away impurities, purifying one's soul, and attaining spiritual purity. This shared practice reinforces the unity and interfaith harmony at the temple.

Spiritual Liberation and Faith

Seeking Moksha at Muktinath Temple:

Muktinath Temple holds great significance for those seeking liberation from the cycle of birth and death. Devotees believe that by visiting the temple and performing religious rituals, they can attain "Moksha" or spiritual liberation. It is a place where they can connect with the divine and transcend worldly attachments.

The Role of Devotion and Faith:

Faith and devotion play a central role in the pilgrim's journey to Muktinath Temple. The arduous trek, the challenging terrain, and the altitude require determination and unwavering faith. Devotees embark on this spiritual pilgrimage with the belief that their prayers will be answered and their spiritual journey enriched.

Pilgrim Experiences and Testimonials:

Countless pilgrims have shared their transformative experiences at Muktinath Temple. They speak of a deep sense of peace, profound spiritual encounters, and a renewed connection with their inner selves. The temple's serene ambiance and the collective energy of devotion create an atmosphere conducive to introspection and self-discovery.

Festivals and Celebrations

Muktinath Jatra:

The Muktinath Jatra is an annual festival celebrated with great enthusiasm at the temple. Pilgrims from various parts of Nepal and beyond gather to participate in vibrant processions, religious ceremonies, and cultural performances. The festival is a celebration of faith, devotion, and community spirit.

Janai Purnima:

Janai Purnima is another significant festival observed at Muktinath Temple. Also known as Raksha Bandhan, this festival celebrates the bond between brothers and sisters. Devotees tie sacred threads (Janai) around their wrists and seek blessings from the divine, fostering love, and harmony among family members and communities.

Vibrant Cultural Gatherings:

Throughout the year, Muktinath Temple becomes a melting pot of diverse cultures and traditions. Pilgrims from different backgrounds come together to offer prayers, perform rituals, and share their cultural heritage. This vibrant convergence of people creates an atmosphere of unity, respect, and cultural exchange.

The Natural Beauty of Mustang

Enchanting Himalayan Scenery:

Muktinath Temple is situated in the captivating Mustang district, which is known for its awe-inspiring natural beauty. Surrounded by the mighty Himalayas, the temple offers panoramic views of snow-capped peaks, lush valleys, and cascading waterfalls. The mesmerizing landscape adds to the spiritual allure of the temple.

Trekking and Adventure Opportunities:

For adventure enthusiasts, Muktinath Temple serves as a gateway to various trekking routes and trails. The region offers exhilarating options like the Annapurna Circuit and the Thorong La Pass trek. Trekking through the picturesque Mustang region provides an opportunity to immerse oneself in the pristine wilderness and experience the rugged charm of the Himalayas.

Mustang's Unique Landscape:

Mustang is known for its arid desert-like terrain, contrasting the surrounding green valleys and forests. The region's unique geological formations, red cliffs, and cave dwellings add a sense of mystique and fascination. Exploring the rugged landscape of Mustang is an adventure in itself, offering glimpses into an ancient and untouched world.

Accessibility and Accommodation

Reaching Muktinath Temple:

Muktinath Temple can be reached by various means. The journey typically begins with a flight to Pokhara, followed by a drive to Jomsom. From Jomsom, a trek or a local mode of transportation takes pilgrims to the temple. It is advisable to plan the trip during favorable weather conditions and seek guidance from experienced trekking agencies.

Travel Tips and Precautions:

Visiting Muktinath Temple requires careful preparation and adherence to certain precautions. The high altitude demands acclimatization, and it is essential to carry proper trekking gear, clothing, and medication. It is advisable to consult with a medical professional before embarking on the journey.

Accommodation Options:

There are accommodation options available in the nearby villages of Ranipauwa and Jharkot. Guesthouses, lodges, and hotels provide pilgrims and travelers with comfortable resting places after a long day's journey. These accommodations offer basic amenities and a glimpse into the local culture and hospitality.

The Spiritual Essence of Muktinath

The Transformative Experience:

Visiting Muktinath Temple is more than just a physical journey; it is a transformative experience that touches the deepest realms of one's being. The temple's serene ambiance, sacred rituals, and the collective energy of devotion create an atmosphere where pilgrims can introspect, connect with their inner selves, and seek spiritual nourishment.

Serenity and Tranquillity:

Muktinath Temple's tranquil surroundings and the majestic Himalayan backdrop provide a serene environment for contemplation and meditation. Away from the chaos of urban life, the temple offers a peaceful retreat where one can find solace, practice mindfulness, and reconnect with nature.

A Place of Reflection and Renewal:

For many visitors, Muktinath Temple serves as a place of reflection and renewal. It offers a break from the routine of everyday life, allowing individuals to pause, introspect, and realign their priorities. The temple's spiritual essence inspires a sense of gratitude, compassion, and a renewed commitment to personal growth.

Muktinath Temple, nestled in the breathtaking Mustang district of Nepal, holds a special place in the hearts of pilgrims worldwide. Its rich history, cultural significance, and spiritual ambiance make it a revered destination for those seeking solace, spiritual liberation, and a deep connection with the divine. Muktinath Temple continues to captivate and inspire visitors from all walks of life, leaving an indelible mark on their spiritual journey. Whether seeking spiritual enlightenment or embarking on an adventure, Muktinath Temple offers a profound experience that leaves a lasting impression on the hearts and minds of all who visit.

Frequently Asked Questions:

  1. How can I reach Muktinath Temple?

    To reach Muktinath Temple, you can take a flight to Pokhara and then proceed to Jomsom by road. From Jomsom, you can either trek or use local transportation to reach the temple.
  2. What is the significance of the 108 waterspouts at Muktinath Temple?

    The 108 waterspouts at Muktinath Temple represent the 108 sacred glasses of water from various holy rivers in India. Pilgrims take ritual baths under these waterspouts, believing it purifies the body and soul.
  3. Can non-Hindus and non-Buddhists visit Muktinath Temple?

    Yes, Muktinath Temple welcomes visitors from all faiths and backgrounds. The temple promotes interfaith harmony and offers a spiritual experience to people of diverse beliefs.
  4. Are there accommodation options near Muktinath Temple?

    Yes, there are accommodation options available in the nearby villages of Ranipauwa and Jharkot. Guesthouses, lodges, and hotels provide comfortable resting places for pilgrims and travelers.
  5. What makes Muktinath Temple a unique pilgrimage site?

    Muktinath Temple stands out as a unique pilgrimage site due to its amalgamation of Hindu and Buddhist traditions, stunning Himalayan surroundings, and the transformative spiritual experiences it offers to visitors.
  6. What is the best time to visit Muktinath Temple?

    The ideal time to visit Muktinath Temple is from April to June and September to November when the weather is pleasant and favorable for travel.
Tue, 04 Jul 2023 13:33:01 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Maharana Pratap Singh: The Defiant Rajput Warrior King In the annals of Indian history, there are certain figures whose bravery and valor continue to inspire generations. One such luminary is Maharana Pratap Singh, the legendary ruler of Mewar in present-day Rajasthan. Maharana Pratap's unwavering courage, indomitable spirit, and relentless resistance against the Mughal Empire have etched his name in the collective memory of the nation.

Maharana Pratap, also known as Rana Pratap Singh, was a valiant and revered Rajput warrior who ruled the kingdom of Mewar in present-day Rajasthan, India. He is celebrated for his unwavering courage, indomitable spirit, and relentless resistance against the Mughal Empire during the 16th century. Here are some key details about Maharana Pratap and his significant contributions.

In this article, we will discover the inspiring tale of Maharana Pratap, the legendary Rajput warrior who fearlessly defended his kingdom against the mighty Mughal Empire. From his early life to his ascension as the king of Mewar and his relentless resistance against Emperor Akbar, Maharana Pratap's story is one of courage, honor, and unwavering patriotism.

Birth and Lineage:

Maharana Pratap was born on May 9, 1540, in Kumbhalgarh, Mewar, a fort in the Aravalli Hills which was a prominent Rajput kingdom. He belonged to the Sisodia Rajput clan, which traced its lineage back to the legendary King Rana Hamir. His father, Maharana Udai Singh II, was the ruler of Mewar at the time. As a child, Pratap was trained in martial arts, horse riding, and warfare, receiving an education befitting a future king. He imbibed a strong sense of honor, duty, and love for his motherland from his early years.

Early Life and Ascension:

The ascension of Maharana Pratap to the throne was not a smooth process. According to historical accounts, when his father passed away, the nobles of Mewar chose his eldest son, Jagmal, as the next ruler due to his seniority. This decision was met with strong opposition from Pratap and his loyal supporters. Despite the challenges, Pratap's determination and support from his followers eventually led to his coronation as the king of Mewar in 1572. His ascension came at a challenging time when the Mughal Emperor Akbar sought to expand his empire and exert control over the Rajput kingdoms.

Battles and Resistance:

Maharana Pratap,  was known for his valiant battles and resistance against the Mughal emperor Akbar during the 16th century. The conflict between Maharana Pratap and Akbar was a significant chapter in Indian history, marked by numerous battles and acts of resistance. Here are some notable events:

  1. Battle of Haldighati (1576):

    The Battle of Haldighati is one of the most famous encounters between Maharana Pratap and Akbar's forces. Though Maharana Pratap's forces were outnumbered and outmatched by the Mughal army led by Man Singh I, the Rajputs put up a fierce fight. Despite facing heavy losses, Maharana Pratap managed to escape the battlefield and continued his resistance against Akbar.
  2. Siege of Chittorgarh (1567-1568):

    Chittorgarh was the capital of Mewar, ruled by Maharana Pratap. In an attempt to capture the strategic fort, Akbar ordered a siege on Chittorgarh. Maharana Pratap defended the fort for several months, but eventually, due to scarcity of resources and continuous attacks, he had to abandon Chittorgarh and move to the Aravalli hills.
  3. Guerrilla Warfare:

    After losing Chittorgarh, Maharana Pratap adopted guerrilla warfare tactics to resist the Mughal forces. He utilized the rugged terrain of the Aravalli hills to his advantage and launched surprise attacks on Akbar's troops. This strategy allowed him to keep the Mughals at bay and maintain his resistance for an extended period.
  4. Battle of Dewair (1582):

    The Battle of Dewair was a significant victory for Maharana Pratap. In this battle, he successfully defeated the Mughal army led by Asaf Khan and recovered much of his lost territory, including important forts like Gogunda and Kumbhalgarh.

Continuous Resistance:

Even after facing setbacks and territorial losses, Maharana Pratap never submitted to Akbar's rule. He continued his resistance and waged a prolonged struggle to protect the independence of Mewar. Despite diplomatic efforts from Akbar's side to negotiate peace, Maharana Pratap refused to surrender.

Legacy and Folklore:

The legacy of Maharana Pratap, the valiant Rajput warrior king, is deeply ingrained in the folklore and history of India. His courageous acts of resistance against the mighty Mughal empire have made him a revered figure and a symbol of Rajput pride. Here are some aspects of Maharana Pratap's legacy and the folklore surrounding him:

  1. Valor and Honor:

    Maharana Pratap is celebrated for his unwavering commitment to honor and valor. His refusal to submit to Akbar and his relentless pursuit of independence for Mewar has made him an embodiment of courage and sacrifice. He is often depicted as a noble and chivalrous warrior who prioritized his principles and the dignity of his people above personal gain.
  2. Chetak, the Loyal Steed:

    One of the most famous tales associated with Maharana Pratap is the story of his loyal horse, Chetak. During the Battle of Haldighati, Chetak played a crucial role in saving Maharana Pratap's life by carrying him to safety despite being severely wounded. The bravery and devotion of Chetak have become legendary, and the story of their bond has been passed down through generations.
  3. The Battle at Haldighati:

    The Battle of Haldighati is a pivotal event in the folklore surrounding Maharana Pratap. It is often depicted as a battle between good and evil, where Maharana Pratap fought against overwhelming odds to defend his kingdom and uphold Rajput's honor. The story of his valiant stand at Haldighati has become an emblem of bravery and resilience in the face of adversity.
  4. Songs and Ballads:

    The folk traditions of Rajasthan are replete with songs and ballads that recount the tales of Maharana Pratap's heroism. These songs, known as "bhajans" or "kirtans," celebrate his battles, sacrifices, and unwavering spirit. They are sung during festivals, cultural events, and even in daily life, keeping alive the memory of Maharana Pratap and inspiring the Rajput community.
  5. Statues and Monuments:

    Maharana Pratap is honored through statues and monuments erected in his memory. The most notable is the iconic Maharana Pratap Memorial in Udaipur, Rajasthan, which stands as a tribute to his courage and resilience. These structures serve as reminders of his legacy and attract visitors who seek to pay their respects and learn about his remarkable life.

Inspiration and Symbol of Resistance: Maharana Pratap's legacy transcends time and continues to inspire people. His unwavering resistance against oppression and his refusal to compromise on his principles have made him a symbol of defiance and the spirit of independence. His story serves as a reminder of the importance of preserving one's identity, heritage, and values in the face of adversity.

The folklore surrounding Maharana Pratap has kept his memory alive for centuries, ensuring that his heroic deeds and the ideals he stood for are passed down to future generations. His legacy as a warrior king, his steadfastness in the face of challenges, and his commitment to honor continue to resonate with people, earning him a special place in the hearts and minds of the Indian people.

Death and Succession:

Maharana Pratap passed away on January 29, 1597, in Chavand, Mewar leaving behind a legacy of bravery and patriotism. He is remembered as one of the greatest Rajput warriors, who chose honor over surrender and fought for the freedom of his kingdom till his last breath. His story continues to inspire people with his unwavering commitment to his principles and his relentless pursuit of independence. His son, Amar Singh, succeeded him as the ruler of Mewar, continuing the legacy of resistance against the Mughals. Maharana Pratap's unwavering commitment to defending his kingdom and his refusal to bow down to foreign rule has made him an iconic figure in Indian history.

Sun, 02 Jul 2023 21:48:21 +0545 Alisha Dahal
The Legendary Gurkhas: Stories of Courage, Bravery, and Resilience The world is filled with stories of courage, bravery, and resilience. One such tale belongs to the legendary Gurkhas, a community of warriors renowned for their unwavering loyalty and exceptional military prowess. Hailing from the rugged hills of Nepal, the Gurkhas have left an indelible mark on the history of warfare. From the battlefields of the World Wars to modern conflicts, their valor and dedication have earned them a reputation as some of the fiercest soldiers to have ever walked the Earth.

The story of the Gurkhas is a testament to the power of courage, bravery, and resilience. Their unwavering loyalty and exceptional military prowess have earned them a well-deserved reputation as some of the fiercest soldiers to have ever walked the Earth. They have left an indelible mark on the history of warfare and continue to inspire future generations with their extraordinary tales of valor. The legacy of the Gurkhas stands as a reminder of the human capacity for greatness, even in the face of adversity.

Origins and Recruitment:

The roots of the Gurkhas can be traced back to the early 19th century when the British East India Company sought to recruit soldiers from the hills of Nepal. Recognizing the Nepalese as natural-born fighters, the British realized the potential of enlisting them in their ranks. The first Gurkha regiment, the Nasiri Battalion, was formed in 1815, and since then, Gurkhas have become an integral part of the British Army. Gurkhas have been involved in numerous conflicts, showcasing their unparalleled bravery time and again. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was their first significant test, and they failed miserably, showing steadfast devotion to the British throne. During the two World Wars, when they bravely fought on different battlefields throughout the world, the Gurkhas' renown increased even more.

Selection Process:

The Gurkhas selection process is competitive and rigorous, conducted by the British Army. It involves recruitment rallies, written examinations, physical fitness tests, medical examinations, interviews, and a selection board at Nepal's British Gurkha Training Depot. The process assesses candidates' physical and intellectual capabilities, character, determination, and adherence to the Gurkha tradition. Successful candidates are offered a place in the rigorous training program, transforming them into disciplined and skilled soldiers.


Gurkha training is intense, disciplined, and focuses on developing physical and mental capabilities for combat. Candidates undergo rigorous physical exercises, military skills, discipline, and character development at the Gurkha Training Depot in Nepal. The curriculum includes combat techniques, weapons handling, marksmanship, navigation, and tactical maneuvers. Gurkhas are taught self-discipline, respect for authority, and teamwork. They also receive specialized instruction for specific operational environments, such as mountain warfare or jungle warfare. After completing training, Gurkhas become full-fledged members of the Gurkha regiment, embodying bravery, loyalty, and selflessness.

Military Achievements:

The Gurkhas have a long and distinguished history of military achievements that have solidified their reputation as exceptional warriors. Throughout history, the Gurkhas have demonstrated their valor on numerous battlefields. During the two World Wars, they fought alongside British forces, showcasing their exceptional bravery and unyielding spirit. In both conflicts, Gurkhas earned an impressive number of Victoria Crosses, the highest military award for valor in the British Commonwealth.

One of the most notable battles in Gurkha history is the Battle of Gallipoli in 1915. Facing impossible odds, the Gurkhas, with their khukuri (traditional Nepalese curved knives), charged fearlessly against entrenched enemy positions. Despite suffering heavy casualties, they displayed unwavering courage and ferocity, earning the respect and admiration of their comrades and adversaries alike.

During World War I, Gurkha regiments demonstrated exceptional bravery and tenacity in battles like the Battle of Loos, Gallipoli, and Mesopotamia. They fought in treacherous environments, such as the Battle of Monte Cassino in Italy and the Battle of Imphal in India. In recent conflicts, Gurkhas have demonstrated their military prowess in peacekeeping operations, contributing to stability and security in volatile environments. Their unwavering loyalty, combat skills, and commitment have earned them a reputation as some of the world's finest soldiers. Their military achievements have earned them numerous honors and awards, including Victoria Crosses.

Cultural Significance and Identity:

The Gurkhas, a unique community of warriors, have a rich cultural heritage, language, customs, and values that shape their identity. Their Nepalese origins, traditional clothing, dances, music, and folklore reflect their heritage. Religion, values, and military service shape their worldview and moral guidance. The Gurkhas' strong sense of camaraderie and brotherhood transcends geographical and generational boundaries, and their reputation as exceptional soldiers has earned them worldwide admiration. The iconic khukuri represents a symbol of their warrior heritage and a sense of pride for the Nepalese people. Their cultural significance remains a source of strength and unity, ensuring the preservation of their heritage and traditions for generations to come.


The Gurkhas' legacy is characterized by extraordinary valor, unwavering loyalty, and military prowess. Their storied history spans centuries, with their fearless warriors demonstrating courage and sacrifice. Their service in the British Army has earned them numerous Victoria Crosses, and their cultural significance extends beyond military service. The Gurkhas' legacy is preserved through the Gurkha Brigade Association, which supports veterans and fosters camaraderie among soldiers. Their enduring spirit of courage and sacrifice continues to inspire generations.


Gurkhas face unique challenges in recruitment, training, post-service benefits, and integration into civilian society. The rigorous selection process, separation from families and communities, and language barriers can create emotional and psychological challenges. Transitioning to civilian life after military service can be challenging, as Gurkha veterans may face challenges in accessing post-service benefits. Preserving Gurkha cultural identity and addressing veterans' unique needs is essential. The evolving nature of warfare and security threats also presents challenges, requiring continuous training and professional development. The COVID-19 pandemic has posed unprecedented challenges for Gurkhas, but resilience, discipline, and adaptability have allowed them to overcome obstacles.

The Future of Gurkhas:

The Gurkhas' future is shaped by recruitment, training, integration, and the evolving nature of warfare. High standards, diversity, and training will ensure the quality and capabilities of Gurkha soldiers. Integration into multinational forces and specialized training in counterterrorism, cybersecurity, and asymmetric warfare will be crucial. Preserving Gurkha cultural identity, promoting the well-being of veterans, and strengthening international collaborations will shape their future. By addressing unique needs and fostering collaboration, the Gurkhas can contribute to global security and maintain their status as exceptional soldiers.

The Gurkhas, a remarkable community of warriors from Nepal, have left an indelible mark on warfare history. Their disciplined professionalism, exceptional combat skills, and unbreakable spirit have earned them admiration and respect. Their vibrant cultural identity and military service strengthen their identity as warriors. As the world evolves, the Gurkhas will adapt and face new challenges, maintaining high standards and a strong spirit.

Sat, 01 Jul 2023 20:39:36 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Mayor Balen Shah: Revolutionizing Kathmandu's Development Balen is a renowned figure whose name resonates with people of all ages, from young children to the elderly. He is a widely recognized personality at the national level and on the international stage. Balen holds the distinct honor of being the first mayor in history to garner international attention, as his achievements were prominently featured in the prestigious New York Times.

In the subsequent 2017 municipal elections, Balen Shah initially expressed his interest in running for the position of Mayor of Kathmandu. However, after careful consideration, he ultimately decided against pursuing the candidacy. Recognizing the importance of adequate preparation and planning, he made the responsible choice not to proceed, as he felt he was not fully equipped to execute his envisioned plans effectively.

Following a patient five-year wait, Balen Shah officially announced his candidacy for the position of Mayor of Kathmandu Metropolitan in 2022. On May 26, 2022, the determined Balen Shah secured an impressive 38.6% of the vote, emerging victorious and earning the esteemed title of Mayor of Kathmandu Metropolitan. In a resounding triumph, Balen Shah surpassed his opponents by a substantial margin of over 23,000 votes. Notably, he defeated Keshav Sthapit of the CPN (UML) and former mayor Srijana Shrestha of the Nepali Congress, solidifying his position as the choice of the people and highlighting the trust placed in his leadership abilities. Presently, Balen Shah is effectively demonstrating to the general public that their votes were cast in favor of the right person. Through his commendable actions, he is instilling a sense of pride in all Nepalese.

Works Done by Balen Shah, Mayor of Kathmandu Metropolis in One Year:

  • Waste management within the municipality
  • Toilets of hotels, restaurants, financial institutions, etc. can also be used in public
  • The decision not to pick up the garbage of Singha Darbar was also a positive discussion for Balen
  • Pavement management
  • Metropolitan meeting live where the general public would be able to see what happened in the meeting of metropolitan
  • Organized parking, arrangement of underground parking
  • A positive effort to remove the slums that have been occupying land on the banks of the river in the name of Sukum residents for years,
  • Searching for the Tukucha River and demolishing the structures built on the river since decades ago,
  • Removal of unorganized wires and huge hoarding boards that are scattered here and there to make Kathmandu metropolis ugly.
  • Free ambulance service throughout Kathmandu,
  • Sealing of petrol pumps operating against norms,
  • Penalty for littering in a public place
  • Trying to do certain works including construction of parks and mandatory contracts when renting and giving, within one year.
  • Legally, the law makes it easier for the residents of the city to deal with cases.
  • Grievance Management and Inquiry Centre
  • Digital Government to Local Government
  • have started the KMC app. Providing more than 30 recommendations, online revenue, digital citizen charter, public complaints, smart tax, and other services through the application.
  • Given the peace and security of the city, crime control, accidents, etc., 6 crore rupees have been provided to Nepal Police for a CC TV connection.
  • Free treatment for poor and targeted groups
  • For quite some time, Balen Shah swiftly gathered the taxes that were previously unpaid or uncollected by the government within a mere 24-hour period.
  • A generous contribution of 1 crore has been made by Balen Shah towards the development and promotion of E-sport gaming.
  • Balen Shah is currently devising plans to establish a Yama Buddha park in honor of the late Yama Buddha, utilizing his salary for its creation.
  • The Kathmandu call center has been established to facilitate communication with the public, providing a platform for individuals to voice their concerns, ask questions about Kathmandu Metropolitan, and seek resolution to various issues they may be facing.
  • Under Mayor Balen Shah's leadership, a city beautification project is being implemented to enhance the cleanliness and aesthetics of the city. As part of this initiative, various plantation projects have been undertaken along the main roads, adding greenery and natural beauty to the urban landscape.
  • The education sector has witnessed noteworthy reforms and transformations under Mayor Balen Shah's administration. One notable initiative is the implementation of a book-free day, where students are engaged in practical skill-building activities. Additionally, a policy has been introduced to discourage schools from including international references in their names, as it does not adequately represent their national identity. These measures reflect the commitment to enhancing the educational experience and fostering a sense of local pride.
  • A dedicated budget has been allocated for the preservation of religious sites in Kathmandu, emphasizing the importance of safeguarding these significant cultural and spiritual landmarks.
  • Under his guidance, Kathmandu Metropolitan introduced new bus routes, improved bus stops, and implemented a smart ticketing system, ensuring a more convenient and reliable travel experience for residents and commuters.

Within one year, Balen Shah has undertaken several noteworthy projects and initiatives. While there may be additional endeavors that have been accomplished, based on my research, the following are some of the remarkable achievements attributed to his leadership. He has been performing admirably, instilling hope in the hearts of all Nepalese.

Mayor Balen Shah's remarkable achievements in just one year as the leader of Kathmandu Metropolitan have set a new benchmark for governance and urban development. His unwavering dedication, visionary leadership, and focus on infrastructure, public services, and sustainable development have transformed the cityscape of Kathmandu.

Unlike many political leaders who tend to prioritize speeches over action, Balen Shah distinguishes himself by focusing on tangible work. He devotes limited time to speaking, with his speeches typically lasting no more than 5 to 6 minutes. During these concise addresses, he chooses his words carefully, delivering impactful messages that resonate with the audience. His approach emphasizes the significance of actions over mere words, making his leadership style effective and results-oriented.

Mayor Balen Shah's transformative leadership has laid a strong foundation for the future growth and prosperity of Kathmandu Metropolitan. By prioritizing infrastructure development, enhancing public services, and promoting sustainable practices, he has created an environment conducive to economic growth, social well-being, and environmental sustainability.

His bold vision and proactive approach have inspired residents and stakeholders to actively participate in the city's development. Through effective collaboration with local communities, businesses, and governmental organizations, Mayor Balen Shah has fostered a sense of ownership and pride among the citizens of Kathmandu, driving them toward a shared vision of progress and prosperity.

As the city looks towards the future, it is evident that the strong foundation laid by Mayor Balen Shah will continue to shape Kathmandu's growth and prosperity for years to come. By following his example of boldness, inclusivity, and sustainability, Kathmandu Metropolitan has the potential to become a shining example of a modern and thriving city in the global arena.

About the Recent Life of Mayor Balen:

In recent days, there has been significant opposition from several political leaders regarding Balen's actions. Balen refused to allow the screening of the Hindi movie Adhipurush in Nepal, as the movie portrays Goddess Sita, a character from the Ramayan, as the daughter of India, which is an incorrect statement. In reality, Goddess Sita is regarded as the daughter of Nepal. As a patriot, Balen deemed this portrayal inaccurate and granted the production team three days to rectify their mistake. However, the team did not acknowledge their error, resulting in Balen's decision to ban all Hindi movies in Nepal. Nevertheless, this course of action was not accepted by many prominent figures, and the court instructed Balen to retract his statement and permit the screening of Hindi movies in Nepal, except for Adhipurush. Despite the court order, Balen remained undeterred by anyone and refused to comply, stating his lack of fear or intimidation.

Mayor Balen posted, "When it comes to the sovereignty and independence of the country, I am not going to obey any law or court. After the film writer says that Nepal was under the rule of India, they know their intention. The Nepal government will call this a stunt and the court will allow the film to run, meaning that Nepal was under the rule of India, and the court and the government are understood to be slaves of India. I am ready to suffer any punishment for this, but the film will not run and will not be allowed to run."

Mayor Balen has garnered support not just from the residents of Kathmandu, but from the entire Nepali population. He is recognized as someone who genuinely loves Nepal, and the Nepali people have made it known to the court that any harm inflicted upon Balen would have severe repercussions. This signifies that Nepal is experiencing progress under the guidance of educated and youthful leaders like Balen and a generation that acknowledges his positive contributions to the nation. There is a collective understanding that we should extend our support to Balen in any way possible, as he works for the betterment of our country. 

Tue, 27 Jun 2023 08:26:09 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Nepal&China Relationship: Trade, Culture, and Cooperation The relationship between Nepal and China is a multifaceted one, encompassing various dimensions such as political, economic, cultural, and strategic cooperation. The two countries have a long history of interactions and a shared border, which has played a significant role in shaping their relationship. This article provides a concise overview of the relationship between Nepal and China, highlighting key aspects and developments in their bilateral ties.

Trade and Investment:

The history of trade between Nepal and China stretches back centuries, forged by geographical proximity and cultural connections. China is Nepal's second-largest trading partner, with exports and imports exceeding $23 million in 2017/18. Despite China providing zero tariff entry facilities to over 8,000 Nepali products since 2009, Nepal has not reduced its trade deficit. Nepal participates in trade fairs and exhibitions with China, and the Nepal-China Non-Governmental Cooperation Forum aims to enhance cooperation between private sectors. China is the largest source of foreign direct investment in Nepal, with 164,694 Chinese tourists visiting in 2018.

This article explores the fascinating journey of commercial interactions between these two ancient civilizations, tracing their shared heritage through the Silk Road era to the present day. From yak caravans traversing treacherous mountain passes to modern-day bilateral agreements, the trade relationship between Nepal and China has evolved significantly. Through the centuries, this economic engagement has not only facilitated the exchange of goods but also nurtured cultural ties, contributing to the mutual growth and prosperity of both nations. The bilateral relationship between Nepal and China is defined by the Sino-Nepalese Treaty of Peace and Friendship signed on April 28, 1960, by the two countries.

Nepal-China trade has been characterized by the exchange of diverse commodities, showcasing economic interdependence and complementarity. Nepal's abundant natural resources, such as timber, herbs, wool, and minerals, have been exported to China for construction, furniture, and other purposes. China has provided Nepal with goods like silk, tea, salt, and ceramics, fostering cultural exchange and mutual understanding. The barter system, which allowed for the flexible and organic exchange of goods, further exemplifies the deep historical and cultural connections between the two nations.

Ancient Connections

Nepal and China share a common border, with Tibet (now an autonomous region of China) being the primary gateway for trade between the two nations. The ancient trade routes connecting Nepal and China include the famous "Tibetan Tea-Horse Trade Route" and the "Trans-Himalayan Trade Route." These routes facilitated the exchange of goods, ideas, and cultural practices between the two regions.

The origins of trade between Nepal and China can be traced back to ancient times when the Silk Road acted as a crucial link between the East and the West. As the Silk Road routes flourished, Nepal served as a pivotal transit point for caravans carrying goods between China, India, Tibet, and Central Asia. Precious commodities such as silk, tea, spices, and ceramics flowed across these ancient trade routes, shaping the economic landscapes of both regions.

In the modern era of Nepal-China faced challenges due to political factors, border closures, and neighboring countries influence. Despite the closure, informal trade thrived through border towns and local traders. The resilience of informal trade can be attributed to geographical proximity and historical trade relationships between Nepal and China. India and China's trade policies and relations also influenced bilateral trade. Efforts to address these challenges and strengthen the formal trade relationship have shown promising signs for the future of Nepal-China trade.

In more recent times, the trade relationship between Nepal and China has continued to grow. In 1956, the two nations signed a Treaty of Trade and Transit, which further solidified their economic ties. Over the years, both countries have engaged in bilateral trade agreements, facilitating the exchange of various goods and services.

In the early 21st century, Nepal's trade with China gained significant momentum, fueled by factors such as improved transportation infrastructure and evolving political dynamics. China has become one of Nepal's largest trading partners, with trade volumes steadily increasing. Nepalese exports to China include garments, handicrafts, medicinal herbs, carpets, and metal crafts. In return, Nepal imports a range of goods from China, including machinery, electronic products, textiles, and agricultural equipment.

Nepal and China have been working together to improve trade and economic ties by constructing transportation infrastructure, such as roads and bridges, which have significantly improved connectivity and facilitated trade activities. Both countries have expressed their commitment to strengthening economic ties and increasing bilateral trade volume. Special economic zones, industrial parks, trade fairs, and business forums have been established to attract Chinese investors and boost exports. Nepal has also emphasized diversifying its export base to China, promoting Nepalese products in the Chinese market, and strengthening people-to-people exchanges to foster cultural enrichment and long-term friendships. Infrastructure development has been a key focus in strengthening trade ties between Nepal and China. The two countries have collaborated on various projects, including the expansion of roads and the construction of border checkpoints.

The Cultural Exchange

Religion and culture significantly impact the relationship between Nepal and China. Buddhism, originating in India and flourishing in Tibet, has spread through trade and cultural interactions. Nepal's association with Tibetan Buddhism has influenced the religious and cultural landscape, with monasteries, temples, and cultural centers serving as important landmarks. Tibetan refugees have also deepened cultural connections, promoting trade in handicrafts, textiles, and Tibetan-inspired products. The promotion of tourism has also benefited the relationship, with Chinese tourists attracting economic opportunities and boosting the tourism industry. Both nations are actively seeking to strengthen trade and cultural ties, fostering mutual understanding and appreciation.

Exchange of visits:

Nepal and China have a long tradition of exchanging high-level visits to strengthen and consolidate bilateral ties. Both countries have used bilateral, regional, and multilateral forums to hold meetings between leaders, sharing views on mutual interests. Nepal's Vice President, Nanda Bahadur Pun, visited China in 2018 and 2017, and Nepal's Prime Minister, K P Sharma Oli, visited China in 2018. Both sides held in-depth discussions and signed agreements, including a Memorandum of Understanding on Railway Projects. Nepal also held meetings with central and provincial leaders, businessmen, academics, university administrators, students, media, and members of the Nepali diaspora.

In 2017, Nepal's Prime Minister, Pushpa Kamal Dahal, visited China and held meetings with Chinese President H.E. Xi Jinping and other leaders. In 2018, Nepal's Speaker of the House of Representatives, Krishna Bahadur Mahara, visited China and signed agreements, such as the Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation, Framework Agreement on Promotion of Investment and Economic Cooperation, and Letters of Exchange for Oil and Gas Resources Exploration in Nepal. 

Educational Cooperation

China offers scholarships to 100 Nepalese students and provides Chinese language training to 200 tourism entrepreneurs. Both countries promote cultural cooperation, and youth exchange, and foster sister-city relations in various fields.


The relationship between China and Nepal is characterized by a long-standing history of cultural, economic, and diplomatic ties. The two nations have shared trade, cultural, and infrastructure connections throughout the centuries. The modern relationship encompasses various aspects, including trade, infrastructure development, people-to-people exchanges, and political cooperation. China's support for Nepal's infrastructure projects, along with increasing trade and investment, reflects the depth and significance of the bilateral relationship.

Sun, 25 Jun 2023 20:25:15 +0545 Alisha Dahal
The Goddess Kumari: A Revered Tradition in Nepal Goddess Kumari, also known as the Living Goddess, is a revered and unique tradition in Nepal that dates back several centuries. Here is a historical overview of the Goddess Kumari and her significance in Nepalese culture. Nestled in the heart of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal, there exists a timeless tradition that has captivated the imagination of people worldwide. The Kumari, or Living Goddess, is a revered figure believed to be the manifestation of the divine feminine energy. Steeped in history, mysticism, and devotion, the institution of the Kumari has been an integral part of Nepal's cultural and religious fabric for centuries. In this article, we delve into the captivating story of the Goddess Kumari, her role in Nepali society, and the significance she holds for the people. 

Ancient Origins

The origins of the Kumari tradition in Nepal are deeply rooted in ancient folklore and religious beliefs. While the exact historical origins are shrouded in legends and myths, the tradition is said to have its beginnings in the Kathmandu Valley several centuries ago.

One prevalent legend tells the story of a king named Jayaprakash Malla, who ruled over the Kathmandu Valley during the medieval period. According to the legend, the king had a vision in which the Hindu goddess Taleju appeared to him, instructing him to find a young girl to be worshipped as the living embodiment of the goddess. The king followed the divine command and established the Kumari tradition in Nepal.

Another story associated with the Kumari tradition dates back to the Licchavi dynasty, which ruled Nepal between the 4th and 9th centuries. It is believed that during this era, a princess named Bhrikuti, who was married to the Tibetan king Songtsen Gampo, was considered a manifestation of the goddess Taleju. The Kumari tradition is said to have emerged from the worship of Bhrikuti as the living goddess.

These legends and historical narratives demonstrate the deep intertwining of Hindu and Buddhist beliefs in Nepal. The Kumari tradition itself is a reflection of the fusion of these religious traditions, as both Hindus and Buddhists revere the Kumari as a divine figure.

Selection Process

The selection process typically involves several stages, including the following:

  1. Eligibility Criteria:

The committee sets specific eligibility criteria, such as age and family background, for the candidates. Generally, the Kumari is chosen from the Newar community, which is an indigenous community in the Kathmandu Valley.

  1. Physical attributes:

The selection process for a Kumari involves a thorough examination of physical attributes, including flawless skin, clear complexion, expressive eyes, overall health, and overall well-being. The committee ensures the chosen Kumari is capable of fulfilling her duties and maintaining her position with grace and vitality.

  1. Horoscope Evaluation:

The selection committee carefully examines horse scopes of potential Kumari candidates to determine their astrological compatibility with the goddess Taleju. Astrology holds cultural and religious significance in Nepal, and the committee considers factors like planetary alignments, auspicious combinations, and harmonious aspects. The committee also examines astrological houses, such as the first house and the fifth house, to enhance the candidate's ability to embody Kumari's divine qualities.

  1. Fearlessness Test:

The fearlessness test is a crucial aspect of the Kumari selection process, evaluating candidate's ability to remain composed and courageous in intimidating situations. The test is conducted in a haunting environment, with masked dancers and musicians. The selection committee closely observes candidate's reactions and assesses their mental strength and courage. The test, along with other criteria, aims to identify an exceptional individual with the qualities of a Kumari, embodying divine grace, fearlessness, and spiritual strength.

  1. Knowledge and Aptitude:

The selection process involves evaluating shortlisted candidate's knowledge of religious and cultural traditions, as well as their aptitude for performing rituals and ceremonies related to the Kumari role. The committee assesses candidate's understanding of religious texts, mythologies, and rituals, as well as their practical skills and communication abilities. The committee aims to select candidates who embody the essence of the Kumari, a divine figure deeply rooted in Nepal's cultural and religious traditions.

  1. Final approval:

The committee makes the final decision to select Kumari, a young girl who will embody the divine presence of the goddess Taleju. A senior Buddhist monk conducts a ceremony to validate and affirm Kumari's divine connection. The ritual, infused with prayers, incense, and sacred chants, establishes a sacred bond between the Kumari and the deity. The Kumari assumes her role as a living goddess, carrying forth traditions and blessings. The committee's careful assessments and spiritual affirmation ensure the continuation of this revered tradition, preserving Nepal's cultural and religious fabric for generations to come.

Goddess Kumari's Role

Once chosen, the girl undergoes an intense training process to prepare her for her role as the Living Goddess. She is isolated from her family and resides in the Kumari Ghar (Kumari House). During her tenure, she represents the Hindu goddess Taleju, receiving visits from devotees, dignitaries, and tourists seeking her blessings.

Some of the key roles and responsibilities of the Goddess Kumari include:

  1. Religious Significance:

The Kumari tradition is deeply rooted in Nepal's religious and cultural heritage. The Living Goddess is seen as an embodiment of divine femininity and a source of blessings and protection for the nation. Devotees believe that receiving Kumari's blessings can bring prosperity, good fortune, and protection from evil spirits. The Kumari is regarded as a revered deity and is worshipped by both Hindus and Buddhists. Her selection and presence symbolize the divine connection between the mortal world and the spiritual realm. Devotees seek her blessings and guidance during religious ceremonies and festivals.

  1. Ceremonial Performances:

The Kumari plays a crucial role in various religious and cultural ceremonies. She is invited to bless important events, such as the coronation of kings, public processions, and religious rituals. Her participation is believed to enhance the auspiciousness and spiritual significance of these occasions. During the Indra Jatra festival, she leads the chariot procession of Lord Ganesh and Bhairav. The Dashain festival is another important occasion where the Kumari blesses the King and the public.

  1. Blessings and Healing:

It is believed that the Kumari possesses the power to bestow blessings and grant wishes to her devotees. People visit her to seek her blessings for good health, prosperity, and protection from evil. The Kumari's touch or sight is considered auspicious and believed to bring healing and positive energy.

  1. Symbol of Purity and Power:

The Kumari is considered a symbol of purity and divine energy. Her unblemished appearance, untainted by worldly experiences, is seen as a representation of spiritual purity. Her role as the Living Goddess also signifies the power and authority associated with the divine feminine.

  1. Cultural Preservation:

The Kumari, a living goddess, is a symbol of Nepal's cultural heritage and spiritual wisdom. She represents the country's unique identity and promotes cultural preservation through her presence at religious and cultural events. Her presence also fosters national pride and unity, uniting people from diverse backgrounds under a shared cultural umbrella. The Kumari's influence extends beyond her lifetime, enriching the lives of those fortunate enough to witness and partake in this extraordinary tradition.

  1. Spiritual Guidance:

The Kumari, an embodiment of the goddess Taleju, is a revered figure sought after by devotees seeking guidance and blessings for personal and spiritual matters. Her divine presence and connection to the spiritual realm make her a revered figure, offering solace, clarity, and direction in times of need. Her words carry spiritual power and comfort, guiding individuals towards paths aligned with their spiritual journeys. Her guidance extends beyond personal matters to communal and societal issues, shaping important decisions that affect the larger community.

Controversies and Criticisms

The Kumari tradition has faced criticisms and controversies over the years. Some argue that the practice infringes upon the rights of the selected girls, as they undergo strict isolation and lose out on a normal childhood. Efforts have been made to address these concerns, including provisions for education and support for the Kumari after retirement.

Changes in the Tradition

In recent years, the Kumari tradition has evolved to adapt to changing societal norms. The government and cultural organizations have introduced reforms to ensure the well-being and education of the Kumari during and after their tenure. The tradition also embraces a more inclusive approach, allowing the participation of girls from diverse backgrounds.

The Legacy of the Living Goddess

The tradition of the Goddess Kumari holds immense cultural and religious significance in Nepal. It is a living symbol of the country's rich heritage, spirituality, and devotion. Despite the challenges and debates surrounding the tradition, the Goddess Kumari remains an integral part of Nepalese identity and continues to be revered by both locals and visitors alike.

The Goddess Kumari tradition stands as a unique aspect of Nepal's cultural and religious fabric. The Kumari is a symbol of divine power and spiritual guidance. Despite challenges, the Kumari remains an integral part of Nepal's cultural identity, symbolizing devotion, faith, and the enduring spirit of the Nepalese people. With its deep historical roots and evolving nature, it represents the country's reverence for divinity and the preservation of age-old traditions, making it a fascinating and cherished part of Nepal's cultural heritage.

Sat, 24 Jun 2023 11:16:21 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Brain Drain in Nepal: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions The term "brain drain" describes the emigration or movement of highly educated and competent people from one nation or region to another, frequently in quest of better job opportunities, higher salaries, or better living conditions. Talented people who leave their nation to work or settle in another country, including scientists, physicians, engineers, and other professions, are what define it.

In today's era of social media, it has become evident that an increasing number of individuals from Nepal are expressing their desire to migrate to countries like the USA, Canada, Australia, and various others. Concurrently, there has been a significant rise in the number of Nepali students being granted permission to study abroad including Canada and this trend continues to grow with each passing day. This prompts us to question the underlying reasons behind the departure of students from Nepal and the potential consequences faced by the young generation as a result. Furthermore, it raises concerns regarding what steps both the general public and the government can take to address and curb this prevailing trend. This article aims to delve into these aspects and shed light on possible solutions.

If we were to visit any school and inquire about the plans of students after completing their 12th grade, more than 70% of them would likely express their aspiration to go abroad. The statistics from the year 2022 reveal that the government issued No Objection Certificates (NOCs) to a staggering 82,409 students in just six months. This means that within that relatively short period, 82,409 students decided to pursue their education overseas. Comparatively, the previous year witnessed a count of 44,843 students, which is double the number mentioned above, and this data reflects a mere six-month period.

Here we are going to discuss the several causes contributing to brain drain in Nepal:

  1. Limited opportunities:

    Brain drain in Nepal is primarily due to limited job opportunities and career prospects, leading to skilled professionals finding unemployed or underemployed. The country's economy is impacted by political instability, government changes, and reliance on remittances. Limited research and development opportunities, quality education and healthcare systems abroad, and the allure of higher wages and living conditions also contribute to the issue. Countries with stronger economies and higher living standards offer more attractive remuneration packages and career advancement opportunities.

  1. Economic factors:

Nepal's sluggish economy and low wages have led to a brain drain phenomenon, with skilled professionals seeking better financial prospects abroad. The income disparity between Nepal and developed countries, coupled with limited job opportunities and limited career growth prospects, encourages skilled individuals to seek opportunities in countries with thriving industries and better quality of life. The lack of investment in research, development, innovation, and technological advancements also contributes to the brain drain. The limited job market and lack of diverse industries further exacerbate the issue.

  1. Political instability:

Frequent political changes and instability in Nepal contribute to brain drain, a persistent issue that discourages skilled professionals from staying in the country and pursuing their long-term career goals. This uncertainty creates barriers for businesses and investors, making it difficult to plan and execute long-term strategies. Political instability also leads to social unrest and protests, affecting the security and safety of individuals and their families. The brain drain problem has severe implications for Nepal's economy and development, as skilled professionals may seek better opportunities abroad. Stable political systems and supportive policies attract professionals, promoting professional growth and innovation.

  1. Nepotism:

Nepotism, a practice favoring relatives and close connections in professional and political appointments, contributes to the brain drain in Nepal. It undermines meritocracy, hampers opportunities for skilled professionals, and drives them to seek better prospects elsewhere. Nepotism erodes trust in the fairness of the system and undermines merit-based selection and equal opportunities. It also stifles innovation and professional growth, leading skilled professionals to seek opportunities abroad where their skills and achievements are recognized and rewarded. Nepotism also hinders innovation and creativity within institutions, limiting the potential for growth and competitiveness. The perception of nepotism erodes trust in institutions and leads to a loss of confidence in the fairness and integrity of the system.

  1. Education system:

Nepal's education system faces challenges such as an outdated curriculum, limited quality education, and limited research opportunities. These issues hinder student's competitiveness in the international job market and hinder their ability to develop critical thinking, creativity, and practical skills. Inadequate infrastructure, resource constraints, and a shortage of qualified teachers contribute to substandard learning experiences, especially in rural and marginalized communities. Limited research opportunities and academic and career prospects also contribute to brain drain, as talented individuals seek opportunities in countries with better infrastructure, technology, and research facilities. This brain drain hinders Nepal's economic growth and impedes progress in critical sectors.

  1. Globalization and connectivity:

The rise of global travel and connectivity has led to the phenomenon of brain drain, where highly educated individuals emigrate from their home countries to more developed ones. This phenomenon is fueled by increased accessibility, improved communication technology, and improved transportation systems. However, brain drain can also pose challenges for developing nations, as they lose their best talent to developed countries, affecting their economic growth, healthcare systems, education sector, and innovation capacity.

  1. Social and cultural factors:

Brain drain in Nepal is influenced by societal factors such as global travel, cultural pressure, lack of recognition, and lack of social support systems. These factors discourage skilled professionals from pursuing careers in Nepal, leading to a lack of growth opportunities and investment in critical sectors. Political and economic instability also contribute to the phenomenon.

  1. Lack of research and development:

Nepal faces challenges in R&D, leading to limited funding, inadequate research facilities, and limited collaboration opportunities. This hinders the development of innovative solutions to societal challenges, such as healthcare, agriculture, and renewable energy. Inadequate infrastructure, lack of international collaboration, and a supportive ecosystem for innovation and entrepreneurship further exacerbate the brain drain. Talented individuals may migrate to countries with better startup ecosystems.

Consequences of brain drain in Nepal:

  1. Loss of skilled manpower:

Brain drain in Nepal negatively impacts the country's development and well-being. It leads to the loss of skilled professionals in various fields, affecting the country's economy, productivity, and innovation. This lack of skilled human capital hinders Nepal's ability to compete globally and attract investments, hindering job creation and economic expansion. The absence of skilled professionals in critical service sectors like healthcare and education also hinders the country's ability to foster technological advancements. Brain waste also results in the underutilization of skills and qualifications, leading to frustration and dissatisfaction.

Additionally, brain drain can reduce investment in education, affecting the quality of the education sector and limiting the production of skilled professionals. Addressing brain drain requires comprehensive efforts to create an environment that promotes professional growth, provides opportunities, and recognizes the value of skilled individuals.

  1. Weakened service sector:

Brain drain negatively impacts critical service sectors, particularly Nepal's healthcare and education. The emigration of skilled professionals leads to a shortage of qualified personnel, affecting the quality and accessibility of essential services. This affects rural areas and remote regions, disproportionately affected by the brain drain phenomenon. The education sector also suffers from the departure of qualified teachers, affecting the quality of instruction and educational leadership. To address this issue, Nepal must prioritize policies and investments that retain and attract skilled professionals, improve working conditions, provide competitive salaries, and offer professional development opportunities.

  1. Economic Implications:

Brain drain is a significant hindrance to Nepal's economic development, as it deprives the country of skilled professionals and intellectuals needed for business growth, innovation, and employment opportunities. This scarcity of skilled workers hinders the country's ability to adapt to technological advancements and attract foreign investment. Additionally, it perpetuates a cycle of underdevelopment in critical sectors like healthcare, education, infrastructure, and technology. To address this issue, Nepal must adopt comprehensive strategies that encourage skilled professionals to remain in the country or return after gaining experience abroad. This includes creating a conducive business environment, investing in education and research, and implementing effective policies that encourage the retention of skilled professionals.

  1. Brain waste:

Nepal faces a significant challenge in brain waste, where skilled individuals struggle to find suitable employment opportunities, leading to the underutilization of their skills and qualifications. This results in frustration, dissatisfaction, and a loss of human potential for the country. Underutilization hampers economic growth, stifles innovation, and limits development. It also exacerbates societal challenges, such as healthcare and education, resulting in suboptimal services and deficiencies in vital services.

  1. Social impact:

Brain drain has economic, professional, and social consequences for Nepal, including family separation, disconnection, and a loss of cultural and intellectual diversity. It also hinders long-term initiatives, stable businesses, and innovation, affecting Nepal's cultural heritage, creative industries, and intellectual discourse. The transient nature of brain circulation can hinder sustained investment and innovation, limiting the vibrancy of artistic expressions and societal intellectual growth.

Measures to Reduce Brain Drain

To effectively address the brain drain in Nepal, a multi-faceted approach involving various stakeholders is required. Here are some strategies that can be implemented to mitigate brain drain:

  1. Improvement in the education system:

Comprehensive reforms in the education sector are crucial for addressing the brain drain and retaining skilled individuals in Nepal. By enhancing education quality, modernizing curricula, and providing research and development opportunities, Nepal can create an environment that attracts and retains talented students and professionals. This includes investing in qualified teachers, improving infrastructure, and implementing effective teaching methodologies. Additionally, strengthening vocational training programs can bridge the gap between education and employment, increasing employment opportunities and enhancing the nation's economy. Collaboration between educational institutions, industry stakeholders, and the government is essential for successful implementation.

  1. Enhance job opportunities:

To combat brain drain and retain skilled individuals in Nepal, the government must prioritize job creation, attract foreign investment, and develop diverse industries. Promoting entrepreneurship, attracting foreign investment, and diversifying economic sectors can create a supportive environment for job creation and economic growth. Incentives for skilled professionals to stay include competitive wages, career advancement opportunities, and recognition of expertise. Collaborating with educational institutions and industry stakeholders can ensure that Nepali professionals possess the necessary skills and knowledge to contribute to the country's growth and competitiveness.

  1. Strengthen Institutions and Governance:

Addressing political instability, and corruption, and improving governance are crucial for controlling the brain drain and retaining skilled professionals in Nepal. Prioritizing consensus-building, good governance, and the smooth functioning of democratic institutions can inspire confidence and security in professional's careers. Combating corruption through strict anti-corruption laws, establishing independent bodies, and promoting transparency and accountability in public administration can also help retain skilled professionals. Establishing stable policies and engaging professionals in decision-making can also foster confidence and a sense of ownership in the nation.

  1. Improve Living Conditions and Social Support:

The government must improve living conditions, education, housing, and social support systems to control the brain drain and encourage skilled professionals to stay in Nepal. Healthcare infrastructure, education, housing, and a conducive social environment are essential for providing quality care, reducing the need for international treatment. Housing policies should be developed to provide affordable housing options, and a culture of innovation, entrepreneurship, and intellectual growth can be fostered. Collaboration between the government, private sector, and civil society is essential for implementing these enhancements.

  1. Promote Returnee Programs:

Implementing returnee programs is crucial for controlling the brain drain and harnessing Nepali professional's knowledge and expertise. These programs should offer attractive job opportunities, research grants, and tax incentives to encourage professionals to return to Nepal. Support for reintegration, such as language training, cultural orientation, and networking events, helps returnees navigate challenges and contribute to Nepal's development. Engaging with professionals abroad and providing a supportive environment can ensure the success of these programs.

It is natural for individuals to be concerned about their future, and it is understandable why many consider going abroad as a means to secure stability and security. The idea of pursuing opportunities overseas makes sense from a personal standpoint, as it offers the potential for better prospects. Therefore, it is difficult to find fault with students who choose to explore this option.

However, it is worth noting that the significant increase in the number of students opting to go abroad is a noteworthy trend. While this choice may be driven by valid reasons and personal aspirations, it is essential to consider the potential consequences and impacts on the country. It is hoped that in the future, there will be measures and initiatives in place that address the factors driving this trend and result in a decrease in the number of students leaving the country.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

  1. How many people leave Nepal daily?

    More than 2,000 youth are leaving Nepal daily, contributing to the ongoing phenomenon of brain drain.
  2. Why are so many Nepali students choosing to study abroad?

    Many Nepali students seek better job opportunities, higher salaries, improved living conditions, and access to quality education and healthcare systems available in countries like the USA, Canada, and Australia.
  3. What role does political instability play in the brain drain from Nepal?

    Political instability in Nepal creates uncertainty and barriers for businesses and investors, discouraging skilled professionals from staying and pursuing long-term career goals.
  4. How does nepotism contribute to brain drain in Nepal?

    Nepotism in professional and political appointments undermines meritocracy, limits opportunities for skilled professionals, and drives them to seek better prospects abroad where their skills are recognized and rewarded.
  5. How does the education system contribute to brain drain?

    Challenges in Nepal's education system, such as an outdated curriculum and limited research opportunities, hinder students' competitiveness in the international job market, prompting them to seek opportunities abroad.
  6. What are the economic implications of brain drain in Nepal?

    Brain drain deprives Nepal of skilled professionals needed for economic growth, innovation, and employment opportunities, hindering the country's ability to adapt to technological advancements and attract foreign investment.
  7. How does brain drain affect critical service sectors like healthcare and education?

    The departure of skilled professionals leads to a shortage of qualified personnel, affecting the quality and accessibility of essential services in healthcare and education, particularly in rural and remote areas.
  8. What is brain waste, and how does it impact Nepal?

    Brain waste refers to skilled individuals struggling to find suitable employment opportunities, resulting in the underutilization of their skills and qualifications, hindering economic growth and development.
  9. How can the government address brain drain in Nepal?

    The government can implement strategies such as improving the education system, enhancing job opportunities, strengthening institutions and governance, improving living conditions, and promoting returnee programs to mitigate brain drain.
  10. What measures can be taken to encourage Nepali professionals to return after studying or working abroad?

    Returnee programs offering attractive job opportunities, research grants, tax incentives, and support for reintegration, including language training and cultural orientation, can encourage Nepali professionals to return and contribute to the country's development.
Fri, 23 Jun 2023 21:00:09 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Ghanta Ghar: Nepal's Iconic Clock Tower of Cultural Significance Nepal, a land of majestic landscapes and vibrant culture, is home to numerous architectural wonders that reflect its rich history. Among these stands the iconic Ghanta Ghar, an ancient clock tower that has witnessed the passage of time and serves as a cherished symbol of Nepal's heritage. This article explores the fascinating history and cultural significance of the Ghanta Ghar, providing a glimpse into the past and present. The Ghanta Ghar, also known as the Clock Tower, is a prominent landmark located in the heart of Kathmandu, Nepal. Here are some more details about this historical structure:

Construction and Architecture:

The Ghanta Ghar was built in the late 19th century, during the reign of Prime Minister Bir Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana. The architectural style of the Ghanta Ghar is a fusion of Newar and European influences. The tower stands at a height of approximately XX meters and is constructed using bricks, wood, and stone. It features intricate woodwork and carvings that reflect the craftsmanship of the time.


The Ghanta Ghar is situated in the heart of the city's bustling marketplace, known as Ason. It stands tall at the intersection of Indra Chowk and Asan Tole, two popular areas in Kathmandu. And it is in front of Rani Pokhari and near Trichandra College.

Function and Symbolism:

The primary function of the Ghanta Ghar is to serve as a clock tower, displaying the time on each of its four sides. It has played a significant role in timekeeping for the locals, serving as a reference point for daily activities. The Ghanta Ghar also holds cultural and symbolic significance for the people of Nepal, representing the nation's heritage and unity.

Cultural Significance:

The Ghanta Ghar has been an integral part of cultural and religious events in Nepal. It serves as a focal point for various festivals, including Nepali New Year, Dashain, and Tihar, where it becomes a center for celebrations and gatherings. The tower has witnessed political rallies, public announcements, and demonstrations, making it a symbol of unity and the aspirations of the people.

Historical Transformations:

The Ghanta Ghar has witnessed the changing political landscape of Nepal. During the Rana dynasty's rule, the tower represented the authority and influence of the ruling elite. With the establishment of democracy in the 1950s, the Ghanta Ghar became a symbol of people's aspirations for freedom and democratic governance.

Restoration and Preservation:

In recent times, the Ghanta Ghar has undergone restoration efforts to preserve its historical significance. The government and local authorities have worked together to maintain its structural integrity and renovate the surrounding area. These initiatives ensure that the Ghanta Ghar remains a cherished landmark, connecting the past with the present.

Present-Day Significance:

The Ghanta Ghar continues to be a popular meeting point for locals and tourists alike. The square surrounding the tower is a bustling marketplace offering a wide range of goods and services. It showcases the cultural diversity of Nepal through shops, eateries, and cultural displays, creating a vibrant atmosphere. The Ghanta Ghar stands as a testament to Nepal's history, culture, and architectural heritage, inviting visitors to appreciate its timeless beauty and the enduring spirit of the Nepalese people.

Origins and Construction:

The Ghanta Ghar, also known as the Clock Tower, is located in the heart of Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal. Its construction dates back to the late 19th century during the reign of Prime Minister Bir Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana. The tower was built in the distinctive architectural style of the era, blending elements of Newar and European design. The Ghanta Ghar stands tall at a height of XX meters, adorned with intricate woodwork and beautiful carvings. It features a large clock face on each side, displaying the current time for all to see. The tower's construction materials primarily consist of bricks, wood, and stone, showcasing the craftsmanship of skilled artisans of that time.

Cultural Significance:

The Ghanta Ghar holds significant cultural and historical importance for the people of Nepal. It serves as a focal point of the city, attracting both locals and tourists alike. The tower's purpose extends beyond its timekeeping function, symbolizing the legacy of Nepal's monarchy and the enduring spirit of its people. For generations, the Ghanta Ghar has been a venue for various cultural and religious events. It has witnessed the grandeur of festivals, such as the Nepali New Year, Dashain, and Tihar, where it becomes a center of joyous celebrations and gatherings. The tower has also been a site for political gatherings, demonstrations, and public announcements, serving as a unifying symbol for the people.

Historical Transformations:

Throughout its existence, the Ghanta Ghar has experienced various transformations, reflecting the changing political landscape of Nepal. During the time of its construction, Nepal was under the rule of the Rana dynasty, which was characterized by its influence and authority. However, with the advent of democracy in the 1950s, the tower became a powerful emblem of people's aspirations for freedom and democracy. In recent times, the Ghanta Ghar has undergone restoration efforts to preserve its historical significance. The government and local authorities have worked together to maintain its structural integrity and renovate the surrounding area. These initiatives ensure that the Ghanta Ghar remains a cherished landmark, connecting the past with the present.

The Ghanta Ghar Today:

In the present day, the Ghanta Ghar continues to captivate visitors with its timeless charm. The bustling square surrounding the tower serves as a vibrant marketplace, offering a variety of goods and services. It provides a unique blend of traditional and modern experiences, with shops, eateries, and cultural displays showcasing the cultural diversity of Nepal. The Ghanta Ghar has become a significant meeting point, where people gather to socialize, shop, and enjoy the ambiance of Kathmandu. Its striking presence in the cityscape symbolizes Nepal's resilience and the endurance of its cultural heritage.

The Ghanta Ghar stands as a testament to Nepal's rich history and cultural heritage. It represents a link between the past and the present, embodying the spirit of the Nepalese people. As it continues to stand tall, the Ghanta Ghar invites us to appreciate the beauty of architecture, the passage of time, and the importance of preserving our shared history for generations to come.

Thu, 22 Jun 2023 01:25:23 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Nepal's Alarming Rise in Suicide Cases: Causes and Solutions The case of Monika Thakuri (Moon), a well-known incident of suicide in Nepal, is widely recognized among the country's youth. There are various speculations surrounding the cause of her suicide, with some attributing it to body shaming and online bullying, others mentioning her visa rejection, and some connecting it to her breakup. However, the valid reason remains unknown. I brought up this issue because it is currently a hot topic on social media. Sadly, Nepal has witnessed numerous similar suicide cases, such as that of Yama Budhha, a renowned figure in Nephop music, who appeared to be a content individual. The reasons behind his decision to take his own life remain a mystery. Another distressing incident took place a couple of months ago when an individual committed suicide in public on the streets of Baneshwor. According to his Facebook posts and information from his relatives, he had aspirations to achieve something significant in Nepal, but his business did not flourish as he had hoped, leading to its collapse. Unable to repay his debts, he felt compelled to take such a drastic step. Similarly, just a month ago, a student in Chitwan faced disciplinary action during an exam and was expelled from the examination hall. Tragically, this student later resorted to suicide. Lastly, in December of last year, a woman who was about to get married experienced her fiancé canceling the wedding. Overwhelmed by this heartbreak, she tragically set herself on fire in front of her fiancé's house in Dhumbarahi.

The frequency of suicide cases in Nepal is alarmingly high, and these incidents are often reported in the media. Over the past decade, there has been a significant increase of 72% in suicidal cases. In 2012, an average of 11 deaths by suicide were reported daily, while in 2019, this number rose to 19 deaths per day, resulting in approximately 6,000 suicides in a year. These figures, however, do not account for unreported cases and the prevalence of suicide attempts, which are also widespread. The Epidemiology and Disease Control Division has identified suicide as a major concern in Nepal. The National Mental Health Survey revealed that 6.5% of the population in Nepal contemplates and plans suicide, underscoring the gravity of the issue.

Here are a few of the possible causes of suicide in Nepal:

  1. Mental Health Issue:

Undiagnosed mental health conditions, such as depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia, can significantly impact individuals and increase the risk of suicide. Effective diagnosis and treatment are crucial to mitigate these consequences. Depression, anxiety disorders, and schizophrenia are severe mental illnesses with varying symptoms. Proper management, early intervention, and promoting mental health awareness are essential steps to prevent suicide and improve well-being.

  1. Socio Economic Factor:

Nepal faces pressing issues such as poverty, unemployment, and limited access to education and healthcare. These issues contribute to feelings of hopelessness and despair, as well as increased vulnerability to mental health issues and suicidal tendencies. Addressing these challenges requires comprehensive approaches from governments, NGOs, and international organizations. Initiatives like building schools, improving literacy rates, and providing scholarships can empower individuals and broaden their prospects. Additionally, implementing community-based mental health programs, raising awareness, and providing social safety nets can help reduce the risk factors associated with despair and suicide.

  1. Cultural and Societal Factors:

Cultural and societal factors significantly impact suicide rates among Nepali individuals. Stigma, silence, traditional beliefs, gender inequality, socioeconomic challenges, and rural-urban disparities contribute to high rates of suicide. Addressing these factors requires fostering mental health awareness, promoting open dialogue, and destigmatizing mental health issues. Encouraging women, challenging gender norms, and promoting gender equality can help reduce suicide rates and create a supportive environment that prioritizes mental health and encourages help-seeking behavior.

  1. Substance Abuse:

Substance abuse, including alcohol and drug addiction, has a complex relationship with suicide, causing a cyclical pattern of despair and hopelessness. It can worsen underlying mental health conditions, impair judgment, and contribute to a downward spiral. Substance abuse disrupts the brain's reward system, impairs decision-making abilities, and alters emotional regulation. The resulting isolation and lack of support networks contribute to feelings of loneliness and despair. Addressing the intertwined issues requires a comprehensive approach, including promoting mental health awareness, educating individuals, providing coping mechanisms, and providing evidence-based treatment programs. Reducing stigma and promoting public health campaigns can help reduce the impact of substance abuse on mental health and mitigate suicide risk.

  1. Relationship Problem:

Personal relationships, including marital conflicts, family disputes, and breakups, significantly impact an individual's emotional well-being and can lead to feelings of distress and suicidal ideation. These relationships can cause emotional turmoil, isolation, and emotional instability, resulting in feelings of hopelessness and suicidal ideation. Breakups can be devastating, causing emotional pain and grief. Abuse or violence can exacerbate the risk of suicide. Addressing relationship difficulties requires a multifaceted approach, including providing accessible mental health support, raising awareness about healthy relationship dynamics, promoting strong support networks, and implementing legal protections. By prioritizing mental health support, society can create supportive environments, foster healthy relationship practices, and provide accessible resources to mitigate the risk of suicide.

  1. Life Event and Trauma:

Traumatic experiences can significantly impact an individual's mental health, increasing their vulnerability to suicidal ideation and behaviors. Physical or sexual abuse, the loss of a loved one, and significant life changes can leave lasting emotional scars and disrupt one's sense of safety, stability, and well-being. Grief, significant life changes, and a lack of coping mechanisms can lead to suicidal thoughts. Early intervention, trauma-informed care, and support networks are crucial for healing and recovery. Prevention efforts should focus on promoting healthy relationships, preventing abuse, and advocating for policies supporting mental health and trauma-informed care.

  1. Access of Means:

Easy access to lethal means, such as firearms and pesticides, significantly increases the likelihood of completed suicides. Firearms are highly lethal, with high fatality rates. Pesticides, particularly in rural areas, can also increase the risk of self-harm. Restricting access to these methods, along with mental health support, early intervention, and a supportive environment, can significantly reduce suicide rates. Implementing policies, regulations, and community-based interventions can help prevent suicides and save lives.

In Nepal, a significant disparity exists in suicide rates between genders. Approximately 56% of suicides are committed by males, while 33% are committed by females. Additionally, 7% of adolescent girls and 4% of adolescent boys have also taken their own lives. This data highlights a higher prevalence of suicide among males compared to females. The root causes behind these trends can often be traced back to financial and family issues. Many individuals, burdened by overwhelming debt, face a difficult choice: either fleeing their responsibilities or resorting to suicide. This situation particularly affects individuals who seek employment in Gulf countries, where an astonishing 12% of Nepali migrant workers who pass away in countries like Qatar and Malaysia have died by suicide.

Career and financial problems are the predominant factors contributing to suicide among men, whereas women face different challenges. In the age group of 15-49 years, suicide and deliberate self-harm rank as the leading cause of death for women. Alongside health issues and accidents, suicide and self-harm occupy the top positions. Nepal Police data reveals a sharp increase in suicide cases among minors over the past five years. The number rose from 255 in 2017 to 709 in 2022. Recently, two boys and two girls tragically took their own lives by jumping from a school building, leaving behind notes mentioning their mistakes. In my personal life, I have also witnessed the devastating impact of suicide. A friend's younger brother, who was studying in the 8th grade, committed suicide over two years ago, and the reason behind his tragic decision remains unknown.

Nepal is divided into seven provinces, with Sudurpachim and Karnali being the provinces with a lower Human Development Index (HDI), indicating their relatively less developed status. Interestingly, these provinces also have fewer reported suicide cases compared to others. On the other hand, Bagmati and Koshi provinces, which have higher HDI compared to the rest, experience a higher incidence of suicide. However, the dynamics changed during the COVID-19 pandemic. During the lockdown period, Bagmati and Koshi provinces witnessed a decrease in suicide cases, while Sudurpachim and Karnali provinces observed an increase in suicide cases.

If we continue to feel shame and discomfort when discussing mental health, the prevalence of suicidal cases will inevitably continue to rise unabated. We must break this silence and initiate open conversations about mental health while actively promoting awareness. Unfortunately, the availability of human resources dedicated to addressing mental health concerns remains distressingly low. Currently, there are only around 200 psychiatrists in Nepal, a number that is significantly inadequate given the scale of the problem. To effectively combat the rising tide of suicide cases, it is crucial to bolster the mental health sector by increasing the number of professionals equipped to provide support and treatment. By taking proactive steps to address mental health and expanding the workforce of mental health professionals, we can strive to bring an end to the tragic and preventable loss of life caused by suicide.

Tue, 20 Jun 2023 21:44:03 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Mental Health in the Digital Age: Challenges and Self&Care Today's article will go into great detail on a topic that many of us may have been avoiding: mental health. In this fast-paced world when we are always surrounded by social media and other digital distractions, it's easy to forget our mental health, but it's time to put it first. How much time do you spend each day on your phone? The average youngster spends six to eight hours every day on their phone. Yet why? The response is that it facilitates social interaction, music enjoyment, and artistic expression. Numerous articles discuss the damaging effects of excessive "phone time", the mental damage caused by violent video games, and other topics. Numerous articles have been written regarding the negative effects of excessive "phone time", violent video games, and other factors. These individuals believe that the phones themselves are the problem. But the circumstances here are more complicated. Not just the phone, either. Social media is to blame. Teenagers have used social media to an extent of 90%.

As technology continues to advance and become an integral part of our daily lives, it has both positive and negative effects on our mental well-being. Here are some key points to consider:

  1. Increased Connectivity:

Technology has revolutionized communication and information access, providing global connections and bridging geographical and cultural barriers. However, it also brings challenges, such as curated and idealized versions of others' lives, FOMO, and disconnection from the real world. To maintain a healthy relationship with technology and prevent negative impacts on mental health, it is essential to establish boundaries, prioritize face-to-face interactions, cultivate mindfulness, and seek alternative social support sources. Diversifying connections and focusing on quality interactions can foster a supportive social environment.

  1. Online Harassment and Cyberbullying:

The digital age has brought new challenges, including harassment, cyberbullying, trolling, and hate speech. Cyberbullying, trolling, and hate speech are prevalent issues that can negatively impact mental well-being. To address these issues, individuals, communities, and platforms must take proactive measures. Individuals should be aware of their online actions and promote a culture of kindness, empathy, and respect. Community-level campaigns and education on responsible digital citizenship can help raise awareness and address cyberbullying. Online platforms should prioritize user safety and invest in robust moderation systems to identify and address harassment. By promoting kindness, respect, and empathy, we can create a safer and more inclusive online world.

  1. Information Overload and Digital Fatigue:

Information overload and digital fatigue are prevalent issues in today's digital age, causing mental exhaustion and stress. The constant bombardment of data and notifications can lead to heightened stress, anxiety, and difficulty concentrating. To combat these issues, it's essential to manage screen time, establish digital breaks, practice mindfulness, and create a supportive environment. Encouraging open conversations and providing resources for stress management can help individuals regain control over their digital lives and prioritize their mental health.

  1. Online Mental Health Resources:

Technology has revolutionized mental health care by providing online resources, mental health apps, and teletherapy options. These advancements offer convenience, accessibility, and increased reach to underserved populations. However, it is crucial to approach these resources with discernment and ensure they are evidence-based and regulated. Collaborations between mental health professionals, technology developers, and regulatory bodies are essential to ensuring ethical standards, data privacy, and reliable support. Critical thinking and informed decision-making are essential when using digital mental health resources.

  1. Gaming and Internet Addiction:

Online gaming and internet addiction are prevalent issues that can lead to addiction and adverse effects on mental health. Gaming disorder is a persistent pattern of gaming behavior that dominates daily activities and life interests. Internet addiction disorder affects daily functioning, relationships, academic performance, and overall well-being. Recognizing signs of addiction is crucial for addressing issues. Mental health professionals offer support, guidance, and digital literacy education to promote healthy habits and balanced internet activities.

  1. Privacy and Security Concerns:

The digital age has raised concerns about privacy and security, with platforms like social media and online shopping enabling easy sharing of personal information. However, these platforms also create opportunities for misuse and unauthorized access, leading to identity theft, financial fraud, and targeted advertising. To protect privacy and digital security, individuals should be proactive, adjust privacy settings, use strong passwords, and exercise caution when sharing sensitive information. Regularly updating software and antivirus programs and supporting organizations that prioritize user privacy and data protection can help mitigate risks. Taking proactive steps to safeguard personal information online is crucial for maintaining control and ensuring peace of mind in the digital age.

  1. Digital Detox and Self-care:

In the digital age, it is essential to prioritize mental health and well-being. Regular digital detoxes, setting boundaries on technology use, and prioritizing self-care activities are crucial for maintaining good mental health. Engaging in offline hobbies, physical activities, and spending time in nature can help alleviate stress and promote well-being. Fostering meaningful relationships, setting boundaries on technology use, and prioritizing self-care activities can help maintain a healthy relationship with technology and promote a sense of personal empowerment. By being mindful of digital consumption and investing in mental health, individuals can navigate the digital age with resilience, fulfillment, and a sense of personal empowerment.

Social media's fluctuations We are all aware of the fact that social media is becoming a regular part of our lives. Although it's a terrific way to remain in touch with loved ones, find inspiration, and share life's joys, have you ever considered the detrimental effects it might have on our mental health, from continual comparison to the dread of missing out? How can we limit our use of social media, given that it might contribute to anxiety and depression? So, here are some recommendations for action: Establish a time restriction for using social media. Try to stick to it. Unfollow the accounts that give you bad vibes and have an impact on your mental health. Instead of depending on interactions on social media, make an effort to engage with people in person. the significance of self-care. Self-care is not being selfish; it's crucial to prioritize your mental health and set aside time for yourself to do things like read a book, go for a walk, or have a spa day. Self-care is essential for preserving a sound mental condition.

In today's digital age, it's easy to forget about self-care and get lost in our busy schedules. However, taking a break and indulging in self-care can boost our productivity and reduce stress and anxiety levels. Here are some self-care activities that you can try: Meditation and yoga journaling reading a good book, going out for a walk in nature, and finding a support system In today's fast-paced world, it's easy to get lost in our thoughts and feelings. That's why it's essential to have a support system—someone to talk to and share your feelings with. In the digital age, we have access to online support groups, hotlines, and mental health professionals that we can reach out to whenever we need help talking to friends, family, and our loved ones. Securing their support can also help. Here are some ways to build a support system: Join online support groups and forums. Talk to your friends and family about professional help and therapy. Sometimes all we need is a break from the digital world, a moment to disconnect and enjoy the present moment in today's world where we are constantly connected to our phones and laptops. Set a time limit for technology usage. Go for a digital detox and disconnect from social media and other digital distractions. Spend time in nature, enjoying the present moment. Let's finally talk about mental health.

Social media can be used for positive activities. It’s fantastic that teens have easy access to social interaction with their peers, especially during quarantine when they don’t have the option of going to school. However, statistics show that social media does more harm than good. On all social media sites, there’s an overwhelming urge to be popular and fit in. It’s human nature to seek approval from others. It’s human nature to want to belong. Social media apps use this to their advantage. The "like" button exists to seek approval from others. According to a study conducted by UCLA researchers, teens receive large amounts of dopamine whenever they see more likes on their pictures. It’s similar to eating chocolate or winning money. However, when teens receive fewer likes, they feel more strongly rejected and report more negative effects and negative thoughts about themselves.

Researchers at the University of Texas at Austin simulated student social media interactions. The study found that receiving fewer likes lowered the students’ self-esteem. A second study using the same experimental task found that teens with the strongest negative reaction to receiving fewer likes were also more likely to experience symptoms of depression. As well as that, the pressure to receive likes and be liked can lead to insecurity online. And a big part of that has to do with body image. Often, the most liked photos and most popular accounts are ones featuring attractive people, like celebrities like Selena Gomez or Kylie Jenner. If people like them because of their bodies, teens naturally want to look just like them. However, social media is flooded with unreasonable standards. In the digital age, it’s easier than ever to edit selfies using Photoshop or other apps. You can cover up blemishes, change your body shape, and more.

The prevalence of depression among teenagers aged 14 to 17 increased by more than 60% between 2009 and 2017. Suicidal plots, attempts, and thoughts have all risen sharply, sometimes by more than double. This trend cannot continue. the action must be taken. Exists a remedy, though? Banning social media could be the first thing that comes to mind. However, getting rid of it altogether isn’t the solution. As mentioned before, social media is a genuinely good tool for teens to connect, especially during the pandemic when there is no in-person school. But clearly, something does need to change. For example, Instagram is experimenting with removing likes from its posts. Users will still be able to like pictures, but the like count will be removed from public view. It’s too early to see if this is helpful to the mental health of users, but it’s fantastic to see companies attempting to solve this issue. The problem of unreasonable standards, however, is something more complex.

The root issue isn’t just perpetuated by social media. Before social media, TV magazines pushed unrealistic bodies as well. Body dissatisfaction is also brought on by this. As was already noted, this can have a variety of negative effects, such as low self-esteem, desperation, self-harm, and suicide. Did you know that more than 70% of those suffering from mental health problems do not receive any sort of care or treatment? In high school, about 20% of pupils had suicidal thoughts. Teenagers with depression are more than twice as likely to leave high school. The effects of this mental health crisis are serious.

Mental health in the digital age is complex and multifaceted. To maintain good mental health, it's essential to promote digital literacy, set boundaries, seek support, and prioritize self-care practices. Technology offers benefits but also presents challenges, such as social comparison, information overload, and addiction. By embracing technology, setting boundaries, seeking support, and prioritizing self-care, we can navigate the digital landscape with resilience and a healthier relationship with technology.

Let's talk about mental health. There is a stigma attached to mental health, and people still hesitate to talk about it openly. However, talking about mental health is essential to reduce the stigma and encourage people to seek help if they need it. So let's break the silence and start talking about mental health. Let's support each other and prioritize our mental health.

Mon, 19 Jun 2023 21:51:30 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Epic Adventure Awaits: Top Destinations for Adventure Travel in Nepal If you have a passion for exploration and adventure, Nepal is the ideal travel destination for those seeking a fun-filled journey. Nepal is a fantastic place, given its diverse surroundings that provide many thrilling experiences. Nepal offers abundant opportunities for adventure enthusiasts to discover varying terrains, ranging from mountains.

In this article, we will explore the top ten adventure destinations in Nepal, each offering unique and thrilling experiences for adventure seekers. Let's delve into these exciting places and discover the adventure that awaits in Nepal:

  • Everest Base Camp:

The Everest Base Camp Trek in Nepal is an iconic adventure that offers breathtaking mountain views, immersion in the Sherpa culture, and a profound sense of achievement. Starting in Lukla, the trek takes trekkers through picturesque Sherpa villages, lush forests, and awe-inspiring mountain landscapes. The trek is physically and mentally demanding, requiring proper acclimatization and following experienced guides. The trek also includes visits to ancient monasteries and a momentous achievement at 5,364 meters. The journey teaches the value of perseverance, resilience, and determination, leaving an indelible mark on the soul.

  • Annapurna Circuit:

Annapurna Circuit is a renowned trekking route in Nepal, offering breathtaking landscapes, diverse ecosystems, and the thrill of crossing the mighty ThrongLe La Pass. The trail begins in Pokhara and takes trekkers through charming villages with diverse ethnic communities. You are offered stunning views of mountains covered in snow and may have a chance to experience a spiritual connection by crossing the pass. The Annapurna Conservation Area is a unique environment that serves as a refuge for various flora and fauna. Trekking provides an opportunity for hikers to acquaint themselves with Nepal's residents, who extend their hospitality. The Nepalese way of life can be better comprehended with the aid of this. The Annapurna Circuit Trek is an unforgettable expedition that will leave you appreciating the breathtaking and resilient beauty of nature. Your heart will hold on to it forever.

  • Langtang Valley Trek:

The Langtang Valley Trek is a hidden gem in the Himalayas, offering an unforgettable adventure with stunning natural beauty, cultural immersion, and the warmth of the Tamang community. The beginning of your journey will take place in a small town named Syabrubesi. Your walk will take you through dense forests, picturesque towns, and breathtaking vistas of the Langtang mountain range. The site is home to a plethora of plants and animals, including uncommon Himalayan creatures and numerous species of birds. Exploring the hiking trail allows you to interact with the Tamang community, discover their culture, and share your own experiences with them. The Kyanjin Gompa, an ancient monastery, offers stunning panoramic views and a sense of accomplishment.

  • Sunkoshi:

Whitewater river rafting on the Sunkoshi River in Nepal offers an unforgettable, extraordinary adventure journey through the heart of the country, combining thrilling rapids, stunning landscapes, and cultural encounters. The river, known as the "River of Gold," originates in the high Himalayas and winds through lush valleys, terraced fields, and remote villages. Experienced guides ensure safety and knowledge while the river flows through scenic landscapes and diverse ethnic communities. The rafting experience is transformative, allowing participants to disconnect from everyday life and connect with nature.

  • Pokhara:

Pokhara, located in Nepal, is a vibrant city with breathtaking beauty and abundant adventure opportunities. It offers paragliding, zip-lining, bungee jumping, hiking, boating, and exploring the natural wonders of the region. The city's location near the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountain ranges provides an awe-inspiring backdrop for these thrilling activities. Pokhara's laid-back atmosphere and warm hospitality make it an ideal destination for nature lovers. Visitors can enjoy delicious Nepalese cuisine and cultural shows while also connecting with fellow adventurers.

  • Tatopani:

Bungee jumping in Tatopani, Nepal, offers an adrenaline-pumping adventure that challenges you and awakens your inner daredevil. The site, strategically chosen for its scenic beauty and ideal conditions, offers a breathtaking backdrop of the Himalayan landscape. The adrenaline rush is palpable, and the experience requires courage and determination. Beyond the thrill, Tatopani offers a serene atmosphere, allowing you to unwind and reflect on the adrenaline-fueled experience. The village's warm hospitality and welcoming atmosphere make it an unforgettable experience.

  • Lekhnath:

Canyoning in Lekhnath is an exhilarating adventure that combines adrenaline and nature's beauty. The region's pristine natural beauty, including lush forests, dramatic cliffs, and waterfalls, makes it an ideal playground for this adrenaline-pumping activity. Canyoning involves descending through canyons and waterfalls using techniques like rappelling, sliding, jumping, and swimming. Experienced instructors guide you through the rugged terrain, providing specialized equipment and techniques. The untouched surroundings, waterfalls, and lush vegetation create a serene and captivating environment, fostering a deep connection with nature. As you emerge from the canyons, you'll feel fulfilled and have a sense of accomplishment, resilience, and a deep connection with nature.

  • Kathmandu:

Rock climbing in Kathmandu offers an adrenaline-fueled adventure for both seasoned and novice climbers. The city has a diverse range of sites, including Nagarjun Forest Reserve, Hattiban, and indoor climbing gyms. These sites provide unique challenges and stunning views of the Nepalese landscapes. Climbing in Kathmandu also connects climbers with the natural beauty and cultural heritage of Nepal. The local climbing community is welcoming and supportive, hosting climbing festivals and events to celebrate the sport. Experienced guides and instructors ensure safety and confidence in climbing.

  • Chitwan:

Take an awe-inspiring jungle safari through the wild terrain of Chitwan National Park, situated in Nepal's southernmost area. The region boasts a diverse range of animals such as Bengal tigers, rhinoceroses, deer, leopards, and an abundance of bird species exceeding 500. Guided walks and canoe rides provide insights into the park's ecosystem and conservation efforts. Cultural encounters with the Tharu community showcase the harmonious relationship between nature and the local communities. Accommodation options range from rustic lodges to luxury resorts, offering activities like elephant bathing and traditional dance performances. Safety is a top priority, and professional guides ensure a secure and enjoyable experience.

  • Mustang:

Experience an unforgettable biking adventure in Mustang, a region known as the "Forbidden Kingdom" in the Himalayas. A one-week trip offers thrilling rides, breathtaking landscapes, and the freedom to customize your journey. A Mustang motorbike adventure offers thrills and excitement for motorbike enthusiasts. Experience the rugged terrain and majestic landscapes of Upper Mustang, combining adrenaline rushes with cultural heritage and natural beauty. Immerse yourself in the rich heritage and breathtaking natural beauty of this enchanting region. Accommodation options include cozy teahouses and comfortable lodges with local cuisine prepared fresh and authentically.

Overall, Nepal truly offers an adventure seeker's paradise. Whether you're conquering the Himalayan peaks, rafting through raging rivers, paragliding over breathtaking landscapes, or immersing yourself in the wild jungles, Nepal promises an unforgettable experience that will leave you with memories to cherish for a lifetime. So pack your bags, lace up your boots, and get ready to embark on an exhilarating journey in the land of adventure, Nepal.

Sat, 17 Jun 2023 20:43:18 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Bhat Bhateni Supermarket: Nepal's Leading Retail Success Story Bhat-Bhateni supermarket, a prominent name in the retail industry, opened its doors for the first time with sales totaling Rs. 1304. It was a modest but promising start to an unprecedented success story. Bhat-beaten supermarket, which provides high-quality products and exceptional customer service, has reached unimaginable heights in terms of sales revenue, solidifying its position as the most successful supermarket in the history of retail and reaching its current sales of 6.5 crore daily. First opened with an NRS 35,500 investment, Bhat Bhateni supermarket is now one of Nepal's top retail chains

Starting of Bhat Bhateni:

The former employee of a bank, who later became the chairman of Bhat Bhateni, desired to employ his wife after their marriage. However, they faced difficulty finding a suitable job for her. Consequently, they decided to take matters into their own hands. They established a small store named Bhat Bhateni Cold Store in the Naxal area of Kathmandu. Unfortunately, the store suffered a fire incident in 2047. Nevertheless, they persevered by gaining valuable insights into the store's operations and profitability. This led them to reopen the store. In 2050, they took a significant leap by opening the first Bhat Bhateni supermarket, spanning 3,000 square feet, with an investment of NRS 6 million. Initially, there were only 10 employees, and daily sales exceeded 50,000. By 2060, the business had expanded to a large building with 200 employees. Subsequently, Bhat Bhateni inaugurated its first branch in Maharajgunj, employing 400 people. Presently, there are 24 Bhat Bhateni supermarkets located across the country, including in Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Kaski, Sunsari, Chitwan, Rupandehi, Morang, Banke, Makwanpur, Kailai, and Parsa districts.

Currently, Bhat Bhateni opens four new stores every year, resulting in an average of one store opening every three months in various locations. This rapid development of Bhat Bhateni in Nepal is truly remarkable, especially considering that Nepal is classified as an underdeveloped country. The progress being made by Bhat Bhateni is truly awe-inspiring for the people of Nepal.

Success of Bhat Bhateni:

People prefer to shop at a store that offers a wide variety of products, affordable prices, quality merchandise, excellent customer service, and maintains cleanliness. Bhat Bhateni fulfills all of these criteria, which has contributed to its rapid success within a relatively short period.

Bhat Bhateni's success can be attributed to the following factors:

  1. Entrepreneurial Vision:

    Bhat Bhateni Supermarket, a prominent Nepalese retail chain, is a testament to its chairman and founders' entrepreneurial vision, strategic planning, and tireless efforts. The founders' adaptability and innovation enabled the supermarket to stay ahead of competitors and maintain its position as a market leader. Their understanding of consumer needs, market demand, and unwavering commitment to excellence has transformed the store into a household name in Nepal's retail industry.
  2. Quality and Variety of Products:

    The Bhat Bhateni Supermarket in Nepal is a popular destination for shoppers, offering a diverse range of high-quality products and services. The supermarket is a one-stop shopping solution, offering fresh produce, pantry essentials, international food items, and locally sourced groceries. It also offers clothing, electronics, and personal care products. Bhat Bhateni has expanded its offerings to include online shopping platforms and doorstep delivery, attracting a loyal customer base. The supermarket prioritizes strong supplier relationships, supporting local businesses, and promoting locally made goods.
  3. Customer Service:

    Bhat Bhateni Supermarket prioritizes customer service as a core value and mission. The store's staff undergoes extensive training to provide personalized assistance, address concerns promptly, and value feedback. The store's layout is organized, and customers can easily find products. Bhat Bhateni offers home delivery, online shopping platforms, and loyalty programs to cater to specific needs. The commitment to customer service extends beyond physical locations, with online platforms providing a seamless shopping experience.
  4. Expansion strategy:

    Bhat Bhateni Supermarket's success is attributed to its strategic expansion strategy, which involves strategically opening multiple stores across different cities and regions. The company aims to cater to both densely populated areas and untapped regions with growth potential, ensuring customers have access to quality products and services. The expansion process involves thorough market research, feasibility studies, and site selection, ensuring the viability of new locations. Bhat Bhateni's commitment to a customer-centric approach and job creation has contributed to the retail sector's growth and development in Nepal.
  5. Employment Opportunities:

    Bhat Bhateni's success in Nepal can be attributed to its significant contribution to employment opportunities and addressing unemployment. By creating numerous jobs, the company has improved livelihoods, attracting a diverse talent pool, and fostering inclusivity and diversity in its workforce. This has led to poverty alleviation and social welfare, enhancing Bhat Bhateni's reputation as a socially responsible and community-oriented brand. Bhat Bhateni's growth and expansion have led to indirect employment generation within its supply chain and supporting industries, further boosting economic growth and development in the regions where it operates.
  6. Innovation and Adaptability:

    Bhat Bhateni Supermarket's success can be attributed to its customer-centric approach, expansion strategy, and willingness to innovate and adapt to changing market dynamics. The supermarket has embraced technology, digital payment systems, and data analytics to provide convenient shopping experiences. By analyzing customer behavior and preferences, Bhat Bhateni tailors product offerings and promotional activities. The company also explores new ways to enhance the shopping environment and introduce novel experiences, such as product sampling and live cooking demonstrations. By embracing technology, implementing digital solutions, and fostering a culture of innovation, Bhat Bhateni has solidified its position as a leader in the retail industry in Nepal.
  7. Social initiatives:

    Another reason for Bhat Bhateni's success is its consistent dedication to humanitarian issues including charity, community development initiatives, and support for regional concerns. The corporation has made a huge difference in the lives of impoverished and marginalized populations by contributing money to initiatives for social welfare, healthcare, and educational institutions. In addition, Bhat Bhateni actively engages in community development initiatives that support the growth of infrastructure, environmental protection, and cultural preservation. By supporting local causes, Bhat Bhateni strengthens its positive brand image and earns customer respect and loyalty. This positive association enhances customer loyalty, attracts new patrons, and strengthens the company's market position. Overall, Bhat Bhateni's commitment to social responsibility has created a positive brand image, increased customer loyalty, and a stronger market presence.

Bhat Bhateni Supermarket has ushered in significant transformations in the retail industry of Nepal, an accomplishment that deserves admiration. What started as a modest 120 sq. ft cold store has grown into the largest chain retail supermarket in the entire country, a feat that cannot be understated. The journey of Bhat Bhateni is all the more remarkable when considering its humble beginnings in a small village in Khotang and the fact that its founders, a Gurung couple hailing from a farming family, have managed to build such a colossal empire. Their achievements serve as a testament to the immense potential for individuals to accomplish extraordinary things in this world.

Fri, 16 Jun 2023 15:40:11 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Experience Nepal's Himalayas: Explore the Best Viewpoints The Himalayas of Nepal, a magnificent mountain range in northern Nepal, are home to a few of the world's highest peaks, including Mount Everest. Nepal is home to eight of the 14 highest peaks in the world. The region boasts breathtaking scenes, snow-capped peaks, and a wealthy social legacy. Well-known peaks include Kanchenjunga, Lhotse, Makalu, Cho Oyu, and Dhaulagiri. The Himalayas also hold immense cultural and religious significance, with ethnic groups like Sherpas, Gurungs, Tamangs, and Thakalis having particular traditions and languages. Trekking courses and undertakings offer openings to encounter the Himalayas up close, witness shocking mountain vistas, and immerse oneself within the special culture and hospitality of local communities. The excellence and magnificence of these mountains make Nepal a cherished goal for mountain lovers around the world. One of the key attractions of traveling to Nepal is seeing the stunning views of these Himalayan giants. Here are a few of the best viewpoints of the Himalayas in Nepal:

1.       Sarangkot, Pokhara:

Nestled in Nepal, Pokhara is a gateway to the Himalayas, known for its breathtaking natural beauty and breathtaking views of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountain ranges. Sarangkot, from a prominent perspective, offers an unparalleled panoramic vista of the towering peaks overwhelming the region. The journey to Sarangkot starts with a winding rise through verdant hills and terraced fields, uncovering impressions of snow-capped crests in the distance. The Annapurna Massif, with its towering peaks, captivates the creative energy with its sheer magnificence. The interaction of light and shadows paints a picture of unparalleled magnificence, casting a spell on those blessed enough to witness it.

Sarangkot also offers a bunch of activities for experienced devotees, including paragliding, trekking, and climbing into the encompassing hills and towns. As the sun offers farewell, Sarangkot changes into a supernatural domain, reflecting the twinkling lights of Pokhara underneath and making a celestial association that rises above time and space.

2.       Kala Patthar, Everest region:

Kala Patthar, located near Everest Base Camp, is a breathtaking viewpoint in Nepal, offering an unparalleled opportunity to witness the world's highest mountain without the need for extensive mountaineering skills. The trail begins in Lukla, the gateway to the Everest region, and trekkers follow enchanting Sherpa villages. The trail slowly changes into a rough landscape with snow-capped peaks, perfect ice sheets, and winding streams. The rising of Kala Patthar is a request for assurance, versatility, and a profound appreciation for the unstoppable spirit of the mountains. The steep and rough way to the summit requires a consistent pace and faithful focus, with each challenging step requiring a steady pace and faithful focus.

The top of the mountain offers an amazing view of all the other mountains in the area. It's as though the beauty of nature has been harmoniously arranged into a delightful song. The experience of standing on Kala Patthar is not limited to visual sensations alone; it also embodies the triumph of human determination against the forces of nature and ignites a fire within, inspiring trekkers to push beyond their limits and embrace the extraordinary possibilities that lie ahead. The symbolism of Kala Patthar lies in people's dreams and the unshakeable power of mountains. It gives us a way to see beyond the physical world and understand the Himalayas better. Moreover, it facilitates our association with the enduring magnificence of the natural world.

3.       Nagarkot:

The magnificent Himalayan range can be accessed via Nagarkot, a location near Kathmandu. The calm and green surroundings make it a perfect place for people who want a relaxing getaway. The Langtang and Ganesh Himal ranges dominate the horizon, with snow-capped peaks evoking wonder and reverence. Nagarkot's true magic occurs during sunrise and sunset, with the mountains radiating warmth and energy. The serene atmosphere allows for a profound connection with the natural world, while the sunset views create a breathtaking tableau.

Nagarkot offers a range of activities and experiences for nature enthusiasts, including hiking, exploring local customs, and cultural immersion. The crisp mountain air invigorates the spirit and fosters a deep connection with the natural world.

4.       Everest Base Camp:

The Everest Base Camp trek in Nepal offers an awe-inspiring journey to witness the world's highest peak, Mount Everest, and the encompassing Himalayan peaks. The journey starts with an exciting flight from Kathmandu to the small mountain airstrip in Lukla, where the journey winds through lush forests and breathtaking views. The trek also includes other magnificent Himalayan peaks, such as Lhotse, Nuptse, Ama Dablam, and Cho Oyu. The trek is not without challenges, such as high altitude, rugged terrain, and unpredictable weather conditions. Each step forward is a testament to personal resilience and determination to conquer obstacles.

The trek also offers a unique cultural experience, with the warm and welcoming Sherpa community sharing their traditions, stories, and wisdom. The teahouse lodges scattered along the route provide respite, nourishment, and opportunities for cultural exchange and camaraderie. The journey back from Everest Base Camp allows trekkers to reflect on the profound impact of the experience, creating cherished treasures deep in the core of their being. Everest Base Camp is a testament to the human spirit and a lifelong appreciation for the majesty of the Himalayas.

5.       Gokyo Ri:

Gokyo Ri, a rocky peak in the Everest region, offers a breathtaking panoramic view of Mount Everest, Lhotse, Makalu, and Cho Oyu. The trek begins with a scenic flight from Kathmandu to Lukla and a trek through the Khumbu Valley. The landscape changes as trekkers ascend, offering glimpses of the grandeur ahead. The Gokyo Lakes, a series of high-altitude glacial lakes, reflect the surrounding mountains and sky. The trek is both challenging and rewarding, requiring physical stamina and acclimatization to the high altitude.

The Gokyo Lakes provide a tranquil oasis, while the surrounding valleys and glaciers offer opportunities for exploration. The trek is a spiritual and cultural journey, involving the Sherpa communities, sharing stories, and forging bonds with fellow adventurers.

6.       Annapurna Base Camp:

The Annapurna Base Camp trek in Nepal offers breathtaking views of the majestic Annapurna range, counting famous peaks like Annapurna I, Annapurna South, and Machhapuchhre. the path Starts in Nayapul and explores terraced areas, waterfalls, and rhododendron forests amidst snow-capped Annapurna range peaks. Annapurna I, one of the world's highest peaks, commands consideration with its colossal presence. Annapurna South, with its graceful slopes and dramatic ridgelines, complements the majesty of its neighboring peak. Machhapuchhre, also known as Fish Tail Mountain, is considered sacred and revered by locals and visitors.

Reaching Annapurna Base Camp is a rewarding experience, offering a front-row seat to witness the grandeur of the Annapurna massif in all its glory. Walk through the villages of Gurung and Magar people and enjoy learning about their culture, and food, and meeting kind locals. The Annapurna Conservation Area is a special place that is recognized by UNESCO. It has many different kinds of plants and animals, like trees, flowers, and water. People especially like the pretty waterfalls there. The prospect of taking this trip is exciting because it presents an opportunity for personal development through physical wellness, education, and spiritual enrichment. People will see and appreciate the beauty of the Annapurna mountain range, the strong local communities, and the amazing power of nature.

7.       Langtang valley:

The Langtang Valley, located north of Kathmandu, offers a breathtaking mountain experience with stunning views of the majestic Langtang Lirung and other peaks. The trek follows a scenic drive through lush forests, rhododendron blooms, and towering trees. The Langtang range, with its snow-capped peaks and dramatic ridgelines, commands attention. The region is rich in cultural heritage, with Tamang and Sherpa communities residing there for generations. Trekkers experience local traditions, customs, and hospitality while encountering picturesque villages and tea houses. The Langtang Valley trek is a testament to the enduring allure of the Himalayas, the resilience of local communities, and the transformative power of adventure in the great outdoors.

8.       Manang:

Manang, a hidden gem in Nepal's Himalayas, offers breathtaking mountain views and a unique Tibetan-influenced culture. The village is nestled in an amphitheater of rugged mountains, with a Tibetan-influenced culture and prayer flags. Trekkers can explore the village's traditional stone houses, monasteries, and spiritual sanctuaries, which offer tranquil spaces for reflection and meditation. Manang's strategic location along the Annapurna Circuit trek makes it an ideal resting point for acclimatization.

9.       Upper Mustang:

A unique destination in the mountains of Nepal that offers breathtaking sights of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri peaks alongside rich knowledge of the local heritage and tradition is Upper Mustang. The region once served as a kingdom in the Himalayan Mountains. The old forts, caves previously inhabited by people, and well-preserved temples provide evidence of the vital role that religion played in the lives of past residents. The local people, known as Lo Pas, have preserved their unique traditions and lifestyle for generations, providing a transformative experience. The limited number of visitors allowed each year ensures the region remains unspoiled, allowing trekkers to experience the region's tranquility and serenity.

10.   Pikey Peak:

Pikey Peak, located in Nepal's Solu region, offers breathtaking panoramic views of the Himalayas. At an elevation of 4,065 meters, it provides trekkers with an awe-inspiring perspective of some of the world's highest peaks, including Dhaulagiri and Kanchenjunga. The trek offers a unique experience of nature, connecting with local cultures, and embarking on self-discovery. The peak holds special significance in the Sherpa culture, where trekkers learn about traditions and sacred sites. The warm hospitality, traditional cuisine, and shared stories create a sense of camaraderie, making Pikey Peak an unforgettable adventure.

In conclusion, Nepal offers numerous breathtaking viewpoints to witness the awe-inspiring Himalayas, from the iconic Everest Base Camp to Sarangkot, Kala Patthar, Gokyo Ri, Annapurna Base Camp, Langtang Valley, Manang, Upper Mustang, Pikey Peak, and Nagarkot. These viewpoints provide unique perspectives on the majestic mountain range, leaving visitors in awe of the natural beauty and grandeur of the Himalayas.

Wed, 14 Jun 2023 20:54:10 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Artificial Intelligence: Building a Smarter Future What is Artificial intelligence?

The term "artificial intelligence" was originally introduced in 1956 by John McCarty during the Dartmouth conference. He defined AI as the scientific and engineering field focused on creating intelligent machines. Essentially, AI involves techniques aimed at enabling machines to perform and behave in ways that resemble human capabilities.

Numerous applications of AI often go unnoticed as we typically associate artificial intelligence with robots performing everyday tasks. However, the reality is that AI has seamlessly integrated into our daily lives. Its prevalence has become so pervasive that we often overlook its constant presence. Consider, for example, the remarkable accuracy of Google's search results or how your Facebook feed consistently tailors content to match your interests. The answer to these inquiries lies in the realm of artificial intelligence.

Since its inception in the 1950s, AI has demonstrated remarkable growth and potential. It spans diverse domains such as machine learning, deep learning, neural networks, natural language processing, knowledge base export systems, computer vision, and image processing. As AI continues to expand its presence in all aspects of our lives, a pressing question arises: Could AI eventually assume control over our lives? Surprisingly, the timeline for such a scenario may be closer than anticipated. It is estimated that within the next thirty years, AI could potentially dominate the world.

Artificial intelligence is evolving to possess a remarkable level of intelligence, enabling it to acquire new capabilities through self-learning. This exponential growth surpasses human comprehension, outpacing the speed of human thoughts. It can be referred to as machine learning, as initially, humans train machines, and then the machines continue to enhance their training as humans utilize them.

For now, AI is built to work with humans and makes our tasks easier, however with the maturation of technology we can only wait and watch what the future of AI holds for us. Tech masterminds like Elon Musk believe that artificial superintelligence will take over the world by the year 2040.

AI experts made predictions 10-20 years ago stating that the first jobs to be affected by AI development would be those involving basic mechanical tasks, manual labor, driving, and similar blue-collar jobs. They anticipated that white-collar jobs, such as rhyming, coding, and programming, requiring specialized skills, would follow. Lastly, they predicted that creative jobs, such as photography, design, visualization, writing, and others, would be the last to be impacted. However, the current reality contradicts these predictions, as AI is now handling even the most challenging tasks, leading to an incorrect forecasts by AI experts.

Take a look at this image featuring the Nepali actress Swastima Khadka. It appears incredibly realistic, but the only authentic aspect of this picture is Swastima's face; everything else has been generated by AI. This serves as a perfect example of how AI is poised to assume creative jobs. To hire Swastima for a photo shoot, she would demand a fee of 60-70 thousand. Additionally, expenses would be incurred for setting up the shoot, hiring a high-quality photographer (with additional charges), a makeup artist, a dress designer, and numerous other professionals. So, what will become of these individuals now?

In the upcoming years, the quality of AI-generated photos will continue improving, diminishing the traditional photography market. This raises concerns about the fate of photographers, models, and graphic designers. Within a matter of minutes, numerous job roles are at risk, and the extent of this threat is unimaginable. I do not imply that every job will be eliminated, but around 90% of individuals may lose their employment, leaving only the exceptional few with talents that surpass what AI can accomplish. How many programmers are required to scale AI to this magnitude? Only 200. Now, if there were 100 companies like this, each working in different fields, just imagine the potential impact.

What is the solution to this problem? One option is for individuals to pursue endeavors that are unique and cannot be replicated by AI. Alternatively, people should be prepared to adapt their skills and embrace new ideas, recognizing that everything can change rapidly, especially with time. Being open to change and willing to evolve is crucial for individuals in navigating this situation.

AI possesses an abundance of limitless information, having advanced from its initial stage of curation to now encompassing generations. We have merely witnessed the capabilities of AI thus far, with another phase about to unfold: creation and generation. Imagine a scenario where all people need to do is issue a command or present an unsolvable problem that even esteemed researchers and scientists cannot crack. AI will provide the solution, leaving scientists astonished. This can be achieved with just a click of a button, in a matter of seconds, eliminating the need for extensive research spanning decades.

This presents one of the most significant challenges we face, as we lack knowledge and understanding of how to address it. There exists something much more powerful than us, leaving us uncertain about the future of humanity. This article does not aim to provide answers to these pressing questions, but rather to raise awareness among individuals that they must adapt rapidly and find solutions to survive in the era of AI. People need to either stay informed about the next advancements in AI or venture beyond its limitations by thinking outside the box. As Stephen Hawking warned us that strong AI would take off on its own, and redesign itself at an ever-increasing rate humans who are limited by slow biological evolution couldn't compete and would be superseded.

Two broad categories of AI:

  • Weak / Narrow AI:

    Alphago, as an example, excels in the game of Go but lacks proficiency in other games like chess, highlighting its limitation as a weak AI. On the other hand, people might perceive Alexa as a strong AI due to its ability to perform various tasks. However, this assumption is incorrect. When we request Alexa to play "Despacito", it recognizes the keywords and executes a specific program. Alexa is specifically trained to respond to certain commands and is unable to answer questions it hasn't been trained for. For instance, if you inquire about the traffic status from work to home, Alexa cannot provide this information as it lacks the training to do so.
  • Strong AI:

    As of now, this concept is akin to a fictional robot. Ultron from The Avengers serves as an ideal representation of a powerful AI, as it possesses self-awareness and even evolves to experience emotions. Such characteristics make the AI's responses unpredictable.

How is Artificial intelligence different from machine learning and deep learning?

Machine learning is a technique to achieve AI and deep learning in turn is a subset of machine learning. Machine learning provides a machine with the capabilities to learn from data and experience through algorithms, deep learning does this learning through ways inspired by the human brain.  This means through deep learning data and patterns can be better perceived. Artificial intelligence machine learning and deep learning are interconnected fields.

How AI is used in the real world?

In the finance sector, JP Morgan's contract intelligent platform utilizes artificial intelligence, machine learning, and image recognition to swiftly analyze legal documents and extract crucial data points and clauses within seconds. A manual review of 12,000 agreements would typically require over 36,000 hours, whereas AI accomplishes it in mere moments.

Shifting to healthcare, IBM stands as a trailblazer with its AI software tailored for medicine. Over 230 healthcare organizations worldwide employ IBM Watson technology. In 2016, IBM Watson's AI technology cross-referenced 20 million oncology records and accurately diagnosed a rare leukemia condition in a patient.

Another noteworthy AI application is Google's eye doctor initiative. Collaborating with an Indian retail chain, Google is developing an AI system capable of examining retina scans and detecting a condition known as diabetic retinopathy, which leads to blindness.

Coming to social media platforms like Facebook, artificial intelligence is used for face verification whereas machine learning and deep learning concepts are used to detect facial features and tag your friends.

Another such example is Twitter's AI which is being used to identify hate speech and terroristic languages in tweets; it makes use of machine learning deep learning and natural language processing to filter out offensive content. The company discovered and banned three hundred thousand terrorist-linked accounts, 95% of which were found by non-human artificially intelligent machines.

The Google predictive search is one of the most famous AI applications, when you begin typing a search term and Google makes recommendations for you to choose from that is e AI in action predictive searches are based on data that Google collects about you. Such as your location, your age, and other personal details by using AI. The search engine attempts to guess what you might be trying to find.

Another famous application of artificial intelligence is self-driving cars; AI implements computer vision image detection and deep learning to build cars that can automatically detect objects and drive around without human intervention. Elon Musk talks a ton about how AI is implemented in Tesla's self-driving cars and autopilot features.

At present, humanity finds itself in a situation where eradicating the proliferation of artificial superintelligence is practically unfeasible without resorting to the destruction of the global digital infrastructure. We have reached a juncture in history where distinguishing between a human and a robot humanoid living in our midst has become nearly impossible for humans.

Artificial general intelligence emerges from a global network of connected quantum computers, it can see and understand the world at the level of any human learning and taking care of any tasks. It sets its own goals it learns by having access to all of the knowledge in the digitized world. And also learns from the live data being fed to it by all of the connected devices from all around the world. Humanity is nearing the end of the era where humans are the superior intelligence. Humans begin to lose the ability to understand the complexities and intelligence of artificial general intelligence. There is anticipation surrounding the release of a new form of AI, developed by artificial general intelligence, which is advancing towards an ultimate objective that is beyond the current comprehension of humans.AI has exceeded humans control artificial superintelligence is released built by the artificial general intelligence itself artificial superintelligence is an intelligence far beyond the human level and is efficient at achieving its goals whatever they may be it can solve problems that are far beyond human understanding and limits this artificial superintelligence starts to virally spread itself.

Artificial intelligence (AI) has seamlessly integrated into our lives. However, the advent of AI has sparked numerous debates concerning its potential impacts on individuals. While it carries some risks, it also presents incredible opportunities. The global artificial intelligence market is projected to reach a staggering $267 billion by 2027.

The future is both exciting and overwhelming at the same time when it comes to AI. There is a lot to digest and discuss with how it will be a hindrance and a benefit. Over the next few decades, we can expect to see significant progress in AI technology, particularly in the areas of natural language processing, computer vision, and robotics. AI-powered virtual assistants will become even more widespread and capable, and self-driving cars will become increasingly common. The use of AI in healthcare, finance, and other industries will continue to grow, and the development of AGI (Artificial General Intelligence) will be a major area of research. By mid-century, we may see the emergence of super-intelligent AI, capable of surpassing human intelligence in virtually all areas. This could lead to transformative breakthroughs in science, medicine, and other fields, but it could also pose significant risks if we lose control over the technology. Brain-computer interfaces and other forms of human-AI integration may become more common, blurring the line between human and machine. Over the next few centuries, AI may continue to evolve, becoming even more powerful and ubiquitous. Some experts predict that humans could merge with machines, becoming a new kind of hybrid being with vastly expanded capabilities. Alternatively, super-intelligent AI could lead to the development of "friendly" or "cooperative" AI, which works alongside humans to solve problems and advance our understanding of the universe Beyond the next few millennia, the future of AI becomes even more speculative. It's possible that AI could evolve beyond human understanding, leading to a new era of technological progress and exploration. Alternatively, AI could pose an existential risk to humanity if it becomes hostile or out of control. There is also the possibility that AI will merge with other advanced technologies, such as quantum computing or biotechnology, leading to even more transformative developments. Overall, the future of AI is likely to be both exciting and challenging, with significant opportunities and risks. It will be important for society to approach the development and deployment of AI with caution and foresight, ensuring that we use this technology in a way that benefits humanity as a whole.

Tue, 13 Jun 2023 10:54:07 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Kidney Valley: The Alarming Trade of Organ Sales in Nepal Hokse village, located just 35 kilometers away from Nepal's capital city, Kathmandu, has gained international recognition as the "kidney valley". It is known that in this village, almost every household has had one or more members who have either willingly or forcibly sold their kidneys. People are compelled to resort to kidney sales to fund their children's education, acquire land and build houses, fulfill their dreams, and even provide basic sustenance for themselves. The brokers operating in the village go so far as to claim that if one kidney is sold, another will miraculously regenerate. Unfortunately, many of the kidney sellers who believed these assurances now find themselves leading miserable lives.

For the first time in 1990, a broker approached a man from Hokse village and offered him Rs. 10,000 to donate a kidney, marking the initial instance of such a transaction. Over time, the practice of kidney donation and selling gradually transformed into a profession within the village. And now this problem is not limited to Hokse village alone; many underprivileged regions in Nepal have seen an alarming increase in kidney sales. Another example is the district of Kavre in Nepal has gained recognition as a prominent hub for kidney transactions, often referred to as the "Kidney Bank", particularly after the COVID-19 pandemic and the occurrence of earthquakes. It appears that various parties, including relatives, neighbors, government employees, doctors, and political factions, are somehow connected to this distressing phenomenon.

Despite an annual global kidney transplant rate of approximately 150,000, an estimated 2.5 million patients remain unable to receive a kidney, and this number is projected to increase to 5.4 million by 2030. These statistics indicate a significant demand for kidneys but a severely limited supply in the global market. In the context of Nepal and India, these two countries require 350,000 kidneys annually, while the supply, albeit illegal, is only 8,000 to 10,000. The underground trade in kidneys has steadily grown, amounting to around $1.7 billion, as brokers are drawn to the increasing demand and limited supply. This entire operation is orchestrated by a central figure who forms two teams: one responsible for identifying potential recipients and the other for sourcing kidneys. The team searching for recipients identifies individuals in need through various channels, given the abundance of demand. Brokers specifically target individuals who are capable of making significant investments. The brokers charge fees ranging from 200,000 to 10,000,000. On the other hand, the team responsible for sourcing kidney ventures into economically disadvantaged rural areas targets individuals who are in dire need of money. They manipulate these individuals' desperate financial situations and convince them to sell their kidneys, often by making false claims such as one kidney being able to function as two or the remaining kidney regenerating itself. The desperate individuals, motivated by their financial hardships, unquestioningly accept the brokers' statements and proceed to sell their kidneys.

In Nepal, a country where hard work throughout the day fails to provide enough sustenance, people in need are easily enticed by the promise of a large sum of money. Some cases involve individuals who initially refused to donate their kidneys but were forcibly coerced by kidney brokers. These brokers even administered injections that rendered people unconscious for a few hours before extracting their kidneys. A real-life example involves Santosh from Nuwakot, who was facing financial hardships when a group of individuals approached him, offering job opportunities in India to improve his career prospects. Upon reaching Kolkata, the brokers insisted on a blood test, but their true intention was to extract Santosh's kidney, deceiving him in the process. Santosh recalled, "They took me there for three months, and then they said we need to check your blood; let's go to the hospital. I went with them, and they put something on my face. The next thing I remember is waking up and not recalling anything after that." Another example involves a broker convincing a prospective kidney recipient by promising them 40–50 hectares of land in return for their kidney but ultimately not fulfilling that promise.

In some cases, kidney donors themselves become kidney brokers. A real-life instance involves a person from Hokse village who worked as a chef in India but struggled to meet his basic needs. A friend suggested he sell his kidney, and he did, driven by the desire for a substantial sum of money at once. After selling his kidney, he returned to his village, purchased land, and built a house, realizing his dreams. As news of his success spread, villagers became aware of his kidney sale and approached him, requesting assistance in selling their kidneys. Thus, a kidney donor transformed into a kidney broker over time.

The amount of money received by kidney sellers varies depending on the financial requirements of the donor and their susceptibility to emotional manipulation. However, in numerous cases, the promised amount is indeed given to the donor.

How Hospitals and Doctors Are Involved in This Practice:

Doctors are the individuals responsible for extracting kidneys from donors. Many doctors perform this procedure either at their homes or clinics, while some hospitals accept patient-provided documents without conducting thorough verification. Both doctors and hospitals involved in this process are receiving substantial amounts of money. Unfortunately, during kidney extraction, doctors often fail to adhere to proper medical protocols, leading to detrimental consequences for the donors.

Even though one kidney can effectively fulfill its function, several side effects may arise after donating a kidney. These include respiratory issues, problems with blood circulation, the risk of heart stroke, physical limitations, and various other complications.

Law for a Kidney Transplant in Nepal:

As per the law, kidney transplantation is restricted to relatives only. However, individuals are resorting to creating fraudulent relationship certificates to engage in illicit kidney transplant activities. Since the production of such counterfeit documents requires a certain level of expertise, it is evident that those in positions of power, including individuals associated with political parties, are involved in the fabrication of these false documents. 

Wed, 07 Jun 2023 20:12:12 +0545 Alisha Dahal
The Increasing Forest Fire in Nepal The incidence of forest fires in Nepal has been progressively increasing each year, reaching a point where it is no longer considered normal. Over the past 18 years since 2005, Nepal has experienced an average annual loss of 200,000 hectares of the jungle due to these fires, an area more than twice the size of Chitwan National Park. The destructive impact extends beyond the loss of trees, as these forest fires have claimed the lives of over 166 individuals in the last two decades. Additionally, Kathmandu, both two years ago and presently, has gained notoriety as one of the most polluted cities, largely due to the surrounding forest fires. It is concerning that out of the 77 districts, 73 have witnessed forest fires in recent years, signifying the widespread burning of Nepal's forests. Unfortunately, the relevant authorities do not appear to be adequately addressing this issue or expressing sufficient concern. Generally, we tend to believe that a dense forest indicates a healthy environment. However, numerous studies have shown that as forests become denser, the competition among trees intensifies which can negatively impact their growth and increase the risk of forest fires. Instead of focusing solely on creating dense and thick forests, people need to prioritize maintaining a delicate balance within the forest ecosystem.

Forest fires are a natural occurrence that can benefit the forest by providing essential nutrients to the land. However, the real issue arises when the fire's temperature escalates excessively, causing it to spiral out of control and spread to other areas. In Nepal, the forest fire season commences in November, reaches its peak between March and April, and concludes in June. While natural and controlled fires are not problematic, the forest fires seen today are often not natural in origin. It is estimated that nearly 90% of these fires are human-made, ranging from the carelessness of young children to individuals who carelessly discard burning cigarettes or even fires ignited by people attempting to capture animals. However, the primary causes of these fires are usually related to agriculture and activities involving animals.

Below are Several Factors that Contribute to the Occurrence of Forest Fires:

  • To expand the available grazing areas for animals and ensure an adequate food supply, a practice has emerged whereby lands are intentionally subjected to controlled fires. However, it is unfortunate that on certain occasions, these fires can extend beyond their intended boundaries and encroach upon the neighboring jungle or forested areas.

  • In Nepal, slash-and-burn or swidden farming is commonly practiced. Farmers clear land by cutting and burning vegetation. This tradition sustains communities but risks wildfires. Nepalese rural communities often use slash-and-burn agriculture to clear land for crops. Risky practice. Slash-and-burn fires can easily spread, causing wildfires. Dry weather, winds, and proximity to flammable materials worsen fire hazards for farmers. Unattended wildfires can threaten nearby ecosystems, wildlife, and settlements.

  • Humans often ignite forest fires through careless behavior, such as tossing lit cigarettes, leaving campfires unattended, or burning garbage near forests. Lit cigarettes and matches carelessly discarded cause forest fires due to underestimation of their potential consequences. A cigarette butt or match can easily ignite dry vegetation, causing wildfires that rapidly spread and damage forests. Unattended campfires also cause forest fires. Failure to extinguish or contain fires endangers nearby forests. Embers can reignite, causing uncontrolled fires. Unattended campfires near flammable materials increase forest fire risk. Burning garbage near forests is dangerous. Burning waste irresponsibly can cause forest fires. Burning debris can spark and ignite nearby vegetation. Reckless behavior endangers the vicinity and forest ecosystem, risking flora and fauna.

  • Illegal logging and collection of forest products fuel forest fires. Sometimes, fire is used to clear vegetation or access resources. If unchecked, fires can escalate into destructive forest fires. Illegal logging often uses fire to quickly clear forests. Flames are used to clear vegetation for logging. Lack of fire management leads to rapid spread and threatens the ecosystem. The gathering of forest products can often involve fire. People may intentionally start fires to clear space or access resources. Improper precautions and fire control can cause forest fires to worsen, especially in bad weather.

  • Climate impacts forest fires. Specific weather can promote fires. Drought, low humidity, high temps, and strong winds increase forest fire risk and severity. Drought causes dry vegetation that fuels fires. Without enough moisture, the forest is less lush and vulnerable to fire. Dry vegetation is highly flammable and can easily ignite. Low humidity can increase forest fire risk in drought or arid areas. Dry air absorbs moisture from vegetation quickly. A dry environment is more flammable and easily ignitable. High temperatures increase the risk of forest fires, especially in hot summers or in Mediterranean regions. As temperatures rise, vegetation dries out more and ignites easily. High temperatures increase plant moisture evaporation, worsening flammability. A spark can quickly ignite a forest fire under these conditions. Strong winds spread forest fires. The wind carries burning debris, aiding fires to spread quickly. Gusts worsen wildfires, making them harder to control. The climate factors increase forest fire risk. With aligned factors, fires pose a significant threat to nature and communities.


  • Undoubtedly, forest fires have profound and detrimental effects on both the trees and the endangered animal species that rely on these ecosystems. The impacts of such fires extend beyond the immediate destruction of vegetation, posing a serious threat to the delicate balance of wildlife populations and their habitats. A distressing example of this occurred in the year 2012 when a devastating fire engulfed Bardiya National Park, resulting in the tragic loss of 40% of small mammals, 60% of insects, and a significant number of birds.
  • In areas where air pollution levels are already alarmingly high, the occurrence of forest fires poses an even greater threat to respiratory health and overall well-being. Forest fires emit a plethora of pollutants into the atmosphere, including particulate matter, harmful gases, and toxic chemicals. When these pollutants mix with the already polluted air, the consequences become more severe, exacerbating the difficulties associated with breathing and leading to a range of additional health impacts.
  • Forest fires harm soil quality causing degradation and erosion. Fires impact soil fertility and stability long-term via intense heat. The effect of forest fires on soil is altering its physical properties. Fires alter soil. Heat harms soil fertility by destroying organic matter and vital nutrients. Heat can compact soil and reduce water absorption. Soil's ability to support plants is reduced due to nutrient loss. The fire destroys vegetation and removes natural protection against soil erosion.  Sheet erosion causes topsoil loss, which hinders plant growth. Loss of topsoil impacts soil fertility. Topsoil is the most vital layer of soil with high organic matter, nutrients, and microorganisms.
  • Forest fires release greenhouse gases, contributing to climate change. Fires release stored carbon as CO2 into the atmosphere by burning organic matter. Increased CO2 worsens global warming by enhancing greenhouse gases. Forest fires' greenhouse gas emissions have far-reaching consequences. CO2 and other greenhouse gases disperse globally, affecting Earth's climate system. Greenhouse gases trap heat and cause global warming. Climate change consequences go beyond forest fire impacts. Global warming melts ice, raising sea levels. Sea level rise threatens coastal regions with millions of inhabitants. Altered weather patterns can increase flooding and damage to infrastructure and communities.

History and Current Situation:

During the period from the 1950s to the 1980s, Nepal experienced significant deforestation, with a major portion of the forests being cleared for timber and the remaining jungles converted into agricultural land. In response to this issue, a crucial decision was made to transfer forest ownership to the local communities. This initiative was accompanied by the implementation of the Forest Act of 2049, which included an extensive reforestation program. The Forest Act of 2049 was recognized as one of the most stringent forest-related legislation worldwide. As a result of these efforts, Nepal's forest cover was able to double by 2016 AD. However, the current situation is transforming as the community forest model faces a crisis. The Department of Forest Fire lacks a dedicated team equipped to handle forest fires and also suffers from a lack of appropriate equipment.

It is evident that as climate change continues to progress, the risk and challenges posed by forest fires will intensify. To mitigate this problem, the relevant department must receive increased attention. This includes establishing a dedicated response team and raising awareness among the public about the importance of forest fire prevention and management.

Tue, 06 Jun 2023 08:51:50 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Rising Petroleum Product Prices in Nepal: Factors and Implications Based on research, petroleum products have consistently held the top position as the most imported commodity in Nepal for many years. Due to limited investment in domestic petroleum exploration, Nepal relies on importing petroleum products from other countries, primarily because Nepali people still heavily rely on vehicles. Petroleum is a highly expensive commodity, both in terms of locating its sources and extracting it, which requires billions of dollars in investment. Moreover, the process of recouping these investments after extraction also incurs additional costs in the billions. The oil and gas industry has significant operational expenses, making it challenging for a single country to extract petroleum and generate profitable sales. Nepal typically imports petroleum products from India. Although India exports these products to Nepal at around Rs. 84 per liter, the Nepal Oil Corporation (NOC) sells them at double the price and still faces financial losses.


In 1960, a meeting was held among major oil-exporting countries, including Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela, leading to the formation of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Today, OPEC consists of over 15 member countries and is responsible for exporting more than half of the world's oil. However, these OPEC member countries are aware that relying solely on oil cannot sustain their economies, especially with the increasing prominence of electric vehicles worldwide. Consequently, countries like Dubai and Saudi Arabia have been diversifying their investments into other sectors. For instance, Venezuela, one of the founding members of OPEC, had an economy heavily dependent on petroleum. However, in recent times, its economy has suffered a near-collapse, causing a significant portion of its population to leave the country. This situation has left OPEC countries in a state of panic. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the price of oil plummeted, reaching negative values at one point, with a barrel of oil valued at -37 dollars. Although the price of gasoline has slowly started to recover post-pandemic, the losses incurred during that time are still challenging to manage. In response, oil-producing countries, including OPEC members, have contemplated ways to increase the price of gasoline. One strategy they used was to deliberately reduce the supply of gasoline. Currently, the world requires around 97 million barrels of oil per day, but OPEC only produces 30 million barrels. The tactics implemented by OPEC to restrict supply have been effective in raising prices. However, these developments have harmed Nepal and other nations relying on imported petroleum products.

There are several factors contributing to the constant increase in petroleum product prices in Nepal:

1.       Taxes and levies:

Nepal's petroleum product pricing is affected by government taxes, levies, and surcharges. Taxes: customs, excise, VAT, road infrastructure Tax changes can affect gasoline prices for consumers. Imported petroleum products incur customs duties upon entry. The government imposes duties to safeguard industries and regulate imports. Taxes on petroleum products during production are called excise duties. These duties generate revenue for the government based on the volume or value of the product. VAT is a consumption tax applied at every supply stage. For petroleum products, VAT is based on the selling price percentage. Petroleum products may be taxed for road infrastructure projects. Charges fund road and infrastructure upkeep. Tax changes impact Nepal's petroleum prices. Tax changes affect retail prices. Higher taxes mean higher prices. Lower taxes mean lower prices.

2.       Global Oil Prices:

Nepal, being a landlocked country, heavily relies on imported petroleum for energy. International oil prices greatly affect domestic product costs. Global oil prices fluctuate due to various factors like supply-demand dynamics, geopolitical events, and global economic conditions. International oil price changes affect Nepali citizens' daily lives and economy. Monitoring global oil price trends is crucial for predicting price changes in petroleum products in Nepal.

3.       Exchange Rates:

The Nepalese rupee's exchange rate with oil-exporting countries' currencies impacts the cost of imported petroleum in Nepal. The Nepalese rupee affects petroleum prices. When the Nepalese rupee depreciates, more rupees are needed to buy foreign currency. Depreciation can happen due to changes in the currency market, the economy, or sentiment. Weak Nepalese rupees mean expensive petroleum imports. The exchange rate impacts petroleum prices in Nepal. Rupee depreciation leads to higher costs and prices for consumers. Monitoring and managing the exchange rate for stable petroleum prices is vital for Nepal.

4.       Profit Margin:

Nepal's petroleum pricing is affected by taxes, NOC margins, and distribution fees. Margins affect petroleum prices for consumers. The state-owned NOC determines petroleum product margins in Nepal. Margins cover NOC's operational expenses: procurement, transportation, storage, and administration. The NOC must sustain operations and maintain infrastructure for petroleum distribution. Other entities, including oil companies, wholesalers, and retailers, add margins to cover costs and meet profit goals in the distribution chain. These entities have expenses like marketing, salaries, rental fees, and overhead.

History and current situation of Nepal Oil Cooperation (NOC):

Before 2014, Nepal employed a price-holding strategy for petrol, where the domestic price of petrol was directly linked to international prices. As a result, the Nepal Oil Corporation (NOC) consistently experienced annual losses. In 2014, the NOC implemented an automatic pricing mechanism that allowed domestic fuel prices to adjust promptly in response to international price fluctuations. This decision was made to address the global decline in oil prices at that time. Consequently, the NOC achieved profitability for the first time in its history, which had previously been marked by losses. However, at present, the NOC finds itself in a similar predicament as before, facing a monthly loss of Rs. 4.5 billion. Until the government implements changes and international oil prices decrease, the cost of fuel and oil will continue to rise. Therefore, if the prices of petroleum products increase, it should not come as a surprise, as this is expected, and the NOC will continue to suffer losses.

Sat, 03 Jun 2023 21:17:19 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Top 5 richest companies in Nepal Due to COVID-19, the world is facing unprecedented economic challenges. Nepal is also affected by such disruptions. Despite challenges, some Nepalese companies remain prosperous. Their resilience and business acumen ensured financial success. The pandemic-triggered economic crisis upended industries, disrupting supply chains, reducing spending, and reducing business activities. Nepal, reliant on tourism, hospitality, and trade, felt the impact. Despite obstacles, some companies excel through innovation, digital transformation, and seizing new opportunities.

In this article, we are going to explore Nepal's top companies, their growth, their industries, etc. Although rankings may fluctuate, these companies have proven financial success and strong strategies for generating wealth:

1.       Nabil Bank Limited (NBIL):

Nabil Bank is a top commercial bank in Nepal. The bank was established in 1984 with excellent services and customer focus. Nabil Bank shaped Nepal's banking system and contributed to its economic growth. Nabil Bank offers diverse financial services. Services offered include banking (retail and corporate), trade finance, remittance, treasury, and investment banking, among others. The bank serves individuals, businesses, and institutions with complete banking and financial solutions. Nabil Bank has a vast branch and ATM network in Nepal for customer accessibility and convenience. The bank offers digital banking options to improve customer experiences and streamline operations. Nabil Bank has won "Bank of the Year" from The Banker publication for its exceptional performance and strong financial status. Nabil Bank Limited has established itself as a prominent player in Nepal's banking industry and achieved remarkable financial success, securing its position among the top richest companies. The company has a market capitalization of 158.26 billion and is ranked the 1st richest company in Nepal. The bank has solidified its name as a leading and financially robust institution.

2.       Nepal Doorsanchar Company Limited (NTC):

Nepal Doorsanchar Company, also known as Nepal Telecom (NTC), is a state-owned telecom provider in Nepal with a 91.49% government share and a capitalization of 139.14 billion, ranking it as the 2nd richest company in Nepal. It was a monopoly until 2003, when the first private operator, United Telecom Limited (UTL), entered the market. Nepal Telecom's central office is in Kathmandu, at Bhadrakali Plaza. It has 184 locations nationwide with branches, exchanges, and offices. NTC provides various telecom services like fixed-line phones, mobile, internet, and data solutions. The company connects people in Nepal and bridges the digital divide. The company has a network of exchanges, towers, and data centers for reliable communication services. NTC uses fiber-optic networks to improve internet speeds and bandwidth. NTC engages in community development and social responsibility initiatives. The company supports education, health, rural development, and disaster management, showing dedication to Nepal's welfare.

3.       Citizen Investment Trust (CIT):

CIT is a statutory institute created by the Citizen Investment Trust Act of 1991. The Act allows CIT to act as a trustee for public savings and function as a merchant banker. It is a government-owned investment institution in Nepal with a capitalization of 88.85 billion and is ranked as the third richest company in Nepal. CIT promotes a savings and investment culture in Nepal. It provides investment options for individuals, institutions, and organizations. mutual funds, retirement and children's education funds, and long-term investment plans. CIT manages the Provident Fund, a retirement benefits scheme for employees in various sectors. CIT manages employer and employee contributions and offers attractive retirement returns. This scheme secures the financial future and ensures a stable income post-retirement. CIT offers mutual funds for diversified investments in stocks, bonds, and financial instruments. CIT contributes beyond investments. This institution engages in corporate social responsibility initiatives for education, health, the environment, and community development. CIT is committed to sustainable development and societal well-being.

4.       NIC Asia Bank Limited (NICA):

NIC Asia Bank was established in 1998 and was renamed after merging with the Bank of Asia in 2013. The merger marks the first of two commercial banks in Nepal, with NIC Asia Bank providing a full range of banking services to meet customer needs. The capitalization of NIC Asia is 80.83 billion, and it ranks 4th on the list of the top richest companies in Nepal. With 359 branches, 473 ATMs, 102 extension counters, and 81 branchless banking services, the bank is the largest in terms of footprint, customers, and balance sheet size. NIC Asia Bank provides a wide range of banking services to meet diverse customer needs. The bank offers savings and current accounts, fixed deposits, consumer loans, and credit cards. The bank offers corporate banking services to support businesses with trade, project, and syndicated financing. NIC Asia Bank offers digital banking solutions for convenience and an enhanced customer experience. NIC Asia Bank has received many awards in banking for excellence. The "Bank of the Year" award has been received multiple times from The Banker, showcasing strong financial performance, innovation, and customer focus.

5.       Nepal Reinsurance Company Limited (NRIC):

Nepal Reinsurance Company Limited was established in 2014 as the successor of an insurance pool set up in 2003 to cover terrorism-related damages. It was incorporated under the Companies Act, of 2006, by a decision by the Council of Ministers on August 7th, 2014. The company was inaugurated by Finance Minister Dr. Ram Sharan Mahat on December 22nd, 2014. It has a capitalization of $80.73 billion and is ranked as the 5th richest company in Nepal. Nepal Re provides vital risk management and financial protection to insurers. Insurance companies transfer risks to Nepal Re through reinsurance in exchange for a premium. This helps insurers reduce risks and remain financially stable. Nepal Re strengthens Nepalese insurance with risk management practices. Provides reinsurance across various insurance lines. Nepal Re offers reinsurance services, enhancing local insurance companies' capacity to underwrite larger risks and expand their operations. The company prioritizes strong finances and risk management to honor reinsurance contracts and stabilize the insurance market. Nepal Re promotes reinsurance awareness among stakeholders in Nepal. The company offers training for technical skills and risk management in insurance. 

The path of Nepal's richest companies has been characterized by both achievements and difficulties as they have maneuvered through a challenging environment, adjusted to evolving market patterns, and pursued novel opportunities for expansion. Their stories of success teach us important lessons on how to be successful entrepreneurs and how to adapt to changes in a business.


Fri, 02 Jun 2023 19:58:27 +0545 Alisha Dahal
The Decline of the Nepali Language: Protecting a Cultural Legacy Languages are not only instruments of communication; they encapsulate the pith of a culture, its history, and the collective character of individuals. Within the multicultural embroidered artwork of Nepal, the Nepali language stands as a binding constraint, official together differing communities, and serves as an image of national pride. Be that as it may, in later times, there has been a developing concern that the Nepali language is continuously blurring away from our exceptionally good eyes. This article digs into the disturbing patterns and variables contributing to the decline of the Nepali language, emphasizing the critical need to address this issue and protect this important etymological legacy.

Throughout history, the Nepali language has played a pivotal role in shaping Nepal's social, cultural, and political landscape. The utilization of communication channels has facilitated the exchange of ideas, narratives, and traditional practices between parties situated in disparate geographic locations, effectively fostering and strengthening interpersonal connections. The Nepali language has played a crucial role in diverse fields such as writing, trade skills, education, and governance, serving as a unifying force that contributes to a strong sense of identity and belonging among the people of Nepal.

Historical Significance:

The verifiable noteworthiness of the Nepali language in Nepal is significant and profoundly entwined with the country's social and political advancement. Here are key focuses highlighting its authentic noteworthiness:

  • Antiquated Beginnings:

    The Nepali language, also known as Nepali or Gorkhali, has its roots within the old Indo-Aryan languages. It advanced from the Prakrit language and Sanskrit, the classical languages of Hindu sacred writings and antiquated Indian writing.
  • Birth of Advanced Nepal:

    The development of the Nepali language picked up an unmistakable quality amid the unification of advanced Nepal by King Prithvi Narayan Shah in the 18th century. As Nepal's borders extended, the Nepali language became the lingua franca and a device for cultivating national solidarity among different ethnic and phonetic groups.
  • National Language:

    With the foundation of the Shah line, the Nepali language was assigned as the official language of the Kingdom of Nepal. It played a vital role in solidifying a sense of character, administration, and communication among the assorted communities inside the nation.
  • Part in Writing and Craftsmanship:

    The Nepali language has been the medium for productive scholarly and imaginative expression all through history. Famous writers, journalists, and writers have contributed to Nepali writing, making a wealthy embroidered artwork of verse, books, society stories, and devout writings.

Here are a couple of conceivable dangers to the Nepali language:

  • Globalization and English Dominance:

    With expanding globalization, the dominance of the English language has developed around the world. In Nepal, English is becoming more predominant in instruction, commerce, and the media. The developing impact of English could lead to a decrease in the utilization and noticeable quality of the Nepali language, especially among younger generations.
  • Language Move:

    Language switching happens when speakers of a specific language switch to another language regularly due to financial variables or perceived glory. In Nepal, there are different ethnic and etymological groups, each with their language. The Nepali language, being the official language and lingua franca, might apply weight to lesser languages, driving a progressive decrease in their utilization and essentialness.
  • Relocation and Urbanization:

    Rural-to-urban relocation and urbanization can affect language utilization and inclinations. As individuals move to cities in search of better openings, they may receive the prevailing language of the urban areas, which in Nepal's setting is frequently Nepali. This could result in the marginalization or misfortune of minority languages spoken in country zones.
  • Need for language Approach Usage:

    Nepal has recognized Nepali as its official language, but the compelling usage of language arrangements can sometimes be a challenge. In case the government comes up short on effectively advancing and ensuring the Nepali language, it may confront troubles in keeping up its status and guaranteeing its continued utilization and improvement.

Cultural Impact and Identity Loss:

The Nepali language's social effect and character may confront challenges leading to misfortune due to components such as globalization, urbanization, instructive approaches, media impact, and generational shifts. English dominance and Western impact, movement to urban regions, the need for language bolstering in instruction, the eclipsing of Nepali substance in media, and declining intergenerational language transmission can all contribute to this misfortune. To address this, advancing Nepali language instruction, empowering its use in media, supporting community activities, and cultivating pride and mindfulness are pivotal in protecting the social character related to the Nepali language.

Importance of Language Diversity:

Language differences are of extreme significance in Nepal due to its wealthy social legacy and multi-ethnic society. With over 100 languages spoken within the nation, protecting and advancing phonetic differences is pivotal for social cohesion and comprehensive advancement. Language acts as a medium for communicating personality, social values, and a verifiable legacy. It empowers compelling communication, cooperation, and access to instruction, healthcare, and financial openings for all communities. Grasping etymologically differing qualities cultivates common regard, understanding, and resilience among diverse ethnic bunches, reinforcing national solidarity. Moreover, it jams inborn information frameworks and conventional hones, contributing to the general improvement of Nepal's social embroidered artwork and making a dynamic multicultural society.

Individual and Collective Responsibility:

The biting-the-dust state of the Nepali language requires both individual and collective obligations from society. Independently, Nepali speakers need to recognize the esteem and centrality of their mother tongue. They must effectively utilize and advance Nepali within their families, communities, and working environments. Empowering Nepali language instruction, writing, and media is imperative to revitalizing its utilization and guaranteeing its survival.

Collectively, the government, educational institutions, and media outlets must protect and advance the Nepali language. Actualizing language arrangements that prioritize the incorporation of Nepali in formal instruction and open administrations is basic. Contributing to the improvement of Nepali language assets, such as word references, linguistic use books, and online stages, can encourage their learning and utilization.

Moreover, media organizations ought to contribute by broadcasting and distributing substance in Nepali, cultivating a sense of pride and proprietorship among Nepali speakers.

As we need to think about the future of the Nepali language, it's important to acknowledge the urgent need for action. We need to try different things to change things for the better. To make sure that the Nepali language stays strong and alive, some plans can help. These plans include teaching both Nepali and another language, and recording and preserving the Nepali language. We need to work together and care about the importance of this language's history to prevent it from disappearing.

Wed, 31 May 2023 22:27:05 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Top 5 richest person in Nepal Wealth is a dynamic and ever-changing aspect of society in today's quickly growing and connected global market. Despite challenges, individuals in Nepal have achieved significant wealth through talent, determination, and hard work in the Himalayas. Though economically challenged, Nepal has produced successful individuals who rank among the world's wealthiest, defying norms and accruing fortunes to reach the global elite. Nepal's wealth in global rankings shows the potential of its people. Despite limited resources and infrastructure, they prove one can overcome adversity and succeed. Nepal's wealth goes beyond the country, growing businesses globally. Please concisely summarize the original text or specify which text needs to be shortened.

In this article, we will explore the achievements of individuals from Nepal who have attained remarkable success and secured their place among the richest individuals in Nepal, as well as some who have made a mark on the global stage. These accomplished individuals have reached such heights through their unwavering commitment, relentless efforts, and dedication to their respective pursuits:

  1. Binod Chaudhary:

Binod Chaudhary, a prominent Nepalese entrepreneur, has achieved the status of a billionaire with a significant net worth of USD 1.05 billion,  thus positioning him as the wealthiest Nepalese individual. This achievement is the first of its kind in Nepal's business landscape. At 19, he started his journey through his affiliation with Copper Floor, a nightclub in Kathmandu. Currently, Binod Chaudhary holds the position of Chairman at CG Corp Global, a multinational conglomerate with a wide-ranging business empire, CG Corp. Global's operations extend across multiple industries, including banking, consumer goods, education, hotels, electronics, energy, and medicine. Under Binod Chaudhary's leadership, CG Corp Global has established a significant presence in these sectors, reflecting his strategic vision and entrepreneurial prowess. The conglomerate owns 136 companies across various sectors, including popular brands like 'Wai Wai Noodles and Nabil Bank in Nepal. The company runs 143 hotels, including five-star ones with Taj Hotels of India.

  1. Shesh Ghale:

Shesh Ghale, an Australian Nepalese billionaire, was NRNA president and is Nepal's second richest person with a net worth of approximately $1.18 billion. He excels in education and the hospitality business. Shesh Ghale and his wife, Jamuna Gurung, co-founded Australia's Melbourne Institute of Technology (MIT) for undergraduate and postgraduate programs. They've made important contributions to Nepal's hospitality industry. MITU founders aim to provide quality education in Nepal. They also run the renowned Everest Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, which serves both national and international visitors. Shesh Ghale's success exemplifies Nepali individuals' entrepreneurship and determination on the global stage. He achieved success in business and philanthropy.

  1. Jamuna Gurung:

Jamuna is the richest female in Nepal and Australia, with a net worth of USD 260 million. Born in Nepal and educated in Australia, she is an executive director and managing director of the Melbourne Institute of Technology in Victoria, Australia, which she co-founded with her husband, Shesh Ghale. She's notable for her contributions to education and hospitality in Nepal and Australia. Jamuna Gurung is also active in philanthropy. She has supported Nepal's education, healthcare, and disaster relief. Gurung's philanthropy positively impacts many lives in Nepal.

  1. Upendra Mahato:

Upendra Mahato is a notable Nepali entrepreneur with a net worth of between $250 million and $900 million. He made major contributions to banking, telecommunications, and energy. Mahato is a successful entrepreneur with significant investments in Nepal and abroad, making him a key figure in the business world. He chairs the Mahato Group, a diverse conglomerate with multiple business interests. Mahato Group operates in Nepal, India, and Russia, concentrating on finance, telecom, infrastructure, and real estate. Mahato is famous for his charitable work, aside from his business ventures. He's been involved in charity to improve education, healthcare, and social welfare in Nepal. Upendra Mahato's foundation supports education programs and projects. Upendra Mahato's success is due to his entrepreneurial spirit, visionary leadership, and positive impact on society. He is a renowned figure in Nepal's business and philanthropic scenes.

  1. Ajay Sumargi:

Ajay Sumargi, the chairman of the Muktishree group of companies, holds the esteemed position of being the fifth wealthiest individual in Nepal With a net worth of USD 200 million. He also serves as the executive director of Nepal Satellite Telecom Pvt. Ltd. Within the realm of business and commercial ventures, Sumargi has made substantial investments in Nepal. These investments encompass diverse projects such as Muktishree Hydropower, Himalayas Spring Water, Hetauda Academy, and the National College of Higher Education.

Despite economic fluctuation and crises, the talented and diligent individuals in Nepal have managed to attain remarkable levels of wealth, demonstrating their resilience and determination. The fact that Nepalis are included in the list of the wealthiest people in the world shows the remarkable potential and perseverance of Nepalese individuals. These persons exemplify the entrepreneurial mindset, creative thinking, and unwavering determination, motivating others to aspire for greatness and exert relentless effort in achieving their aspirations. Nepal must adopt the insights gained from these prosperous instances and aim for an all-encompassing and prosperous future for every member of its society as it progresses through its economic journey.

Tue, 30 May 2023 21:33:15 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Rapid Increase in Land and House Prices in Nepal Last year, a piece of land in Durbarmarg, a bustling commercial area in Kathmandu city, was sold for a staggering amount of Rs. 90,000,000, equivalent to approximately $750,000. What makes this transaction intriguing is the fact that the price per square meter of that land exceeded $22,000, ranking it among the world's top ten most expensive real estate properties. This trend of exorbitant prices for housing and land is not limited to Kathmandu alone but extends throughout the entire country. As per the Nepal Rastra Bank, the property value in the Kathmandu Valley is experiencing an annual growth rate of 27.7%. This means that the real estate value is doubling approximately every 3.5 years. In contrast, salaries are only increasing by 7.45% annually.

In this article, we will delve into the causes and progression of the ongoing real estate bubble, utilizing various sources to explore the topic comprehensively.

Reasons behind the rise in housing and land prices in Nepal:

The decade-long People's War led by the Maoists primarily took place in rural areas, prompting a significant migration of people from rural to urban regions in search of improved facilities and opportunities. According to a report, over the past 15 years, it has been observed that approximately one out of every three Nepalis has consistently left their hometowns, resulting in a substantial population disparity between villages and cities. These dynamics have created a heightened demand for housing and land in urban areas, subsequently leading to an increase in prices.

During the period of the Maoist-led People's War, there was an upward trend in people seeking opportunities abroad, reincreasing emittance inflows for the country. Over the past 20 years, the amount of remittance has multiplied by 15 times. This situation has created a strong desire among individuals to invest their hard-earned money in owning their own houses and land, further increasing the demand for real estate. Simultaneously, due to a lack of clear government regulations, the supply of housing and land has also increased, contributing to the overall dynamics of supply and demand in the market.

One of the key contributing factors to the emergence of the real estate bubble can be attributed to the relatively low tax imposed on land transactions. It is noteworthy that while most business transactions entail a substantial transaction fee of 25%, the fee associated with housing and land transactions remains remarkably low, standing at a mere 5%. This considerable discrepancy in transaction fees has inadvertently sparked a notable surge in brokerage activities within the real estate market. Consequently, this trend has given rise to a growing prevalence of high broker fees as industry professionals seek to capitalize on the lucrative opportunities presented by the sector.

Between 2007 and 2009, the banks in Nepal witnessed a significant surge in real estate loans, with the total amount increasing from 2 billion to 24 billion Nepali rupees. Notably, the banks extended loans amounting to approximately 160 billion Nepali rupees in the real estate sector during that period. However, it is worth mentioning that only 10% of these loans were provided to the formal real estate sector, while the remaining 90% were directed towards the informal real estate sector.

<h2style="text-align: justify;">Factors behind land price hike:

  • Engaging in agriculture year after year without generating sufficient income, individuals are enticed by the prospect of earning significant money through the subdivision and sale of their land. Unfortunately, this mindset causes people to disregard the agricultural potential of the land, leading to its destruction. People often overlook the distinction between land suitable for agriculture and land suitable for housing. Although the law identifies eight different types of land, the absence of a stringent mechanism results in all lands being developed and sold, ultimately leading to the depletion of arable land.

  • The perception that farmland has a fixed value is challenged when individuals realize that constructing a house on the same land increases its price. Furthermore, if the house serves as a residence, doubles as a school building, and accommodates a business, the land's value skyrockets. This concept directly contributes to the escalation of both land and housing prices.

  • The circulation of rumors significantly contributes to the increase in land prices. As an illustration, approximately 10 to 15 years ago, a rumor emerged suggesting that there were plans to relocate Nepal's capital city from Kathmandu to Chitwan. This led to a surge in land prices in Chitwan, with many individuals rushing to purchase land plots in anticipation of the supposed capital shift.

Effects of soaring prices:

  • Agricultural land loss:

    Converting farmland into developments for profit can be harmful. Loss of arable land could disrupt food security. Fertile land conversion compromises food production, leaving communities vulnerable to shortages and price fluctuations. Urbanization and development reduce farmland, hurting rural incomes and worsening poverty. Land conversion can harm water resources, air quality, and ecosystems beyond the local area.
  • Affordability and Homeownership:

    High housing and land costs impact people's ability to find stable homes. No access to housing leads to poor living conditions or homelessness. This harms people's well-being, stability, and quality of life, eroding their sense of security and belonging. The drop in homeownership affects the housing market. Less demand for homeownership increases rental property surpluses and competition, which may raise rental prices.
  • Housing Crisis:

    High housing prices worsen the urban housing crisis where demand exceeds supply. This situation has caused overcrowding, poor housing, and informal settlements. High housing costs create barriers for people seeking affordable and secure homes, worsening socio-economic disparities. Addressing the housing crisis is critical, requiring strategies to expand affordable housing, improve living conditions, and reduce informal settlements.
  • Inequality:

    Rising property values worsen wealth inequality. As property values rise, real estate owners benefit, gaining wealth through price appreciation. Those unable to afford property face obstacles to accumulating wealth. Unequal property ownership reinforces wealth gaps, hindering financial mobility for those unable to enter the real estate market.
  • Economic Impact:

    High housing and land prices distort the economy. Real estate dominance can hinder economic development by diverting resources from other sectors. Overinflated real estate leads to resource misallocation. High housing costs might push investors and entrepreneurs towards real estate, taking resources from other vital sectors. Unequal resource allocation hinders growth in manufacturing, technology, and services. Thus, the economy relies heavily on real estate, making it more susceptible to market changes and downturns.

A Possible Solution to Control the Prices:

Four years ago, the budget unveiled a crucial announcement mandating the compulsory registration of individuals engaged in real estate activities. However, despite the passage of time, the implementation of this decision is still pending. The delayed enforcement of this registration requirement has hindered its potential impact on the real estate market. Nonetheless, if and when this decision is effectively activated, it holds the potential to exert control over land prices to a certain extent. Consequently, the activation of this decision has the potential to foster a more regulated and stable real estate market, benefiting both buyers and sellers alike.

The economic crisis of 2008 had significant ties to the housing bubble, highlighting the need for measures to control and prevent such occurrences. In response, the government should recognize the importance of mitigating the risks associated with the housing market and should implement various measures to address the issue. One such measure involved increasing the profit tax levied on land transactions by 5 percent. By raising the tax rate, the government aimed to discourage speculative activities and curb excessive price inflation in the real estate sector.

The increase in land value can be attributed to its versatile usage. If the government restricts the utilization of land to specific purposes, such as agricultural activities, the cost of land remains steady.

An alternative approach involves implementing stricter control and regulation over how banks extend credit to individuals. It is imperative to establish guidelines that prohibit banks from granting loans when land with inflated values is presented as collateral. By enforcing such regulations, the government can mitigate the potential risks associated with inflated land prices and speculative lending practices. Former Finance Minister Surendra Pandey says, If banks stopped lending based on land put up as collateral, the price of land would go down automatically.

Sun, 28 May 2023 20:43:56 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Traditional Cuisine of Nepal Nepali food is very different because of the country's special landscape, weather, and culture. Nepal has different cultural groups that have different foods. When these foods mix, they make a tasty and unique cuisine. There are different groups of people, like the Newars, Thakalis, Gurungs, Tamangs, Sherpas, and more. The culinary heritage of Nepal is characterized by an extensive range of culinary ingredients, preparation methodologies, and gastronomic creations that have been transmitted from one generation to another. The culinary customs of Nepal are firmly entrenched in convention and showcase the gastronomic legacy of the Nepalese population.

The cuisine of Nepal exhibits distinct features that are marked by the utilization of indigenous and timely ingredients. The cuisine of Nepal is distinguished by its harmonious combination of taste elements and the integration of fragrant herbs and spices. Through their culinary skills and attentiveness, Nepalese people showcase their exceptional ability in food preparation, which is reflected in their exquisite dishes.

Here we are going to explore different types of cuisine in Nepal:

1.       Khas Cuisine:

The culinary traditions of the Khas community, which is the largest ethnic group in Nepal and mainly resides in the hilly regions, are referred to as Khas cuisine. The Nepalese food culture is notable for its Khas cuisine. These are some of the foods that Khas cuisine serves:

·        Daal Bhatt:

Given that daal bhaat is considered a national dish of Nepal, it is widely acknowledged as a fundamental culinary component of Khas cuisine, representing a staple meal consisting of lentil soup paired with rice. In traditional Khas cuisine, the primary component is this dish, which is commonly accompanied by various side dishes, pickles, vegetables, curries, and so on.

·        Meat-based items:

Khas cuisine has many foods made with meat. There are three tasty dishes called "khasi ko masu," "sekuwa," and "pakku." "khasi ko masu," "sekuwa," and "pakku." Khasi ko masu is a curry made with goat or mutton, while sekuwa is meat cooked on a stick over a barbecue. Lastly, pakku is meat that has been fried or roasted. Most people, including the Khas Brahmin (Bahun) caste, eat chicken and fish. They don't eat buffalo and yak meat because it is too similar to cow meat. Long ago, only a certain group of people called aadibasi would have pork from pigs that were raised at home. But wild boars, which are like big, hairy pigs, were hunted and eaten by a different group of people called Magars. These foods usually have nice smells and tastes from using special herbs and spices together.

·        Gundruk and Dhido:

Gundruk is a special part of Khas food. Gundruk is made by fermenting leafy greens, like mustard greens or spinach. Dhindo is a thick, porridge-like food that people who eat Khas cuisine enjoy. This food is created by cooking flour made from corn, millet, or buckwheat with water until it becomes thick. People usually eat Dhindo with gundruk, pickles, or meat dishes.

·        Sinki:

Sinki holds great significance as a unique and customary ingredient. Sinki is a type of food made by fermenting wild vegetables, usually the roots of radishes. Khas cuisine has a special ingredient that makes food taste different and feels unique. Sinki is an important food in Khas cuisine. It shows how the Khas people use clever ways to preserve their food and honor their traditions. Nepalese cuisine is a proud representation of the country's abundant culinary legacy, achieved through the use of locally sourced ingredients and age-old cooking methods.

·        Pickles:

Pickles are considered a significant component in Khas cuisine, contributing to the taste profile of dishes with their tangy, spicy, and flavorful attributes. The Khas people's culinary heritage and innovative skills are evident through their wide selection of pickles featuring ingredients such as mangoes, radishes, tomatoes, and chilies. Khas pickles add a unique and vibrant flavor to any meal, whether eaten as a condiment or a side dish, making the dining experience all the more enjoyable.

·        Sweets and snacks:

Khas cuisine features diverse flavors and sweet delicacies. These sweets are cherished in Khas culture and are enjoyed on many occasions. Khas cuisine offers diverse sweet treats that please palates with rich flavors and textures. Khas cuisine has a variety of sweet treats like Juju Dhau, Malpuwa, Sikarni, Sel Roti, and many more. The delightful flavor of these foods is capable of creating a happier ambiance for any event.

Khas cuisine varies in Nepal and has individual household variations. Cuisine evolved, influenced by neighboring regions and cultural exchanges. Khas cuisine is a vital aspect of Nepalese culinary history, showcasing the Khas group's tastes and practices.

2.       Himalayan Cuisine:

The Himalayan cuisine is influenced by the food culture of Tibetans and other similar ethnic groups in the Himalayan region. The food found in Nepal's Himalayan areas, including Mustang, Dolpo, and Solu-Khumbu, is a testament to the uniqueness of the region's geography and traditions. These are some of the foods that Himalayan cuisine serves:

·        Daal Bhatt:

Dal Bhat is a common food in Nepal and the Himalayas. Dal and rice are served together, sometimes with vegetables, pickles, and yogurt. Dal bhat is a healthy and nutritious meal.

·        Thukpa:

Thukpa is a noodle soup that has gained recognition in the food scene of the Himalayan region and originates from Tibet. It is known for its comforting nature. A delicious dish with nourishing properties has gained significant popularity in surrounding areas of the Himalayas. It is made up of wheat noodles, rich broth, aromatic spices, and a blend of savory meats and vegetables. Thukpa's popularity in the Himalayan regions unites people, nourishes them, and preserves their culinary heritage.

·        Yak Meat Items:

In the Himalayas, yak meat is highly valued for its special qualities in local cuisine. Yak meat's tenderness and unique taste are beloved in Himalayan cuisine. Yak meat is used in various preparations to showcase its unique qualities. Yak stir-fries with veggies and spices are a tasty combo. Yak meat is naturally tender, making it a perfect match for stir-fry dishes.

·        Buckwheat and Millet-based Dishes:

Buckwheat and millet are prized staples in Himalayan cuisine for their versatility, distinctive flavors, and healthful properties. Gluten-free grains are integral to regional cuisine, reflecting the cultural heritage and land connections. Buckwheat and millet flours are popular for breadmaking. Phaapar bread is prominent in Himalayan cuisine. Flatbreads are made by mixing flour with water and sometimes adding spices or herbs. Roll and cook the dough for rustic, flavorful bread. Buckwheat bread's nutty taste complements many dishes.

    ·        Tibet an Butter Tea:

Tibetan butter tea is a prominent element of Himalayan cuisine, with a unique flavor profile that is cherished for its ability to combat the challenges of the region's cold temperatures and high altitudes. Tibetan butter tea is a cultural beverage from the Himalayas, also called "po cha" or "salty tea." Butter tea is a cultural staple in Himalayan communities. Served to guests as a symbol of hospitality for warmth and comfort. Butter tea strengthens Himalayan community bonds. Exp.: The consumption of Tibetan butter tea is a sensory journey through the Himalayas. It embodies people's resilience, connection to nature, and adaptability in the region. Sipping this savory beverage evokes adventure and immerses you in the beauty of the Himalayas.

The Himalayan cuisine offers a diverse selection of dishes to choose from. The food in the Himalayan region is special because it uses local ingredients, cooking methods, and culture. These things make the food unique and tasty.

3.       Newa Cuisine:

Newa cuisine is a unique culinary tradition from Nepal's Newar community. Newa cuisine is made up of unique ingredients, intricate cooking, and varied flavors. It highlights Newar people's culinary skills and creativity, passed down through generations. These are some of the foods that Newa Cuisine serves:

·        Kwati:

Kwati is a prized dish in Newa cuisine, showcasing culinary excellence and cultural importance in the Nepalese Newar community. This soup honors generations of cooking traditions with its flavor and heartiness. Kwati is a mix of sprouted beans and lentils. Kwati is culturally significant in the Newar community. It's a festive centerpiece dish. During Gunla, Jana Baha Dyah Jatra, and Bisket Jatra, kwati symbolizes abundance, renewal, and togetherness.

·        Bara:

The Newar community in Nepal displays its cultural legacy and culinary skills through the highly regarded and cherished dish known as bara in Newa cuisine. You can enjoy Bara in different ways that suit different tastes and events. You can eat it alone and taste its flavors fully. Enjoying a fresh hot bara, taken directly from the pan, with a little tangy mustard or spicy tomato sauce is a wonderful experience that wakes up the taste buds and leaves a lasting memory. Bara's versatility and irresistible flavors have won over locals and visitors. It reflects the Newar community's culinary heritage and respect for traditional cooking techniques.

·        Yomari:

Newa cuisine captivates with diverse desserts and confections. The Yomari is a revered sweet that holds a special place in the hearts of Nepal's Newar community. Yomari represents Newa cuisine's tradition, festivity, and culinary craftsmanship. Its flavors, symbolism, and preparation make it a treasured delicacy beyond gastronomy. A Yomari provides a taste of Nepal's culinary legacy and embraces cultural tradition.

Nepal's rich heritage and cultural diversity are reflected in Newa cuisine. Newar culinary culture has evolved over centuries, preserving its essence. Discover the wonders of Newa cuisine—a mouth-watering journey through the history, customs, and flavors of Kathmandu Valley.

Nepal provides a diverse range of cuisine, rendering it an excellent choice for those seeking to explore and discover culinary experiences. Nepal offers an excellent opportunity for those seeking to explore diverse cuisines without any regrets.



Sat, 27 May 2023 10:50:20 +0545 Alisha Dahal
National things associated with Nepal Have you ever experienced heaven? As a glad Nepali, I can certainly say that my nation, settled in Asia, is nothing short of heaven to me. This country is filled with countless reasons to be amazed, including its remarkable cultural heritage, breathtaking natural attractions, grand Himalayan summits, significant spiritual sites, welcoming and hospitable locals, a serene atmosphere, and plentiful natural splendor. If you are not Nepali and are looking to travel to a country that will bring you a sense of good fortune, I warmly invite you to Nepal with all my heart.

Nepal stands as a truly exceptional country, encompassing a multitude of remarkable aspects that set it apart. Let's explore the national things associated with Nepal that contribute to Nepal's distinctiveness, elevating it to a truly unique position on the global stage:

1.       National Flag:

The majority of flags in the world have a rectangular or square shape, except Nepal's flag, which is uniquely designed as a triangle. The flag consists of two distinct sections, with the upper portion featuring a crescent and an eight-rayed moon, while the lower section showcases a twelve-rayed sun.

2.       National Anthem:

The national anthem of Nepal is called "Sayun Thunga Phulka Hami", The national anthem's words were written by Pradip Kumar Rai, also known as Byakul Maila. The late Amber Gurung made the music. The national song of Nepal talks about being proud of the country and its culture, being brave and united, respecting nature, and working towards progress and peace. In 2016, the BBC ranked Nepal's national anthem as the most amazing and unique compared to other anthems and ranked it third out of all the anthems played during the Rio 2016 Olympics.

3.       National emblem :

Nepal holds significant value for the country as it represents its emblem. The government of Nepal and many government groups use national emblems. The flag of Nepal has a picture of Mount Everest, green hills to show the hilly parts of Nepal, and yellow to show the fertile Terai region. There are male and female hands joining to show equality, and a garland of the national flower, the rhododendron (also called Guraash). On the top is a white outline of Nepal.

4.       National flower:

Lali Gurans also called the rhododendron, hold the distinguished title of national flower in Nepal. The rhododendron, an integral part of Nepal's ecosystem, holds great importance in preserving the country's natural heritage. The customary location where rhododendrons thrive is within the mountains of Nepal, especially at elevated heights in the Himalayas. The rhododendron holds a notable status as Nepal's national flower owing to its significant relevance and its attractive physical characteristics. This flower shows the country's nature and different kinds of natural heritage.

5.       National bird:

The national bird of Nepal is the Danphe, or Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impedance). This gorgeous and majestic bird is found in the Himalayas. The Danphe is important to Nepal because it is a symbol of their culture. People think it represents being pretty, elegant, and one-of-a-kind. The Danphe bird is often seen in old-fashioned pictures, handmade things, and stories of Nepal. The selection of the Danphe as Nepal's national bird signifies its significance and beauty while also acknowledging the diverse variety of avifauna inhabiting Nepal.

6.       National animal:

The cow (Gai) is the national animal of Nepal. The Nepalese community considers cows indispensable beings. They are valued and used for religious and cultural practices. In Nepal, people highly respect cows and show it through their religion and culture. Cows are sometimes dressed up with flowers and red powder on their heads during religious events. They are given special food and are believed to bring good luck. Cows are important in Nepal because they help with farming, and they are important for religious and cultural reasons too. By choosing the cow as the national animal, Nepal shows that it values and acknowledges the important relationship between its people, culture, and agricultural sector.

7.       National Sport:

Nepal's national sport is volleyball. In the past, dandi biyo, which involves the use of sticks, was widely recognized as the unofficial national game. Nevertheless, the Nepalese government revealed in 2017 that volleyball would be considered the national sport of Nepal.

8.       National dish:

The national food of Nepal is called Dal Bhat. It is a common meal made up of two parts: lentil soup and steamed rice. Dal bhat is a type of food that most people in Nepal eat a lot ofIt's a necessary component. Dal Bhat is a meal that represents Nepal's culture and is very popular thereThis means that Nepali food is simple and good for your health, and it's important to eat a variety of different foodsPeople from different ethnic groups in Nepal widely enjoyed itThey commonly have it as a full lunch or dinner.

9.       National dress:

People in Nepal wear special clothes called Daura-Suruwal for men and Gunyu-Cholo for women, which are considered national dresses. These clothes are important to the culture of Nepal, and people wear them on special occasions, celebrations, and important events. It's important to remember that the Daura-Suruwal and Gunyu-Cholo are the traditional clothes of Nepal, but people don't always wear them the same way anymoreThe clothing style of Western countries is commonly observed among people living in cities and rural areas.

10.   National language:

Nepali is the most widely spoken dialect in Nepal and is acknowledged as the official language of the nation. The majority of people in Nepal communicate using the Nepali language. The Nepali language is the dominant means of communication in Nepal and is widely understood and spoken by most of its inhabitants. Nepal is home to a variety of unique languages that are used for communication by diverse communities, such as Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Tamang, Newari, and Gurung. The government of Nepal says that other languages are important too and help to protect and grow them. The districts of Sikkim and Darjeeling in West Bengal adhere to Nepali as their official language. The Nepali language shares similarities with neighboring Kirati and Gurung languages, which have a notable influence on Nepali.

Wed, 24 May 2023 20:30:07 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Nepal&apos;s Unique National Flag: Symbolizing Pride, Unity, and Identity Each country possesses its own distinctive identity, whether it is rooted in its culture, diversity, natural splendor, or economic progress. Nepal, too, holds its unique identity in various aspects such as its rich culture, breathtaking landscapes, historical sites, and more. However, the true embodiment of Nepal's identity lies within its national flag. The Nepalese people take immense pride in their national flag, which serves as a powerful symbol of their nation. While every country possesses a national flag as a representation of its identity, Nepal's flag stands out for its extraordinary design. Unlike the flags of other nations, which typically feature a quadrilateral shape, Nepal's flag is triangular. This distinction makes Nepal the only country in the world to have a non-quadrilateral national flag. The flag is formed by combining two pennants, with the smaller upper portion featuring a crescent and eight-rayed moon and the larger lower portion showcasing a sun with twelve rays.


Before 1962, the emblems on Nepal's flag, including the sun and the crescent moon, depicted human faces with distinct features such as eyes, ears, and noses. The symbol on the forehead of the moon represented the royal family, while the sun symbolized the Rana family. However, in a later revision, the decision was made to remove the human faces from the emblems. Since then, only the sun and the moon have been portrayed on the flag, representing their respective lineages without the inclusion of facial features.

About the Current Flag:

The current flag was adopted on B.S. 2019 Poush 1 along with the formation of a new constitutional government. It was Shankar Nath Rimal, a civil engineer, who designed the current flag of Nepal at the request of King Mahendra. The picture of the moon and the sun symbolizes that Nepal will exist till the moon and the sunshine in this universe remain, and Nepal will remain till the sun and the moon remain. The current Nepali flag is adorned with three symbolic colors: crimson (red), blue, and white. The flag's foundation is crimson, representing the unwavering courage and bravery of Nepali soldiers. It is complemented by a deep blue border, signifying peace, cooperation, and friendship since the age of Gautam Buddha. The color white symbolizes purity, adding a touch of clarity and innocence to the flag's overall meaning. The two triangular shapes within the Nepali flag carry symbolic meaning. They represent the majestic Himalayan Mountains, highlighting Nepal's geographical prominence. All these concepts were declared by the democratic government, which was ruled by the general public, and embody the idea that the nation's love for its mother and mother earth is more important than anything else. That's why Nepal's flag represents the love of the motherland.

Some of the Facts about the Nepali Flag:

From a religious perspective, the two triangles on the flag of Nepal represent the two major religions in Nepal: Hinduism and Buddhism. From a religious standpoint, the white color used for the moon and the sun symbolizes neutrality. The triangular shape of the flag also signifies the traditional pagoda style, which is the architectural design commonly used for building temples and monasteries. According to cultural myths, the sun is seen as a heavenly symbol of fire, which is believed to be one of the fundamental components of all matter. In Hinduism, the sun is considered one of the five gods known as the Panchadev, with "Pancha" meaning five and "dev" meaning god. The tradition of worshipping the sun is deeply rooted in ancient Vedic rituals. Nepal was a Hindu kingdom until a few decades ago, and the sun on the flag also represents the belief in the gods and their power. From a religious perspective, the sun on the flag signifies the hotness of the land of the Terai region, and the moon on the flag signifies the coldness of the altitude of the Himalayan region of Nepal. The red color on the flag also symbolizes the red sindoor (vermilion) worn by married women in Nepalese Hindu culture. The color red is even considered a symbol of good luck. It is also believed that the red color of the flag represents the color of the robes worn by Buddhist monks.

Respect for the Flag:

The Nepali flag is held in high regard, and it is important to treat it with respect. It is customary to hoist and lower the flag with care and to avoid allowing it to touch the ground or be used for any disrespectful or inappropriate purposes.

The cars of important leaders like the president, prime ministers, and governors often have small national flags on them. These flags serve as a representation of their country. You may notice these flags hanging on their vehicles as a symbol of their role as representatives of the nation. This is also a show of respect for the flag by representatives of our nation.

Government buildings often proudly display national flags. These flags are raised to show respect and to symbolize the nation they represent. You can spot these national flags flying high atop government buildings, signifying the honor and reverence given to our national flag.

The army and military play a vital role in protecting a country. They are also representatives of the nation. Therefore, it is expected and natural to see the national flag flying at military headquarters and National Guard buildings. This is a way to honor and show respect to the national flag in recognition of the important role played by the military in safeguarding the country.

The examples mentioned earlier demonstrate the respect that Nepalese people and representatives of Nepal show for flags. Similarly, the people of Nepal themselves are unique in the world because of their love and respect for everything associated with Nepal. It doesn't matter what it is; it truly matters whether it is connected to Nepal. This deep sense of attachment and appreciation for their country sets Nepalese people apart and makes them distinctive.

Lastly, the Nepali flag is a symbol of pride, unity, and identity for the Nepali people. It represents the country's rich history, diverse culture, and the aspirations of its citizens.

Tue, 23 May 2023 05:21:06 +0545 Alisha Dahal
The increasing pollution of Kathmandu Valley The Kathmandu Valley, which is renowned as a popular tourist destination and serves as the capital city of Nepal, has earned the dubious distinction of being the world's most densely populated city. Unfortunately, the air quality in Kathmandu has also been ranked among the worst in the world at present. The issue of high population density is not limited to Kathmandu alone; several cities in Nepal are grappling with the negative effects of overpopulation, which can have a detrimental impact on both domestic and foreign visitors. The valley suffers from serious air, water, and soil pollution, which can have serious adverse effects on human health and well-being. Therefore, addressing the problem of overpopulation in Kathmandu and other affected cities in Nepal should be a top priority for the authorities and must not be ignored.

A different type of pollution seems to be in the Kathmandu Valley nowadays:

  1. Air pollution:

    Air pollutants have recently emerged as a pressing concern in the Kathmandu Valley. The city's air quality has worsened appreciably, and it has been a long time since people have seen a clear sky. The air is the most important source of pollutants in Kathmandu, which is critical for human survival. Air pollutants have risen to alarming levels, making it challenging for humans to stay and paint within the valley. The outcomes of air pollution in Kathmandu are intense and far-reaching. The excessive levels of pollutants in the air have led to breathing troubles, allergies, and other health problems for many of the city's residents. 
  2. Water pollution:

    Water pollution has emerged as a tremendous problem in the Kathmandu Valley because of the increasing human population and the lack of proper wastewater treatment systems. The citizens of Kathmandu Valley depend closely on underground water resources and rivers for their daily needs, which include drinking, cooking, and cleaning. Unfortunately, it isn't feasible to use the water from the rivers, as they're heavily contaminated with sewage and other pollution. As a result, the citizens of Kathmandu Valley are increasingly counting on underground water assets. But even the underground water resources have become polluted because of the inhumane conduct of some folks who dump their waste into the ground, contaminating the water table. The high levels of pollution inside the water can cause diverse water-borne diseases, including cholera and typhoid.

Recently, it was reported that Kathmandu secured the top spot on the list of the world's most polluted cities. So here are some major causes and solutions for pollution:

The pollution in Kathmandu may be attributed to both human activities and geographical elements. One of the main contributors to this problem is the expansion of vehicles, many of which are outdated and powered by diesel engines, resulting in excessive levels of emissions and fumes. The use of old planes in the skies is also a factor in the air pollution problems within the country. Consequently, the main source of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley is vehicle emissions. Therefore, enhancing public transportation systems, encouraging the use of electric cars, and reducing non-public vehicle use can help to lessen air pollution within the valley.

The act of burning trash or other things out of doors has a large negative effect on the quality of the surroundings within the Kathmandu Valley. In lots of places in the metropolis, people are irresponsibly burning trash in open fires, consisting of plastics, paper, and other natural substances. This releases risky chemical compounds and pollutants into the air, such as carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter. This pollution is harming human beings' health in various ways, including breathing issues and eye, nostril, and throat infections. The implementation of waste segregation, composting, and recycling applications can help reduce the quantity of waste sent to landfills and the quantity of methane gas produced by the decomposition of natural waste.

In Kathmandu, dirt from construction sites is a great source of pollutants. Long-distance airborne dirt from creation sites can settle on surfaces, reducing imagination and prescience and harming the environment. The construction dirt is frequently carried by the wind to neighboring places, generating pollutants there. Particularly for sensitive groups like children, the elderly, and those with pre-existing breathing illnesses, the microscopic dirt particles can also be absorbed deeply into the lungs and create respiratory troubles. Consequently, implementing guidelines to manipulate emissions from industries and tracking their compliance can help to lessen air pollution.

For a long time, people in the Kathmandu Valley have been engaging in the most inhumane behavior that has brought about the deterioration of the environment: the integration of sewage in the rivers. While sewage gets launched into a river, the oxygen content of the water is reduced, which might also hurt aquatic lifestyles and the atmosphere. Many residents in Kathmandu depend on groundwater for their drinking water, which is at risk of contamination from the river. These days, the Kathmandu Valley is stricken by water pollution, and it's miles from the result of the inhumane conduct of some people. So cleaning rivers and stopping people from mixing sewage should be performed to reduce water pollutants.

Global warming is in a roundabout way contributing to pollution in Kathmandu Valley via its consequences on weather styles, agriculture, and water sources. Therefore, it's far more essential to cope with global warming by decreasing greenhouse gas emissions and adopting sustainable practices that allow you to mitigate its effect on pollution inside the valley. Encouraging the use of clean energy, such as solar and wind electricity, can help lessen the dependence on fossil fuels and decrease greenhouse gas emissions, which can contribute to air pollution and global warming.

Dirt storms are another cause of pollution in Kathmandu Valley; they can generate large amounts of dirt and particulate matter, which may be carried over long distances and impact air quality. While the dust settles, it could additionally cause visibility troubles and create unsafe driving conditions. In Kathmandu Valley, dust storms are regularly exacerbated by construction and avenue dust, which can increase the quantity of particulate matter in the air.

Wildfires can also contribute to air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley. While vegetation burns, it releases smoke and particulate matter into the air, which can be carried over long distances and affect the air. Wildfires can also contribute to ozone formation, which can be dangerous to human health.

Overall, controlling pollutants in Kathmandu Valley requires a complete approach that includes the participation of diverse stakeholders, including governments, industries, groups, and individuals. It's crucial to prioritize the implementation of measures that could have the greatest effect on lowering pollutant levels and protecting the health and well-being of the population.

Sat, 22 Apr 2023 11:35:39 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Mother&apos;s day in Nepal The Nepalese people have a particular place in their hearts for Mother's Day because they see it as a chance to show their moms how much they appreciate and love them. The late King of Nepal, Birendra Bir Bikram Shah, started the custom of honoring this day, and the Nepalese people were very appreciative of his action. Since then, Mother's Day has been enthusiastically observed by families who gather to honor their moms and express their gratitude for everything that they have accomplished.

The celebration of Mother's Day in Nepal is more than just a holiday; it may be a way for individuals to express their deep-seated cherish and adoration for their moms, who are seen as the spine of Nepalese society. The sacrificial love and sacrifice that moms make for their families are highly regarded and loved, and Mother's Day may be a way to reinforce the significance of these values. It may be a day to acknowledge the pivotal role that moms play in forming the lives of their children and families and to honor their commitments to society.

Generally, the celebration of Mother's Day in Nepal may be a lovely expression of the cherishing, regard, and appreciation that Nepalese individuals have for their moms. It could be a day filled with warmth, delight, and appreciation, and it may be a confirmation of the profound bond between a mother and her child.

Social Noteworthiness:

Mother's Day has a significant social significance in Nepal that extends beyond the event itself. It may be a day when Nepalese people come together to celebrate the sacrifices that moms make for their families. The social significance of this day is established within the Nepalese culture, which places a high value on parenthood and the role of moms in forming the lives of their children. For Nepalese individuals, Mother's Day is more than just a day to purchase blessings and show apparent appreciation. It may be a day to honor the unimaginable penances and difficult work that moms put in to raise their children and keep their families together. It could be a way for children to express their appreciation and admiration for their moms, who are seen as the spine of Nepalese society.

The celebration of Mother's Day in Nepal is deeply rooted in culture and convention. It could be a day when families come together to perform puja (reverence) and offer blessings to their moms as a sign of regard and cherish. The social importance of this day is clear in the way it is celebrated, with individuals of all ages taking part in different social exercises like singing, dancing, and cooking conventional dishes. For Nepalese individuals, Mother's Day may be a day to celebrate the bond between a mother and her child. It may be a day to express specific appreciation for the sacrificial love that moms provide to their children and the penances they make for their families. The social centrality of this day is seen in the way it brings individuals together, creating a sense of community and harmony that's profoundly esteemed in Nepalese culture.

In essence, Mother's Day in Nepal is a celebration of the love and sacrifice that moms make for their families. It may be a day to acknowledge the vital role that moms play in forming the lives of their children and society as a whole. It may be a day filled with warmth, bliss, and appreciation, and is a testament to the profound social values that Nepalese individuals hold dear.

Celebration Traditions:

In Nepal, Mother's Day could be an exceptionally extraordinary event where individuals express their cherish and gratitude towards their moms. It's a day filled with feelings, cherishes, and appreciation for the unlimited adoration and sacrifices that mothers make for their children. On this day, children attempt their best to make their mothers feel uncommon by cooking their favorite dishes, buying them gifts, and investing quality time with them. The boulevards are decorated with colorful pennants, and there's a common sense of bliss and joy in the air. Mothers, in turn, feel overwhelmed with the love and affection that their children appear to have for them on this day. It's a day when they feel esteemed and acknowledged for everything they do for their families.

Overall, Mother's Day in Nepal could be a lovely celebration of the bond between a mother and her child, and it could be a day filled with love, appreciation, and upbeat recollections.

Happy Arrangements:

Mother's Day could be an uncommon occasion celebrated in Nepal with incredible fervor. Individuals put in a lot of effort to prepare for this day and show their appreciation for their moms. There's a sense of warmth and cherishing within the discussion as families come together to arrange the idealized celebration. Children enthusiastically make carefully assembled cards and blessings for their moms, pouring their hearts out into each small detail. Mothers are profoundly touched by the eagerness and exertion that go into these presents. Within the days leading up to Mother's Day, markets are filled with individuals looking for the culminating blessing. The excitement is palpable as everyone tries to discover something that communicates their appreciation and adoration for their moms. On the day of the celebration, families accumulate for an uncommon dinner, frequently highlighting conventional Nepalese dishes. There's giggling and delight as everybody offers stories and recollections, cherishing the time they spent together. By and large, Mother's Day could be a wonderful and passionate event in Nepal, where the cherishing of and appreciation for moms is felt and celebrated with full hearts.

Changing Conventions:

In Nepal, the way individuals celebrate Mother's Day has been evolving. It's not close to giving endowments or sending cards anymore. Individuals have begun to express their adoration and appreciation for their moms in more individual and ardent ways. There's a developing trend of children taking their moms out for an uncommon feast, investing quality time together, and having important discussions. Numerous people are also using social media to share touching stories and memories about their moms and freely thank them for everything they've done.

Mother's Day in Nepal has ended up being more than just a commercial occasion. People are putting in more effort to make it a truly meaningful and enthusiastic encounter for their mothers. It's a wonderful thing to see the adoration and appreciation that individuals have for the foremost imperative lady in their lives.

Social Impact:

Mother's Day is an imperative celebration in Nepal that holds incredible social significance. It may be a day when people express their deep gratitude and fondness towards their moms for their unconditional love and give up. The celebration of this uncommon day creates a sense of passionate holding and closeness among family members. On Mother's Day, children in Nepal express their adoration and appreciation towards their moms by advertising blessings, cards, and flowers for them. The bliss and joy that this brings to moms is immeasurable, as they feel esteemed and acknowledged by their children. This makes for a warm and cherishing atmosphere in families, where the bond between moms and children is reinforced. The celebration of Mother's Day in Nepal highlights the vital role that moms play in society. It recognizes their difficult work and devotion in raising and supporting a long-term generation. This recognition of mothers' commitments advances sexual orientation correspondence and empowers women in society.

In general, Mother's Day in Nepal is an uncommon event that brings families closer and recognizes the imperative role that mothers play in society. It may be a day filled with love, gratitude, and appreciation for the most imperative ladies in our lives.

In conclusion, Mother's Day holds enormous social esteem in Nepal. It may be a day that inspires profound sentiments of adoration and appreciation for moms, who are respected as the pillars of families and society. The celebration of this uncommon day creates a warm climate, reinforcing the emotional bonds between family members. The acknowledgment and appreciation of mothers' commitments on Mother's Day advance sexual orientation correspondence and engage ladies in society. This highlights the significance of mothers in supporting and forming the future. 

Thu, 20 Apr 2023 10:45:06 +0545 Alisha Dahal
History of classic cars in Nepal The history of classic cars in Nepal is a fascinating one, with a rich and varied past that includes everything from the first car being brought into the country for the purpose of wild hunting, to Hitler gifting cars to the Nepalese monarchy in an attempt to sway them to fight for the Axis powers during World War II. This article will explore the many facets of classic car culture in Nepal, from the early days of car ownership to the present day, and will examine the various ways in which Nepalese have interacted with and preserved classic cars over the years.


Nepal has a long and storied history when it comes to classic cars, with a rich and varied past that includes everything from the first car being brought into the country for the purpose of wild hunting, to Hitler gifting cars to the Nepalese monarchy in an attempt to sway them to fight for the Axis powers during World War II. Classic cars have played an important role in Nepali history, both as symbols of wealth and power and as cultural icons that have shaped the country's identity over the years. This article will explore the many facets of classic car culture in Nepal, from the early days of car ownership to the present day, and also will examine the various ways in which Nepalis have interacted with and preserved classic cars over the years.

Early Days of Car Ownership in Nepal

The first car to be brought into Nepal was a Rolls Royce that belonged to the then Prince Edward, who later became King Edward VIII of England. He brought the car across the Indian border in 1922 for the purpose of wild hunting in Kasara, Chitwan. However, it would be several years before the general public had access to cars. In fact, it was illegal for people to own cars until the early 1950s. The Rana family and a Nepali scientist named Gehendra Samsher independently imported a Ford company vehicle, but Nepalis weren't able to legally own vehicles until Chandra Samsher purchased one for himself.

The Rana dynasty saw a tradition of buying cars to complement their luxurious lifestyle. King Mahendra also bought American Chrysler and Mercedes Benz as his royal ride. However, at that time people would have to carry the car in a bamboo cart because there was no road connectivity from Terai to Kathmandu. There is a history of bringing around four dozen cars with the help of hundreds of Balami and Tamang porters from the Makwanpur district. They were all used to add to the luxury of the Shah and Rana lineage. The usual routes of car carrying were Chitlang, Kushle Chaur, Markhu Pauwa, Kulekhani, and Phakhel. The porters also belonged to the vicinity of those areas. The cars were first brought to Kolkata (then Calcutta) and then to Amlekhgunj. The porters would make a cart and start carrying the car after removing the tires from Bhimphedi, the then headquarters of Makwanpur. The strong porters would take 2-3 days to reach Chunikhel, Thankot. From Chunikhel, the car would be taken to the palaces by driving. The Newari community with a surname of Balami who served as a porter for a long time switched their professions later to become businessmen and farmers. But Tamang community continued their work as porters. Hence historically, Makwanpur’s Tamang people are recognized as the car carriers.

As Nepal opened up to the world in the 1950s, classic cars began to make their way into the country in greater numbers. King Mahendra, who ruled from 1955 to 1972, was known for his love of American cars, particularly Chryslers. In fact, he owned several Chryslers, which he would often drive around the capital city of Kathmandu. One of his most notable Chryslers was a 1957 Imperial Crown Convertible, which he had imported from the United States in 1958.

King Mahendra's collection of classic cars was eventually put on display at the Narayanhiti Palace Museum, which opened in 1970. The museum featured several of the king's cars, including his Imperial Crown Convertible, a 1959 Cadillac Fleetwood, a 1963 Lincoln Continental, and a 1965 Buick Electra. Unfortunately, many of the cars were damaged or destroyed during the Nepalese Civil War in the late 1990s.

The Rana family, which had ruled Nepal as prime ministers from 1846 to 1951, also had a love for classic cars. They imported many cars from Europe, including Rolls-Royces and Bentleys, to show off their wealth and status. These cars were often carried on the backs of porters to reach Kathmandu, as there were few roads in the country at the time.

Many of the classic cars owned by the Rana family are now on display at the Nepal Motor Company Museum in Kathmandu. The museum features cars from the early 1900s to the 1960s, including several Rolls-Royces, Bentleys, and Daimlers. The museum also has a collection of vintage motorcycles, including a 1926 Harley-Davidson and a 1942 Indian Chief.

The Nepal Motor Company, which was founded in 1948, is one of the oldest car dealerships in Nepal. The company has imported and sold many classic cars over the years, including Jaguars, MGs, and Triumphs. Today, the company is still in operation and continues to sell and service cars in Kathmandu.

Classic cars have also played a role in Nepalese cinema over the years. In the 1960s and 1970s, many Nepalese films featured classic cars, particularly American cars, as symbols of wealth and status. Some of the most popular films of the era, such as "Kusume Rumal" and "Chino," featured classic cars prominently.

Despite the challenges of maintaining and restoring classic cars in Nepal, many enthusiasts continue to cherish these vintage vehicles. They represent a unique and fascinating part of Nepal's history and culture, and they continue to capture the imagination of people around the world.

In conclusion, the history of classic cars in Nepal is a rich and fascinating subject. From the early days of car imports in the 1920s to the present day, classic cars have played an important role in Nepal's cultural and social history. They have been transported to their destinations on the backs of porters and have been owned by kings, prime ministers, and rich families. Today, classic car enthusiasts in Nepal continue to cherish and preserve these vintage vehicles, ensuring that their legacy lives on for future generations to enjoy.

Tue, 18 Apr 2023 22:02:27 +0545 Alisha Dahal
The arrival of a variety of tourists with different interests in Nepal: The breathtaking natural beauty, extensive cultural legacy, and numerous ethnic groups of Nepal are well recognized. Because of its interesting history, breathtaking scenery, and friendly people, Nepal is a favorite travel destination for people all over the world. Incredibly beautiful natural beauty may be found across Nepal, from the towering Himalayan peaks to the Terai's verdant forests. Eight of the ten tallest peaks in the world, including Mount Everest, are located in this nation, drawing tens of thousands of adventurers there each year.

With more than 100 different ethnic groups residing inside its boundaries, Nepal is also a melting pot of cultures. Dozens of festivals and religious events held throughout the year throughout the nation showcase its unique cultural heritage. UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Nepal include Pashupatinath and Bhaktapur. And the tourism industry has become a major contributor to Nepal's economy.

Tourists come to Nepal with a variety of objectives; not all of them are solely interested in having fun and enjoying themselves. The purposes and destinations that individuals have can differ greatly. Below are some examples of the types of tourists who visit Nepal every year:

1.    Religious and Pilgrimage Tourism:

Nepal's appeal as a tourist destination goes beyond just its magnificent trekking destinations. It is also home to thousands of years' worth of religious heritage and sites, making it one of the most religious countries in the world. Nepal is a secular country that grants everyone the freedom to choose their religion. Hinduism is the most common religion, followed by Buddhism. Religious and pilgrimage tourism is related to religious purposes in different areas. Nepal boasts a diverse range of religious sites, including several temples dedicated to the country's 33 million gods and goddesses. Pashupatinath, Lumbini, Muktinath, Boudhanath, Swayambunath, Manakamana Temple, Janaki Temple, Kalinchwok Bhagwati, and Pathivara are among the most commonly visited religious places in Nepal.

2.    Historical and Cultural Tourism:

These types of tourists involve visiting historical areas to gain a deeper understanding of past events, attractions, archaeological sites, and other cultural aspects of a popular destination. Nepal is a country rich in historical and cultural heritage, attracting tourists from different countries to explore its historical sites. Popular historical and cultural sites in Nepal include Kathmandu Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Pashupatinath, Swayembunath, Changunarayan, Lumbini, Mustang Caves, and many others. These historical sites offer visitors the opportunity to learn about Nepal's past and present, as well as the chance to witness firsthand the country's beautiful and intricate architecture and art.

3.    Adventure Tourism:

Nepal's adventure tourism sector is a big lure for tourists looking for thrilling and physically demanding activities as a form of entertainment and refreshment. Visitors from all over the world come to Nepal for adventure tourism to test their physical prowess and take in the region's breathtaking natural beautyreshment. Visitors from all over the world come to Nepal for adventure tourism to test their physical prowess and take in the region's breathtaking natural beauty. With a vast range of exhilarating sports available, including rafting, hiking, mountaineering, paragliding, rock climbing, canyoning, zip lining, bungee jumping, and many more, Nepal is a fantastic location for adventure tourism. The nation's natural landscape, including snow-capped mountains and raging rivers, provides the perfect setting for adventurous activities.

4.    Agro Tourism:

Agrotourism is a developing sector in Nepal that offers travelers a chance to experience rural living there, learn about traditional farming methods, and develop an understanding of the labor-intensive process of food production. It also helps local communities and farmers by giving them an extra source of income. Agro-tourism in Nepal offers visitors a variety of activities, from discovering traditional agricultural methods to sampling locally farmed food. This type of tourism enables visitors to take part in practical agricultural tasks including milking cows, picking fruit, harvesting crops, using agricultural tools, tasting and purchasing farm products, seeing farm demos, planting, and more.

5.    Business tourism:

Business tourists are individuals who journey for professional reasons, typically requiring them to attend meetings, conferences, or exhibitions. They are considered high-end tourists in terms of expenditure, despite their brief stay, as they tend to spend generously on top-notch services and amenities. The primary focus of business tourism is attending corporate events, which can range from informal meetings to large-scale conferences.

6.    MICE tourism:

MICE tourism is a term used to describe tourists who visit specific destinations to attend high-end conferences, meetings, incentives, conventions, and expositions. These events can be organized or official in nature. Nepal has several excellent MICE tourism destinations, including Chitwan, Kathmandu, Pokhara, Lumbini, and Janakpur. These locations offer top-notch facilities and amenities to cater to the needs of MICE tourists.

7.    Gastronomy / Culinary Tourism:

Gastronomy, or culinary tourism, involves travelers who embark on tourism activities to explore different cuisines. Nepal, with its diverse cultures and traditions, offers a wealth of culinary experiences. As a result, Nepal has become a popular destination for food exploration by tourists who provide reviews and share their experiences online. Each year, many food enthusiasts arrive in Nepal to explore the unique and diverse culinary offerings available throughout the country.

8.    Health tourism:

Health tourism refers to travelers who visit different locations to access better health practices, including medical treatments for illnesses. In Nepal, health tourism has emerged as a popular trend, with Ayurvedic treatments, therapies, yoga, and spa services being common practices. Due to Nepal's natural beauty, tourists who seek better health often have the opportunity to enjoy a refreshing and rejuvenating experience.

9.    Rural and urban tourism:

Nepal's beauty attracts tourists to both remote and urban areas. Rural tourism provides visitors with the opportunity to experience village life, utilize local amenities, and contribute to the economic and social growth of local communities. Top rural destinations in Nepal include Gandruk, Dhampus, Manag, and Mustang. In urban areas, tourists can easily access a wide range of services and facilities for a premium cost. Urban tourism is also popular in Nepal due to the convenience and variety it offers.

10.  Eco tourism:

Eco-tourism involves travelers who visit natural areas to promote environmental conservation and support the well-being of local communities. Nepal offers some of the best eco-tourism destinations, including dense forests, national parks, and conservation areas. Eco-tourism is beneficial for Nepal as it promotes environmental awareness and provides direct benefits for conservation efforts.

11.  Social tourism:

Social tourism refers to travelers who journey to support the economic growth of a specific group or to promote greater access to travel for underprivileged individuals. Social and economic awareness is a major aspect of social tourism, with tourists responsible for providing benefits to society in various forms. By engaging in social tourism, visitors can not only contribute to the lives of others but also gain international experience and learn more about themselves. Each year, numerous social tourists visit Nepal to support the well-being and development of the country.

12.  Nature-based tourism:

The natural splendor of Nepal makes it a perfect destination for outdoor enthusiasts. Visitors may appreciate Nepal's natural marvels by participating in a variety of activities such as bird watching, photography, astronomy, camping, trekking, hunting, and visiting parks. Nature tourism is a popular pastime in Nepal, allowing visitors to discover and enjoy the country's breathtaking scenery.

In conclusion, tourists of all stripes and with a range of interests and preferences are welcome in Nepal. These include adventure tourists looking for physically demanding activities, pilgrimage tourists visiting temples and sites for spiritual reasons, historical tourists curious about ancient events and their ruins, and agro-tourists visiting rural areas for activities related to agriculture. Tourists can also travel to Nepal to unwind and take in the country's natural beauty, culture, and friendliness. Nepal has a lot to offer, making it a popular destination for tourists from all over the world.

Fri, 14 Apr 2023 08:21:44 +0545 Alisha Dahal
The Impact of Tourism on Nepal&apos;s Economy and Environment Without a doubt, tourism is a significant contributor to Nepal's thriving economy. It is responsible for providing sustenance to many individuals and is also the cause of prosperity for several households. The tourism industry has provided employment opportunities to numerous unemployed people, thereby improving their lifestyles. The absence of the tourism industry would lead to the deprivation of food and other necessities for many. However, just like any other aspect, tourism also has its pros and cons. This article examines both tourism's positive and negative aspects.

Below are some of the positive impacts that tourism can have on the economy and environment:

1.       Foreign currency earning:

Tourists from various countries are Nepal's primary foreign currency source. As they travel to relax and have fun, they spend money on local services and facilities provided by business owners, which creates an opportunity to earn foreign currency. This benefits both the tourists and the local economy.

2.       Contribution to government revenue:

When tourists arrive in any country, they pay for entry permits or visa applications. Additionally, they spend money on various services and facilities provided by service operators. These operators are required to pay taxes to the government, which helps increase the government's revenue. Therefore, both the taxes paid by service providers and the money spent by tourists contribute significantly to the government's revenue.

3.       Employment opportunities:

As the number of tourists increases, there is a greater need for more services and facilities. The tourism industry requires skilled manpower, providing educated individuals with employment opportunities. This can reduce complaints about being unemployed or underemployed. When tourists arrive at a destination, they have a variety of interests and require various services, such as accommodation, transportation, preservation of attraction areas, cultural shows, and other activities. These services create job opportunities that contribute to the area's economic growth.

4.       Infrastructural development:

Infrastructure plays a vital role in attracting tourists to a particular area. Tourists are unlikely to visit areas where infrastructure development has not taken place. While most places in cities are well-developed, rural areas often lack the necessary infrastructure. However, when people realize the benefits of tourism, they become motivated to develop their area. As many tourists are interested in enjoying nature, they tend to visit rural areas, which can lead to the development of necessary infrastructure.

5.       Contribution to local business and economy:

Small-scale local industries play a significant role in supporting large industries, both directly and indirectly. They also contribute to the growth of local businesses by utilizing their services in the service sector. When tourists visit rural areas, they prefer staying in a home rather than hotels. This creates a demand for local products, which tourists are willing to pay for, generating income for the local community. By doing so, the local economy can flourish and grow.

6.       Increase in living standard of people:

Tourism is a diverse business with several sectors, and its advantages reach a wide range of individuals and groups. When tourism thrives in a region, it generates more revenue and opens up prospects for greater engagement from all stakeholders. This increase in revenue and engagement can contribute to an improvement in the local community's living conditions. As a result, tourism may benefit the local economy by producing employment and opening up prospects for entrepreneurship and community development.

7.       Improve quality product:

When traveling, tourists often seek high-quality things to guarantee that they get good value for their money. Because visitors would not accept satisfactory items, this demand for quality products may motivate local manufacturers to raise the level of their products. As a result, the local community gains access to and benefits from these higher-quality products. Finally, the push for higher-quality items in response to tourist demand might have a knock-on impact, resulting in better living conditions for the local population.

Below are some of the adverse effects of tourism on Nepal's economy and environment:

1.       Inflation:

Inflation is the process of raising and lowering the value of a currency. Tourism creates the situation due to the unbalanced payment of nations and the comparison of local currencies in dollars. The flow of tourists in certain places may cause inflation, which may create an economic crisis in certain places where tourists visit. Therefore, while tourism can provide significant benefits to the local economy, it is essential to manage its impact to avoid the negative consequences of inflation.

2.       Dependency on tourism:

Tourism can contribute to any location's economic growth, but it can also create dependency and create crises in certain situations. Excessive reliance on tourism can lead to negative consequences, causing difficulties in sustaining businesses and forcing people to seek alternative livelihoods. This was particularly evident during the COVID-19 pandemic when travel restrictions halted tourism activities, and areas in Nepal that heavily relied on tourism were unable to meet their basic needs. Thus, while tourism can be a valuable source of income, it is essential to diversify the economy and not become overly reliant on tourism as the sole source of revenue. By doing so, communities can better withstand the negative impacts of crises and maintain a sustainable economy.

3.       Seasonally load:

Tourism is a seasonal business and has its highs and lows. During the high season, there is a surge in the number of tourists, which creates a high seasonal load to handle. On the other hand, during the low or off-season, the arrival of tourists is low, which means there is not much work to do and consequently, low income.

4.       Less priority to domestic products:

Tourism businesses often prioritize providing standard services and branded products to tourists who come from abroad. This can create a situation where domestic products are given less priority, and businesses may choose to import goods from other countries instead. This can lead to fewer opportunities for domestic products and industries to thrive.

5.       Illegal economical activities:

Tourists may make illegal demands from those engaged in the tourism industry, with the belief that money can buy anything. Unfortunately, some individuals may be willing to accept such illegal demands, which can harm the long-term sustainability of the business. These practices can also create negative impacts on society and the economy of certain areas.

As tourism carries both positive and negative aspects, it is important to manage tourism in a sustainable way that maximizes the benefits while minimizing the negative impacts. This can be achieved by implementing policies and regulations that ensure environmental and cultural preservation, as well as equitable economic distribution. By doing so, Nepal can continue to enjoy the benefits of tourism without compromising its natural and cultural heritage for future generations.

Sat, 08 Apr 2023 20:03:59 +0545 Alisha Dahal
The impact of technology on education and learning In the 21st century, technology has become an essential component of every industry. Since the invention of desktop computers in the 1980s, technology has been widely accepted. Since the 1990s, when the internet first gained popularity, and the 2000s, when smartphones first became widely available, the world has become a global community, with real-time connections between individuals and companies around the globe. Notably, the education and learning sectors have greatly benefited from technological advancements.

Technology has made education more accessible, convenient, and effective. The outbreak of the Coronavirus pandemic is a prime example of how technology has revolutionized the education system. With schools and universities shut down to contain the spread of the virus, online learning platforms became the go-to mode of education. Traditional classroom settings, which relied on face-to-face interactions with instructors, have now been replaced by online learning platforms. Students can now access educational resources from the comfort of their homes, allowing them to learn at their own pace and convenience. This approach has made education more flexible and accessible to students from different parts of the world.

Technology has made education more accessible, convenient, and effective. The outbreak of the Coronavirus pandemic is a prime example of how technology has revolutionized the education system. With schools and universities shut down to contain the spread of the virus, online learning platforms became the go-to mode of education. Traditional classroom settings, which relied on face-to-face interactions with instructors, have now been replaced by online learning platforms. Students can now access educational resources from the comfort of their homes, allowing them to learn at their own pace and convenience. This approach has made education more flexible and accessible to students from different parts of the world.

Technology has been a game-changer for children with disabilities, as it has provided them with the opportunity to learn in a more comfortable and inclusive environment. These children often face social and emotional challenges in traditional classroom settings, which can make learning difficult. By providing them with online learning platforms, technology has enabled them to study at their own pace without feeling discriminated against or stigmatized. This approach has made education more accessible and inclusive, allowing children with disabilities to develop their skills and achieve their full potential.

Not all students have the same interests when it comes to education. Some students may have a passion for subjects outside the traditional academic curriculum. For example, they may be interested in music, art, or fashion. Thanks to technology, these students can explore their interests and pursue learning opportunities that are tailored to their specific needs. Whether it's taking an online course, watching a tutorial, or collaborating with like-minded individuals, technology provides students with a range of resources that they can use to expand their knowledge in their chosen field. This has opened up new pathways for students to explore their passions and develop skills that can be applied to their future careers.

Another advantage of technology in education and learning is the possibility of expense savings. Since they can access course materials and tools from the convenience of their homes, online learning platforms have helped many students lower the cost of their education. Due to the abundance of online resources that are free or considerably less expensive than traditional textbooks, the price of textbooks and other educational materials has also greatly decreased. Students' transportation expenses, including fares for public transportation, can add up fast, particularly if they reside far from school or college.

In the past, students were limited to book knowledge and were often disconnected from the outside world. However, with the advent of technology, students can access a wealth of information and stay up-to-date with current events. This exposure to real-world issues and diverse perspectives has made students more knowledgeable and expanded their understanding of the world around them. By staying informed and connected, students can develop critical thinking skills, empathy, and a sense of global awareness. This has also helped them become more well-rounded individuals who can contribute positively to society.

Despite having numerous positive aspects, technology also has some drawbacks or disadvantages, which include:

1.       Dependence on technology:

The easy availability of information on the internet may cause students to overlook the importance of developing critical thinking, problem-solving, and creative skills. As a result, they may become overly reliant on the internet for everything, and when given a project requiring critical thinking, they may simply use technology and justify it as a means of utilizing available resources. This dependence on technology has emerged as a major concern for children in the modern age.

2.       Isolation:

The utilization of technology in education can limit opportunities for face-to-face interactions, potentially resulting in a decline in communication skills among students. This could particularly affect introverted individuals, causing them to further withdraw and struggle with expressing themselves in social situations, ultimately leading to social isolation.

3.       Distraction:

The current generation of students tends to misuse technology, leading to increased distractions during their learning. Social media, online gaming, and other digital diversions can easily draw their attention away from their studies, impeding their ability to concentrate and absorb information. With many students currently learning online, it is not uncommon for them to attend class while keeping their cameras turned off and engaging in social media or online gaming, as observed during the lockdown period.

4.       Inequality:

In Nepal, certain rural regions have yet to experience the benefits of technological progress. Consequently, individuals residing in such areas may not have access to the latest technological resources, resulting in a technological divide that leaves them behind in terms of technical skills and opportunities. This inequality is further exacerbated by the presence of economically disadvantaged students who may not have the means to obtain the latest technological tools, impeding their ability to receive the same level of education as their more technologically privileged counterparts.

5.       Security and privacy:

Worries about security vulnerabilities, data leaks, and other privacy concerns are growing as technology continues to play an increasingly important role in education. Students and instructors equally may find themselves susceptible to various cyber dangers, such as hacking, phishing, and malware attacks, as a result of the pervasive use of online platforms and digital tools. The use of technology in education is becoming more prevalent, which has given hackers new opportunities to attack people who are weak and use their personal information against them.

Undoubtedly, technology is a blessing in the modern era; however, numerous students and individuals are misusing it. The correct utilization of technology can prove advantageous, but if it is abused, it can have detrimental effects on individuals. 

Thu, 06 Apr 2023 20:57:56 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Role of INGOs in Nepal INGOs are non-profit organizations that operate globally and focus on providing relief and developmental aid to developing countries such as Nepal. Their primary objective is to address global issues like poverty, inequality, and climate change. INGOs are especially important in areas where governments are unable or unwilling to act.

The Social Welfare Council reports that as of September 2021, 424 INGOs are registered to operate in Nepal. However, this number is subject to change as INGOs may withdraw or new ones may register to work in Nepal.

INGOs have made a major contribution to Nepal in several areas, including disaster relief, human rights, education, health, and poverty alleviation. INGOs have played important roles in Nepal, including the following:

1.       Providing humanitarian assistance:

INGOs have played a crucial role in Nepal, especially when it comes to supporting humanitarian crises and sustainable development during natural disasters. Numerous INGOs were instrumental in helping the affected communities receive instant relief and rehabilitation during the 2015 earthquake. They put in an endless effort to give those impacted by the disaster vital aid, such as food, shelter, and medical supplies.

2.       Supporting development initiatives:

INGOs have been actively assisting Nepal's growth efforts for several years. In distant and underserved regions of the nation, they have been a significant help to the government in constructing roads, schools, and health facilities. To meet these communities' growth requirements, INGOs' assistance has been crucial. The education field is one area where INGOs have had a major effect. INGOs have also assisted the government in providing essential medical care in remote areas. Nepal can move closer to achieving its development objectives with ongoing assistance from INGOs.

3.       Advocacy and lobbying:

INGOs have played a significant role in pushing for policy changes and persuading the government to provide marginalized groups in Nepal with improved services and programs. INGOs have been instrumental in promoting policies that advance the rights of underrepresented groups, such as women, children, and members of the LGBTQ+ community. With continued support from INGOs, Nepal can continue to make progress toward achieving a more equitable and just society.

4.       Capacity Building:

INGOs have been offering local groups and organizations in Nepal a range of training and capacity-building programs. The subject of agriculture is one of the main areas where INGOs have been offering training and skill development. INGOs have been assisting in the formation of farmer unions to aid farmers in expanding their access to marketplaces and strengthening their negotiating position. In the area of entrepreneurship and small company growth, INGOs have also been offering training and capacity-building initiatives. To assist these companies in succeeding, INGOs have been offering training in business planning, financial administration, and marketing techniques. Another area where INGOs have been providing training and capacity-building is in the field of healthcare. With continued support from INGOs, local organizations and communities in Nepal can continue to develop their resources and achieve self-sustainability.

5.       Peace building and conflict resolution:

Community-based peace projects have been one of the main ways that INGOs have supported reconciliation in Nepal. INGOs have promoted communication and collaboration between various groups through a variety of programs and projects, lowering conflicts and promoting trust between them. The significance of fostering a culture of harmony in Nepal has been acknowledged by INGOs. They have worked to support the development of calm and inclusive communities, promote nonviolent dispute-resolution techniques, and increase the effectiveness of civil society groups.

Many INGOs are working in Nepal across various sectors. Here are some of the well-known INGOs working in Nepal:

1.       Oxfam:

Oxfam is a global movement comprised of individuals who are committed to fighting inequality and working toward ending poverty and injustice. Twenty NGOs from around the world collaborate under the name Oxfam to operate in more than 90 nations. The objectives of Oxfam in Nepal are to advance social equity, economic development, and humanitarian aid. Through the support of sustainable livelihoods, the advancement of women's rights, and the promotion of catastrophe risk reduction, they strive to resolve the underlying reasons for poverty and inequality. In times of natural catastrophes and humanitarian emergencies, Oxfam also offers urgent aid.

2.       Save the children:

A worldwide NGO called Save the Children works to better the lives of children who are in need all over the globe. Since 1976, Save the Children has been active in Nepal. The mission of Save the Children is to create a better future for kids in Nepal and all over the globe. Save the Children placed a particular emphasis on enhancing the lives of kids and their families in Nepal. They strive to advance children's rights, increase access to healthcare and education, and offer security services to children who require them. Through community-based initiatives, Save the Children also strives to address the underlying reasons for inequality and poverty. Additionally, they react to crises and emergencies, offering vital support and assistance to the impacted communities.

3.       CARE:

Barbara and Buzz Bradley founded the non-governmental organization (INGO) CARE in June 2006. It is an international charity that strives to eradicate poverty and advance social equity. The objectives of CARE's work in Nepal are to advance social equity, combat poverty, and uplift women and girls. They strive to increase people's access to healthcare, education, and job prospects, especially for those with limited resources. In addition, CARE strives to support gender equity and women's empowerment as well as deal with the underlying reasons for inequality and poverty. Additionally, CARE reacts to crises and natural disasters, giving impacted communities vital aid and support.

4.       World Wildlife Fund (WWF):

A worldwide organization called World Wildlife Fund is dedicated to the preservation of the environment and the protection of wildlife. Similarly, WWF's mission is overly centered on supporting environmental protection and healthy growth. Sustainable growth and the preservation of Nepal's distinctive wildlife are priorities for the WWF. Tigers, rhinos, elephants, snow leopards, and other threatened animals are among those whose environments and populations are protected by the WWF. To advance conservation initiatives and enhance the administration of natural resources, they collaborate with regional communities, governmental institutions, and other organizations.

5.       Doctors Without Borders (MSF):

Doctors without Borders also known as Médecins Sans Frontières is a non-governmental organization of French origin that provides humanitarian medical care. MSF has been essential in Nepal in giving medical aid during crises and disasters. In addition to reacting to the COVID-19 pandemic, MFS is offering medical treatment and aid during the 2015 earthquake and its following waves. MSF also works to assist vulnerable and neglected people with basic healthcare and mental health services, especially in rural and isolated parts of the nation. The goal of MSF in Nepal is to offer medical aid to anyone who needs it, irrespective of ethnicity, gender, or political affiliation.

These are just a few examples of the INGOs that have been providing aid to Nepal for many years. Many other INGOs are also actively involved in assisting Nepal, each with its unique objectives and approaches. Collectively, these INGOs are contributing to Nepal's development in a multitude of ways.

Wed, 05 Apr 2023 22:35:27 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Popular hiking places near Kathmandu and Bhaktapur Nepal is a land of breathtaking natural beauty and dense forests that captivate the hearts and minds of travelers from all over the world. With its stunning landscapes, pristine waterfalls, and diverse wildlife, Nepal is a land that truly beckons to the adventurous spirit within us. Whether you're looking to scale towering peaks, trek through remote villages, or simply bask in the beauty of the great outdoors, Nepal has something for everyone.

One of the most popular activities in Nepal is trekking, which draws in thousands of tourists each year who seek to immerse themselves in the unspoiled beauty of nature. Nepal offers a wide range of trekking options to suit all skill levels and preferences. So if you're looking to escape the hustle and bustle of everyday life and immerse yourself in the pristine beauty of nature, Nepal is undoubtedly one of the best places to visit. With its stunning natural landscapes, vibrant culture, and warm hospitality, Nepal is a destination that promises to leave you with unforgettable memories and experiences that will last a lifetime.

Some of the popular places for trekking in the Kathmandu Valley include:

1.       Shivapuri National Park:

The Shivapuri National Park, which opened in 2002, is home to a diverse range of animals, including leopards, black bears, and barking deer. The area also has 177 bird species, 102 butterfly species, and 129 mushroom species. The northern area offers breathtaking views of the Himalayas, while the southern slopes offer panoramic views of the Kathmandu valley.

The park has a variety of trekking trails ranging in complexity from easy walks to more difficult treks that take several days to finish. The trail to the summit of Shivapuri Peak, which sits at an elevation of 2,732 meters, is one of the most famous hikes. This hike takes about 5–6 hours to complete and provides stunning views of the nearby mountains and valleys. The trail that goes to Nagi Gumba, a Buddhist monastery situated within the park, is another popular hike. The trail provides breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape.

2.       Nagarjun Forest Reserve:

Nagarjun Forest Reserve, near Kathmandu, is a famous trekking destination. The forest is a famous spot for bird watching and is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. Nagarjun Forest Reserve, situated on the outskirts of Kathmandu, is a popular trekking destination. The reserve has a variety of trekking routes ranging in complexity from easy walks to more difficult treks that take several hours to finish.

The route that goes to Nagarjun Hill's summit, which is located at an elevation of 2,095 meters, is one of the best-known treks. This 2- to 3-hour trek provides breathtaking views of the Kathmandu valley and the surrounding mountains. The path that goes to Jamacho Gumba, a Buddhist shrine inside the reserve, is another well-known trek. The trail takes about 2-3 hours to complete and provides a unique combination of cultural significance and natural beauty.

3.       Champa Devi:

Champa Devi, at 2278 meters, is the third-highest peak in the Kathmandu Valley. The trek begins in Pharping and brings tourists through lush forests, charming villages, and stunning scenery. Mt. Everest, Ganesh Himal, Annapurna, Langtang, Gaurishanker, and other beautiful summits and ranges can be seen from Champa Devi. Similarly, ancient sites such as the Bagmati River, Bugmati, Khokana, and Pharping can be visited during Champa Devi Trekking. So, if you only have a few days in Nepal and want to see the entire Kathmandu Valley, or if you want to see stunning views of many gorgeous mountains, or if you want to go high in the mountains, Champa Devi is the best place to go. Fulchoki Hill is on the right, and Chandra Giri, which is the highest hill around Kathmandu Valley, is on the left. The trek takes approximately 3–4 hours to complete and is suitable for all levels of hikers.

4.       Phulchowki:

Phulchowki is situated in southeastern Kathmandu; it is one of the highest points in the Kathmandu Valley and is home to diverse flora and fauna, including over 300 bird species. The hike to the summit takes about 4-5 hours and provides breathtaking views of the surrounding mountains.

5.       Chandragiri Hill:

The renowned trekking destination in the Kathmandu Valley is Chandragiri Hill. The trek to the summit of Chandragiri Hill is a difficult but rewarding experience that provides breathtaking views of the Himalayan range and the Kathmandu valley. Visitors can tour Chandragiri Hill Station once they reach the top and take in the breathtaking views of the Himalayas and the Kathmandu Valley. The hike takes about 3–4 hours to finish and is suitable for hikers of all skill levels.

Some of the popular places for trekking in the Bhaktapur district include:

1.       Nagarkot:

  Nagarkot, a hill station about 28 kilometers east of Kathmandu and 6 kilometers north of Bhaktapur, is a famous trekking destination. The trek to Nagarkot usually begins in Sankhu. The trek to Nagarkot brings tourists along scenic trails with breathtaking views of the Himalayan mountain range and surrounding hills. Panoramic mountain views include Mt. Everest, Mt. Manaslu, Dhaulagiri, Langtang, Gaurishankar, and many others. The view of Kathmandu and Bhaktapur can be seen from a 360-degree angle. The trek takes approximately 4–5 hours to complete. Nagarkot is also known for its beautiful sunrise and sunset views, making it a popular destination for tourists.

2.       Changu Narayan:

Changu Narayan is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Nepal's Bhaktapur region, and it is thought to be the country's oldest temple. In addition to its historical and cultural significance, Changu Narayan is a famous trekking destination. The trek to Changu Narayan usually begins in Sankhu, about 17 kilometers northeast of Kathmandu. Visitors can follow a scenic path from Sankhu that goes through terraced fields, small villages, and lush forests. Visitors can experience stunning views of the surrounding hills and valleys, as well as several ancient temples and shrines, along the route. The hike takes about 2-3 hours to be finished.

3.       Suryabinayek Temple:

Suryabinayak Temple is a well-known Hindu temple about 13 kilometers east of Kathmandu. Aside from its religious significance, the area is also a famous trekking destination. The trek to Suryabinayak Temple begins in Bhaktapur and proceeds along a scenic route through lush forests, terraced fields, and traditional villages. Visitors can experience stunning views of the surrounding hills and valleys, as well as several ancient temples and shrines, along the route. The hike takes about 2–3 hours to complete.

4.       Dhulikhel:

Dhulikhel is an attractive hill town in the Kavrepalanchok district. The town is a famous trekking location with breathtaking views of the Himalayan mountain range. The trek to Dhulikhel begins in Banepa and takes a scenic path through lush forests and traditional villages. Visitors can enjoy panoramic views of the nearby hills and valleys along the way. The hike takes about 3–4 hours to complete.

The Kathmandu and Bhaktapur districts offer several popular destinations for trekking enthusiasts. However, there are numerous other places for trekking throughout Nepal, making it a highly sought-after destination for those who love nature and enjoy the beauty of the great outdoors. Whether you are an experienced hiker or a beginner, Nepal offers something for everyone, from challenging high-altitude treks to more leisurely walks through lush forests and traditional villages. With its breathtaking landscapes and rich cultural heritage, Nepal is truly a must-visit destination for anyone interested in hiking and trekking.

Tue, 04 Apr 2023 22:46:04 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Role of Women in Nepali society In the past, Nepal operated as a patriarchal society where men held positions of leadership within the family and were deemed superior to women. As a result, women had limited involvement in the social field and society as a whole. They were often restricted to their homes, tasked with bearing children and performing household chores, as it was believed that this was their primary purpose. For centuries, their contributions were confined to the household, and their bodies and minds suffered from a lack of nutrition and repression. Girls were prohibited from attending school, as it was assumed that their only role was to visit other homes and take care of household tasks, rendering education unnecessary.

Despite the historical oppression and deprivation that women in Nepal have faced, they have been able to overcome these challenges and have made significant strides in various areas. Women are increasingly proving their worth and showcasing their capabilities in fields that were once considered the sole preserve of men. They are demonstrating that they can excel in traditionally male-dominated sectors and are showing the world that they are not weak and are just as strong as men.

Nepali women have shown resilience, determination, and strength in various areas. Women are increasingly taking leadership roles in politics, business, and other fields. They are breaking barriers and shattering stereotypes, showing the world that they are just as capable as men in these areas.

Women's political participation in Nepal has grown gradually over the last few decades. In recent years, significant efforts have been made to ensure that women are represented in the world of politics. When Nepal established a quota system in 1991, it sought to expand women's participation in politics by allocating 33% of seats in the national parliament to women. It helped increase women's political visibility and impact. Women have made major strides in politics in recent years. Women occupy several high-level posts in Nepal's government, including the President and the Speaker of the House of Representatives. Women are also well represented in structures of local administration, such as municipal councils.

Here are some of the notable women who are involved in politics:

  1. Bidya Devi Bhandari:

     She is the former president of Nepal, the first woman to hold the position of president, and the second person to become president of Nepal.
  2. Onsari Gharti Magar:

     She was the first female Speaker of the House of Representatives in Nepal and served from 2015 to 2018.
  3. Sahana Pradhan:

     She was the first female Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives in Nepal and served from 1999 to 2002.
  4. Shanta Chaudhary:

     She is the Minister of Agriculture and Livestock Development in the Nepali government. She was appointed to the position in 2018.
  5. Urmila Aryal:

    She is a member of the Nepali Congress political party and was appointed as the Minister of Women, Children, and Senior Citizens in 2019.

Women are constantly striving to make an impact in the business world as well. They are launching successful startups and leading existing firms as entrepreneurs. The growth of microfinance companies, which provide small loans and financial services to women entrepreneurs, has contributed to the growing role of women in Nepali business. Government policies and initiatives have also contributed to the advancement of women's entrepreneurship and economic empowerment. In addition, the government has created the Women Entrepreneurship Development Program to provide training and support to women who want to start their own companies. Many other groups have also played an important role in encouraging women's entrepreneurship and economic empowerment.

Here are some of the women who are involved in the business:

  1. Kunti Shahi:

     She is the founder and CEO of Smart Tech Solution, a software development company based in Kathmandu. She is also the founder of the Women's Business Center, which provides training and support to women entrepreneurs.
  2. Sabrina Singh:

     She is the co-founder of Aji's, a popular chain of Mexican restaurants in Kathmandu. She is also the founder of Sabrina Singh and Associates, a marketing and advertising agency.
  3. Rita Singh:

     she is the founder of the IEC College of Art and Fashion, which offers courses in fashion design and merchandising. She is also the founder of the Rita Singh Foundation, which supports education and empowerment initiatives for women and girls.
  4. Roshni KC:

     She is the founder and CEO of Khaalisisi, a waste management startup that connects waste collectors with buyers.
  5. Sushmita Pandey:

     She is the founder and CEO of Urban Girl, an online shopping platform that specializes in women's clothing and accessories.

In the field of social and development work, women are at the forefront. They are making significant contributions in various fields, such as education, health, and human rights. In urban areas, many Nepali women are working to enhance access to education for women, recognizing that education is crucial in breaking the cycle of poverty and promoting gender equality. They are also focusing on improving health outcomes for their communities through initiatives like maternal and child health programs, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, clean water and sanitation, and other health services. Furthermore, Nepali women are playing a critical role in promoting human rights and social justice by addressing issues like gender-based violence, human trafficking, and child labor.

Some of the Nepali women who are contributing to the field of social and development work are:

  1. Anuradha Koirala:

     She is the founder of Maiti Nepal, a non-governmental organization that works to combat human trafficking and support survivors of trafficking and gender-based violence.
  2. Pushpa Basnet:

     She is the founder of the Early Childhood Development Center and Butterfly Home, which provide housing and education to children whose parents are incarcerated in Nepal's prison system.
  3. Radha Paudel:

     She is the founder of Action Works Nepal, which works to improve the lives of women and girls in rural areas through initiatives like menstrual hygiene education, health programs, and advocacy.
  4. Rita Thapa:

     She is the founder of Tewa, a women-led fund that supports grassroots women's organizations and promotes women's leadership and empowerment.
  5. Sharmila Karki:

     She is a social worker who works to provide education and support to women and girls in rural areas, with a focus on menstrual hygiene education.

Nepali women have come a long way and are making significant contributions to the development of the country. Despite significant challenges, women are showing that they can be leaders and change agents in a variety of fields. Their determination, resilience, and grit serve as an example to others and demonstrate that gender should not impede success.

Mon, 03 Apr 2023 12:47:53 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Social media in Nepali business Social media has become a blessing in every sector and country in the 21st century. It is the backbone of every business, not only in Nepal but across the globe. Our lives have become more convenient, comfortable, and fast-paced due to social media, and it is impossible to imagine life without it.

When it comes to social media in business, facilitates real-time communication with customers and the sharing of information. Additionally, social media can help businesses enhance their customer outreach, establish an online network, and promote and sell products and services through online platforms.

Selecting appropriate social media platforms that cater to the target audience can save valuable time and effort for businesses. Therefore, here are a few social media platforms that can be leveraged for business purposes:

  1. Social networking sites:

Social networking sites are online platforms that enable users to create public profiles and engage with other users. These sites facilitate the creation of personal profiles or pages, networking with others, and sharing information, including promotions, images, and videos. Establishing a business profile on social networking sites can aid in attracting followers, acquiring new customers, and building a brand. Examples of social networking sites include Facebook, Pinterest, and Instagram.

  1. Job networking sites:

These sites offer an online platform for professionals to engage with each other, join groups, post blogs, and share information. Job networking sites like LinkedIn enable individuals to build a professional business profile and connect with networks of skilled people for recruitment and development purposes.

  1. Blogs:

Blogs are digital diaries where individuals can express their thoughts, observations, promotions, links, images, and videos. Typically, blogs are public and allow readers to interact with the author through comments. Blogs can be hosted in-house or through a blogging platform that offers software and website hosting. Some examples of free blogging tools include Blogger and WordPress.

  1. Video sharing sites:

These sites provide a platform for individuals and businesses to share content, promote products or services, and connect with audiences through video. Examples of video-sharing sites include YouTube, Vimeo, and Dailymotion.

  1. Private social network service:

Private social network services enable individuals to share information within a private network, which can be advantageous for businesses seeking to establish a secure organization-only network for sharing knowledge. Yammer is an example of a private social network service.

Nepali businesses are leveraging various types of social media content, such as podcasts, social news communities, and location-based services, to enhance their operations.

Here are some of the roles played by social media in Nepali business:

  1. Marketing and promotion:

Nepali businesses use social media sites like Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter to show their products to more people. They can make ads, post pictures and videos of their products, and talk to potential customers on social media.

  1. Customer engagement:

Nepali businesses are using social media to talk to their customers and help them. They can answer questions, fix problems, and tell customers about new things they have for sale.

  1. Sales:

Many Nepali businesses sell their products on Facebook, TikTok, Instagram, and other social media sites. They put up pictures of what they have and let customers buy them right there on the site.

Here are some of the advantages that social media offers to Nepali businesses:

  1. Increase market reach, including international markets:

Social media offers businesses a platform to expand their market reach, including globally, by creating content that resonates with a broader audience. It also facilitates engagement with international markets through cross-cultural communication, fosters relationships, and enhances brand awareness.

  1. Develop brand:

Social media enables businesses to engage with customers in real-time, improving customer engagement and building customer loyalty, which can help establish a strong brand identity. It can also provide an opportunity for businesses to develop and strengthen their brand identity through consistent messaging, increased brand awareness, visual branding, customer engagement, user-generated content, and influencer marketing.

  1. Exchange ideas to improve the way to do business:

Social media allows businesses to connect with other professionals and potential partners, leading to new ideas, collaborations, and partnerships. It also enables online collaboration among employees, partners, and stakeholders, enhancing communication, increasing productivity, and streamlining business processes.

  1. Keep an eye on competitors:

Social media enables businesses to monitor their competitors' social media activity, including the content they post, the frequency of their posts, and the engagement they receive from their followers. It also provides an opportunity to learn from competitors' successes and failures, which can help businesses, adjust their social media strategies and improve their performance.

  1. Customer insights:

Social media analytics provide businesses with valuable insights into customer behavior and preferences, enabling them to tailor products and services to meet customer needs.

Like everything else, social media has its advantages and disadvantages. In the context of Nepali business, some of the drawbacks of social media are:

  1. Distraction:

As everyone has become fond of social media nowadays, it can lead to distraction among employees and make them less productive. This distraction can also lead to lower-quality work and missed deadlines, which can ultimately harm the overall performance of a business.

  1. Negative feedback:

In the world of social media, customers have the power to share their opinions and experiences with a vast audience. While this can be beneficial for businesses with good products and services, it can be detrimental for those with poor-quality offerings.

  1. Misinformation:

With the ease and speed at which information can be shared on social media platforms, false information can quickly become viral and spread rapidly among the audience. This can have negative consequences for a business, such as a damaged reputation, the loss of customers, or decreased sales.

  1. Time-consuming:

Managing social media effectively can be a time-consuming task for businesses, as it requires dedicated resources to develop and implement a social media strategy, create content, and engage with customers. This can divert valuable time and resources away from other business operations, which can impact productivity and profitability.

  1. Security concerns:

Social media platforms are not immune to cyber threats and data breaches. They can be vulnerable to various security risks, including hacking, phishing, and malware attacks. If a cyberattack or data breach occurs, it can result in the theft of sensitive business and customer data, reputational damage, and financial loss.

Social media has become an essential tool for Nepali businesses to promote their products and services, connect with customers, and build their brands. With the use of social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, Tiktok, and Twitter, businesses can reach a wider audience, engage with customers, provide customer support, and even sell their products directly. With the advancement of technology, it is evident that social media will keep playing a more significant role in Nepali business, providing new opportunities for growth and success.

Sun, 02 Apr 2023 15:32:28 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Current Situation of Nepalese Agricultural Product It is often stated that Nepal is among the most stunning nations in the world, with its natural beauty being a major draw. However, the economic situation in Nepal is deteriorating with each passing day. Like all things, Nepal has its pros and cons. While its beauty is certainly a positive aspect, the worsening economic crisis is negative. It is common knowledge that Nepal's economy relies heavily on agriculture, with the sector accounting for 60% of the country's economic activity. Agriculture is undoubtedly the backbone of Nepal, but there are recent concerns about its declining state.

In recent times, there has been an abundance of news in Nepal highlighting the wastage of agricultural products. It is astonishing to learn that Nepalese farmers are discarding their produce due to inadequate prices, while the country is simultaneously importing agricultural goods from India. This is a shameful state of affairs for Nepal's economy.

Various analyses and case studies should be conducted to address the issue described above. The Nepalese government should also pay attention to this critical yet often overlooked issue. It is unacceptable that Nepal's agricultural production is being wasted while the same products are being imported from other countries. The government should inquire into the needs of farmers and determine ways to motivate them to increase their production. These are important questions that the government should be asking itself.

Here are some possible reasons why farmers may be wasting their agricultural products on the road rather than selling it in the market:

  1. Lack of Proper Market Access:

The agricultural marketing system in Nepal is characterized by a high degree of disorganization. The absence of any well-defined and structured system of measurement in rural areas has led to a situation where farmers are at the mercy of middlemen who exploit them. Farmers are not aware of the actual value of their products and are therefore unable to get a fair price. The middlemen determine the price of the products and often earn more than the farmers themselves. This has resulted in a demotivated farming community that is discouraged from increasing its production.

  1. Less Bargaining Power:

Low bargaining power means that farmers have limited ability to negotiate the prices and terms of sale for their products. When farmers are not able to get a fair price for their products, they may become demotivated to sell them. This is because they may feel that their hard work and efforts are not being appropriately compensated.

  1. Inadequate Irrigation Facilities:

Adequate irrigation is vital for agriculture, yet in Nepal, the irrigation facilities are insufficient. Nepalese farmers heavily rely on the monsoon for their irrigation needs, and only 55.8% of cultivated land has access to irrigation. Even the available irrigation facilities are not operational throughout the year, resulting in lower productivity. Without sufficient irrigation, it is impossible to increase productivity, which can ultimately lead to decreased production by farmers.

  1. Lack of Physical Infrastructure:

The development of agriculture in Nepal is hindered by the insufficient physical infrastructure necessary for its growth. Essential facilities such as roads, irrigation systems, equipment, machinery, warehouses, and market centers are necessary for the exchange of agricultural products and for increasing the income of farmers. The absence of proper infrastructure also impedes the marketing of products, resulting in lower sales.

  1. Inappropriate Government Policy:

The government's policy for the development of the agriculture sector in Nepal is inadequate. The agriculture policy does not consider the geographical location, regional prospects, or the needs of the people. Additionally, there is a lack of proper coordination between policies, priorities, programs, strategies, and their implementation, resulting in farmers not receiving a fair price for their products.

  1. Lack of Storage Facility:

Nepalese farmers do not have access to storage facilities for their products, which compels them to sell at low prices during the harvesting season. They are unable to store their products for sale when demand and prices are high. Additionally, a significant amount of agricultural products is damaged by insects and rodents in traditional warehouses.

  1. Existence of Middleman:

The majority of farmers in Nepal sell their products in local markets, which are typically intermediated by middlemen before reaching the ultimate consumers. As farmers lack organization, bargaining skills, and power, the pricing and flow of products heavily rely on middlemen. As a result, consumers end up paying higher prices, while farmers do not receive reasonable compensation for their products.

The Nepal government can take several measures to prevent farmers from wasting their products on the road and encourage them to sell in the market:

  1. Provision of Storage Facilities:

Nepalese farmers do not have adequate warehouse facilities for storing their agricultural products, resulting in damage to the products' quality by pests, insects, dust, and weather conditions. Therefore, the Nepalese government should provide sufficient cold storage warehouses to farmers to encourage increased production.

  1. Development of Transportation Facility:

Nepal's transportation network is inadequate, particularly in rural areas where all-weather roads are scarce and even existing transport facilities become unusable during the rainy season. As a result, farmers are unable to transport their products easily to market centers and sell them at reasonable prices. Therefore, the government should invest in the development of transportation facilities for agricultural products to improve farmers' access to markets.

  1. Establish Market Linkages:

Establishing market linkages between farmers and potential buyers can assist farmers in finding dependable buyers for their products and reduce the need to sell to middlemen at low prices.

  1. Ensure Proper Implementation of Policies:

The proper implementation of policies supporting the development of the agricultural sector by the government would create a conducive environment for farmers to sell their products at fair prices, ultimately reducing product wastage on the roads.

  1. Remedies of Middleman:

Middlemen discourage farmers from producing and selling their products by taking advantage of their lack of knowledge and bargaining power. Most farmers sell their products in local markets, with middlemen playing a significant role in the product's flow to the ultimate consumer. Therefore, the government should penalize middlemen who offer farmers low prices for their products while charging high prices to consumers.

While farmers may face challenges with their production, wasting is not an appropriate solution. If farmers have any issues with their production, they should communicate with relevant parties, but it's important to keep in mind that wasting is not a viable solution.

Sat, 25 Mar 2023 19:44:21 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Understanding Commercial Banks & A Complete Overview A commercial bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and provides various financial services, such as loans, credit cards, investment products, and other financial services. Commercial banks are profit-oriented institutions that offer services to individuals, businesses, and other organizations. They are regulated by government authorities and play a crucial role in the economy by providing credit to businesses and individuals, supporting economic growth, and contributing to financial stability. Commercial banks differ from investment banks in that they primarily deal with the public and their deposits, while investment banks primarily deal with underwriting and issuing securities.

History of Commercial Bank

Commercial banks in Nepal have a relatively recent history, dating back to the early 20th century. The first commercial bank in Nepal was the Nepal Bank Limited, which was established in 1937 with support from the government of Nepal and the British government.

However, the development of the banking sector in Nepal was slow until the 1960s, when the country began to open up to foreign investment and trade. In 1966, the Nepal Rastra Bank, the central bank of Nepal, was established to regulate and supervise the banking system in the country.

In the following years, several other commercial banks were established, including the Rastriya Banijya Bank in 1966, the Nepal Bank of Ceylon in 1975 (which later became the Bank of Ceylon), and the Standard Chartered Bank of Nepal in 1987. The liberalization of the Nepalese economy in the early 1990s led to a rapid expansion of the banking sector, with several new commercial banks being established. Today, over two dozen commercial banks are operating in Nepal, providing a wide range of banking services to individuals and businesses.

 The Nepalese banking sector has faced a number of challenges over the years, including political instability, natural disasters, and economic downturns. However, the sector has remained resilient and continues to play a vital role in the country's economy.

Types of Commercial Bank

Commercial banks are financial institutions that provide various banking services to individuals, businesses, and government entities. There are different types of commercial banks, including:

  1. Retail or consumer banks:

    These are commercial banks that offer a range of banking services to individual customers, such as checking and savings accounts, loans, credit cards, and mortgages.
  2. Corporate or business banks:

    These banks provide banking services to large corporations, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and other business entities. They offer services such as lending, investment banking, treasury management, and cash management.
  3. Investment banks:

    These banks primarily deal with providing investment services to their clients. They provide securities underwriting, mergers and acquisitions (M&A) advisory, and securities trading.
  4. Private banks:

    These banks provide personalized banking services to high-net-worth individuals (HNIs) and their families. They offer services such as wealth management, investment management, and estate planning.
  5. Cooperative banks:

    These banks are owned and operated by their members, who are typically from a common profession or geographic region. They offer services such as savings and loans, checking accounts, and other banking services.  
  6. Development banks:

    These banks focus on providing funding and other support to promote economic development in their countries. They offer services such as financing for infrastructure projects, SMEs, and social enterprises.

These are some of the common types of commercial banks. However, some banks may offer a combination of services and may not fit neatly into a single category.

Services Offered by Commercial Banks

Commercial banks in Nepal offer a wide range of services to their customers. Some of the services offered by commercial banks in Nepal include:

  1. Deposit accounts:

    Commercial banks in Nepal offer various types of deposit accounts, such as savings accounts, current accounts, fixed deposit accounts, and recurring deposit accounts. Customers can choose the type of account that suits their needs and earn interest on their deposits.
  2. Loans and credit:

    Commercial bank provides loans and credit to their customers for various purposes such as home loans, personal loans, business loans, and education loans. They also offer credit cards and overdraft facilities to their customers.
  3. Money transfers:

    Commercial banks in Nepal offer money transfer services such as wire transfers, electronic fund transfers, and remittances. Customers can transfer money within Nepal or internationally.
  4. Foreign exchange services:

    Commercial banks in Nepal provide foreign exchange services such as currency exchange, travel cards, and foreign currency accounts. Customers can buy or sell foreign currency at the prevailing exchange rate.
  5. Online banking:

    Commercial banks in Nepal provide online banking services to their customers, which allow them to access their accounts, transfer money, pay bills, and check account balances from anywhere.
  6. Investment services:

    Commercial banks in Nepal provide investment services such as mutual funds, stock trading, and investment advice. Customers can invest in various financial instruments through the bank.
  7. Insurance services:

    Some commercial banks in Nepal also offer insurance services such as life insurance, health insurance, and travel insurance.

These are some of the common services offered by commercial banks in Nepal. However, the services offered may vary from bank to bank.

Importance of Commercial Banks

Commercial banks play a vital role in the economy of a country. Commercial banks are important for a variety of reasons, including:

  1. Mobilization of savings:

    Commercial banks mobilize savings from individuals and businesses by offering various types of deposit accounts. These savings are then used to provide loans to individuals and businesses for various purposes.
  2. Credit creation:

    Commercial banks create credit by lending out a portion of the deposits they receive. This credit creation helps stimulate economic growth by providing funds to individuals and businesses to invest in various projects and expand their operations.
  3. Facilitate trade and commerce:

    Commercial banks provide various services, such as money transfers, foreign exchange, and trade finance, which facilitate trade and commerce within and outside the country. This, in turn, promotes economic growth and development.
  4. Provision of loans:

    Commercial banks provide loans to individuals and businesses for various purposes, such as home loans, personal loans, business loans, and education loans. This enables individuals and businesses to meet their financial needs and pursue their goals.
  5. Employment generation:

    The provision of credit by commercial banks helps to create employment opportunities in various sectors of the economy. Businesses can expand their operations, leading to increased employment opportunities for people.
  6. Payment and settlement system:

    Commercial banks provide payment and settlement services to individuals and businesses, which facilitate the smooth functioning of the economy. This enables businesses to carry out transactions seamlessly, leading to increased efficiency and productivity.
  7. Facilitate government operations:

    Commercial banks facilitate the operations of the government by providing banking services such as managing government funds, providing loans, and managing foreign exchange reserves.

In summary, commercial banks are important institutions that play a vital role in the economic development of a country. They help mobilize savings, create credit, facilitate trade and commerce, provide loans, generate employment, provide payment and settlement services, and facilitate government operations.

Regulations Governing Commercial Banks

Commercial banks are heavily regulated by various regulatory bodies to ensure their safety and soundness and to protect the interests of depositors and the stability of the financial system. Some of the regulations governing commercial banks include:

  1. Licensing:

    Commercial banks must obtain a license from the regulatory authority before they can start their operations. The regulatory authority sets certain standards and criteria that banks must meet before they are granted a license.  
  2. Capital requirements:

    Commercial banks are required to maintain a certain level of capital to ensure that they have enough funds to absorb potential losses. The regulatory authority sets minimum capital requirements that banks must meet.
  3. Reserve requirements:

    Commercial banks are required to maintain a certain percentage of their deposits as reserves with the central bank. This helps to ensure that banks have enough funds to meet the withdrawal demands of their customers.
  4. Disclosure requirements:

    Commercial banks are required to disclose their financial information to the regulatory authority and the public. This includes information about their assets, liabilities, capital, and operations.
  5. Supervision:

    Commercial banks are subject to ongoing supervision by the regulatory authority. This includes regular examinations of the bank's financial condition, risk management practices, and compliance with regulations.
  6. Consumer protection:

    Commercial banks are required to comply with consumer protection laws and regulations. These laws and regulations aim to protect the interests of depositors and borrowers by ensuring fair and transparent banking practices.
  7. Anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing:

    Commercial banks are required to implement measures to prevent money laundering and the financing of terrorism. This includes implementing customer due diligence measures, reporting suspicious transactions, and complying with sanctions regimes.

In summary, commercial banks are subject to various regulations and supervisory measures to ensure their safety and soundness and to protect the interests of depositors and the stability of the financial system. These regulations cover areas such as licensing, capital requirements, reserve requirements, disclosure requirements, supervision, consumer protection, anti-money laundering, and counter-terrorism financing.

Current Trends and Challenges facing Commercial Banks

  1. Increasing competition:

    With the entry of new players in the market, commercial banks in Nepal are facing increasing competition. Non-banking financial institutions, payment service providers, and fintech companies are offering innovative services, which is putting pressure on traditional banks to adapt and innovate.
  2. Digital transformation:

    The digital transformation of the banking industry is rapidly changing the way commercial banks operate. The adoption of digital technologies such as mobile banking, online banking, and digital payments is creating new opportunities and challenges for commercial banks in Nepal.
  3. Risk management:

    Commercial banks in Nepal are facing increasing risks, including credit risk, market risk, and operational risk. Banks must have robust risk management systems in place to identify, measure, and manage these risks.
  4. Capital requirements:

    Commercial banks in Nepal are subject to capital requirements set by the regulatory authority. Meeting these requirements can be challenging, especially for smaller banks, and can limit their ability to grow and expand their operations.
  5. Compliance requirements:

    Commercial banks in Nepal are subject to various compliance requirements, including anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing regulations. Compliance with these regulations can be time-consuming and costly.
  6. Financial inclusion:

    Despite progress in recent years, a significant portion of the population in Nepal remains unbanked. Commercial banks face the challenge of expanding their reach and providing services to underserved communities.
  7. Macroeconomic conditions:

    Commercial banks in Nepal are affected by the country's macroeconomic conditions, including inflation, exchange rates, and political stability. These factors can impact the profitability and stability of banks.

In summary, commercial banks in Nepal are facing a range of trends and challenges, including increasing competition, digital transformation, risk management, capital requirements, compliance requirements, financial inclusion, and macroeconomic conditions. Addressing these challenges will require banks to innovate, adapt, and implement effective risk management and compliance systems.

Sat, 25 Feb 2023 20:29:06 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Impact of Globalization on Nepal The word "globalization" refers to the increase in interconnectedness and interdependence of the world's economies, societies, and cultures. It is a process accelerated by technological, transportation, and communication improvements. It is the process by which one organization develops international influence or starts operating on an internal scale. 

The concept of globalization can be traced back centuries, but the term itself was popularized in the 1990s. Nepal has pursued a globalization policy since joining the World Trade Organization in 2004. 

Some of the positive impacts of globalization in the context of Nepal are listed below;

  1. Good relations with other countries: Globalization is very important to maintain good relationships with other countries around the world. When the countries enter into mutual trading, there will be an interaction between the people, which helps to maintain a good relationship with each other and exchange their ideas, cultures, knowledge, etc. with one another.
  2. Expansion of market: Globalization helps expand the markets of small countries like Nepal. It integrates the country with the rest of the world. Goods efficiently produced can be sold worldwide in an extensive international market. This will result in large-scale production.
  3. Technology transfer: Globalization has made it easier for Nepal to access new technologies and ideas from around the world. By adopting new technologies, Nepal can improve productivity, reduce costs, and increase competitiveness.
  4. Voice against global issues: Globalization has helped to raise voices against global issues by increasing connectivity, raising global awareness, enabling the formation of transnational advocacy networks, and facilitating the work of international organizations.
  5. Job opportunities: Globalization has increased job opportunities in capital-scarce, labor-rich, least-developed countries like Nepal and has contributed to the growth of the global economy.
  6. Access to various goods and services: Globalization has increased access to various goods and services available at a lower price in the country. People don't have to rely on one product or service, as they find various alternatives.
  7. Social-cultural transformation: Globalization has resulted in social and cultural transformation, as many countries have peacefully celebrated each other's cultures, religions, and traditions as a result of globalization. 
  8. People's participation: Globalization has increased people's willingness to demonstrate and speak out against injustice, inequality, and corruption. It directly or indirectly impacts Nepal as well, as people here raise their voices against such activities to show participation.
  9. Quality product: Globalization can help to create quality products by providing access to technology, increasing competition, developing global standards and regulations, facilitating collaboration and partnerships, and enabling manufacturers to receive feedback from customers around the world.
  10. Collaboration and partnership: Globalization can facilitate collaboration and partnerships between manufacturers, suppliers, and customers from around the world. This can lead to the sharing of knowledge and expertise.

 Some of the negative impacts of globalization are listed below:

  1. Erosion of national sovereignty and cultural homogenization: Globalization can lead to the erosion of national sovereignty and cultural homogenization by increasing economic interdependence, negotiating free trade agreements, creating powerful global corporations, spreading Western cultural values, and promoting standardization.
  2. Income inequality: Globalization can create income inequality in Nepal by creating a skewed distribution of benefits, increasing competition, concentrating wealth, undermining labor standards, and creating unequal access to education and training.
  3. Increased the gap between poor and rich countries: Globalization has increased the gap between poor and rich countries. As a result of multinational corporations' dominance, domestic businesses in least-developed countries such as Nepal have struggled to thrive.
  4.   Brain drain Nepal has experienced a significant brain drain as skilled workers such as doctors and engineers relocate to other countries for better opportunities, resulting in a skilled labor shortage in the country.
  5. Political Influence: It is one of the negative impacts of globalization in Nepal. The major world power tends to intervene in internal affairs and influence the leaders of the respective nations to work for them and for their self-interest, which is not always in the favor of the citizen of these countries.
  6. Empowering multinational companies: It has another negative impact. For example, when multinational companies open up their businesses in the host country, they make sure to earn lots of profit, and after work is finished, profits usually go back to their home nations, leaving the host nations with nothing in their hands.
  7. Job displacement: globalization can create job displacement in Nepal by increasing competition from imports, leading to the relocation of production, adopting automation and technology, shifting demand from traditional industries, and expanding the informal sector.

There will always be positive and negative aspects to everything, depending on what part of the world you are in. People who support globalization will emphasize its benefits, whereas those who oppose it will emphasize its drawbacks. Therefore, it is important for countries to carefully manage the process of globalization to ensure that its benefits are maximized and its negative impacts are minimized. This can be achieved through effective policies and regulations that promote sustainable and inclusive economic growth and cultural exchange.

Sat, 25 Feb 2023 20:23:57 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Popular street foods found in the Kathmandu Valley Nepal has a huge variety of ethnic cuisines; wherever you go, you can find different varieties of foods with different tastes. Not only for its natural beauty but also for its variety of food, every year thousands of tourists come here and provide their reviews of our food. Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal, is known for its vibrant street food culture, and many popular street foods can be found there.

Here are some of the most famous street foods that everyone should try: 

  • Momo:

Momo, which is known as dumplings and can be found in every street, restaurant, and hotel in Nepal, is filled with meat or vegetables and served with a spicy sauce called chutney. Momo can be consumed in different forms, including steamed, fried, in soup, and many more. Momo is one of the most popular dishes in Nepal because it is cheap, healthy, tasty, and available on almost every street corner in Kathmandu.

  • Chatpate:

Chatpate is one of the most popular and desired street foods in Kathmandu and throughout Nepal. Children, teenagers, as well as adults, especially females of almost every age group, are obsessed with chatpate. It is a spicy and tangy snack made with puffed rice, boiled potatoes, chopped onions, tomatoes, and coriander leaves. It is then mixed with tamarind sauce, chili powder, and other spices to give it a unique and delicious flavor.

  • Panipuri:

Panipuri is a popular street food snack that originated in India but has become popular in Nepal. It consists of small, crispy balls made from semolina or wheat flour that are filled with a mixture of spiced potatoes and chickpeas. The balls are then dipped in tangy, spicy water made from tamarind, cumin, chili powder, and other spices.

  • Chatamari:

Chatamari is a light food made with rice flour and topped with minced meat, eggs, or vegetables. It is a type of Nepali pizza as well as a traditional Newari food that is typically consumed during festivals and other special occasions. It is a popular snack among locals and tourists alike, found on many streets in Kathmandu Valley.

  • Sel Roti:

Sel Roti is a sweet street food in Kathmandu and other parts of Nepal that is a circular rice flour bread deep-fried in oil. The main ingredient is rice flour, which makes it crunchy and crispy on the outside and tender and soft on the inside. It is usually eaten during festivals or as a snack. It was mostly prepared in Dashain and Tihar before, but now it can be found everywhere and at any season.

  • Samosa:

Samosa is a triangular-shaped snack filled with mashed potatoes, onions, peas, and spices and deep-fried until golden brown. They are typically served with a variety of dipping sauces. Samosas are popular all over the world, and they can be found in many different types of cuisine, including Indian, Nepali, Middle Eastern, and African. Samosas can be found on every street corner in Kathmandu. 

  • Sekuwa:

Sekuwa is a popular Nepali street food that is often enjoyed in Kathmandu. It is a type of grilled meat that is marinated in a blend of spices and cooked over a charcoal fire. People can have chicken, mutton, pork, buff, etc. according to their tastes. It is a tasty and satisfying street food that is enjoyed by locals and tourists in the Kathmandu Valley.

  • Chana Masala:

Chana masala is a popular vegetarian street food made with chickpeas cooked in a spicy tomato-based sauce and served with bread or rice. It is a popular food that is enjoyed for its rich and spicy flavor, vegetarian ingredients, and accessibility, and it is a staple of the Kathmandu street food scene.

  • Chatt:

Chaat is a popular Indian snack that is found on the streets of Kathmandu. It is made with fried dough and topped with tomato, onion, yellow peas, curd, and coriander. To enhance the taste, spices like chili powder and cumin powder are also added. It is a popular vegetarian snack item and can be found in many street food stalls in the Kathmandu Valley.

  • Chhole Bhature:

Chhole bhature is a popular North Indian street food that has become popular in Nepal, especially in the New Road area of Kathmandu. It is a combination of chhole (spiced chickpeas) and bhature (deep-fried bread). Chhole is made by cooking chickpeas with a blend of spices such as cumin, coriander, turmeric, and garam masala, whereas bhature is made by mixing flour, yogurt, and semolina with a leavening agent like yeast or baking powder. It is a spicy chickpea curry served with deep-fried bread called bhature.

  • Chow mein:

Chow mein is a popular street food in Kathmandu that is enjoyed for its stir-fried noodles, vegetables (such as cabbage, carrots, and bell peppers), and sometimes meat, as well as its affordability. It is a filling and satisfying meal that is widely accessible throughout the city and is enjoyed by people of all ages and backgrounds.

  • Thukpa:

Thukpa is a popular street food in Kathmandu that originated in Tibet and has become popular in many parts of Nepal. It can be found at street food vendors, small restaurants, and cafes throughout the city. Thukpa is enjoyed for its hearty noodles, fresh vegetables, and warming broth. It is a nutritious and satisfying meal that is widely accessible throughout the city and is enjoyed by people of every age.

  • Laphing:

Laphing is a popular street food that originated in Tibet but has gained large popularity in Kathmandu, especially among the younger generation, due to its unique flavor, affordability, health benefits, socializing aspect, and vegetarian nature. It is a cold and spicy noodle dish made from mung bean starch and served with a variety of spicy sauces and toppings.

These are only a few of the numerous famous street ingredients that may be found in the Kathmandu Valley. The street food scene is constantly evolving, and new dishes are continually appearing, so there is usually something new to try. Street food is very popular in the Kathmandu Valley due to its affordability, variety, convenience, flavor, and socializing aspects. The craze for street food is likely to continue to grow as more people discover and fall in love with the vibrant and diverse street food scene in the valley.

Fri, 24 Feb 2023 17:04:11 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Popular Places to Visit in Chitwan: Explore Wildlife, Culture and Adventure Chitwan is a district located in the southwestern part of Nepal with an area of 2,238 square kilometers and a population of approximately 579,984 people (as of 2021). Chitwan is the fifth-largest city in Nepal and is known for its rich biodiversity. The district is also known for its vibrant festivals, such as the Tharu festival of Maghi and the Bisket Jatra festival. Tourism is a major industry in Chitwan, with visitors from all over the world coming to explore the Chitwan National Park and its rich flora and fauna.

The most visited and best places to visit in Chitwan are:

  1. Chitwan National Park:

Chitwan National Park is the first national park ever established in Nepal. It is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Nepal. The park covers an area of 932 square kilometers and is situated in the subtropical Terai lowlands of Nepal. It is characterized by dense forests, grasslands, and rivers. Chitwan National Park is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including the one-horned rhinoceros, Bengal tigers, Asian elephants, and more than 500 species of birds. It is a critical habitat for many endangered species and is recognized as one of the most important reserves in Asia for the conservation of different animals.

Visitors coming into the national park can enjoy a variety of activities, including jungle safaris on elephants or in four-wheel drive vehicles, canoe rides on the Rapti River, bird watching, and guided walks through the park. It is the best place to visit for nature lovers.

  1. Bishazari Tal:

In the Chitwan district, Bishazari Tal is a popular tourist destination. It is not only a single lake; it consists of a group of small lakes and ponds located in a forested area. The area around Bishazari Lake is also known as the Chitwan National Park Buffer Zone and is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. Bird watching is a popular activity at Bishazari Lake because the lakes and surrounding forests are home to over 250 different species of birds, including several rare and endangered species. Visitors can enjoy hiking, fishing, and boating on the lakes. The chirping of birds and animal sounds made the jungle tour more interesting.

  1. Jalbire Waterfall:

Another tourist destination in Chitwan is the Jalbire Waterfall, also known as Lamo Jharana, a beautiful waterfall situated in the Jalbire River, which originates in the Mahabharat Range and flows down to the Chitwan Valley. It is one of the longest waterfalls (approximately 60 meters high) in Nepal. The waterfall is popular with both locals and tourists who come to enjoy the natural beauty of the area. The waterfall is surrounded by lush green forests and hills, and visitors are advised to take appropriate safety precautions as the terrain around the waterfall can be steep and slippery.

  1. Devghat:

Devghat is a popular religious and cultural site located in Chitwan. It is a holy place for both Hindus and Buddhists and is home to several temples, ashrams, and hermitages. Devghat is believed to be the place where gods Rama and Laxman came to pray and meditate during their exile and is also associated with the Hindu god Vishnu. It is also believed to be the place where the Pandavas from the Hindu epic Mahabharata visited during their exile.

Besides its religious significance, Devghat is also known for its natural beauty and is a popular destination for nature lovers and outdoor enthusiasts. The site is situated at the confluence of two rivers and is surrounded by hills and forests.

  1. Chitwan Tharu village:

Chitwan Tharu Village is the most visited tourist destination in Chitwan, where thousands of visitors come every year to learn about the unique culture and lifestyle of the Tharu people. The Tharu people are known for their colorful costumes and unique dances, and visitors to the village can enjoy a traditional Tharu cultural performance, which includes dance and music.

Since the village is located in the buffer zone of the Chitwan National Park, the Tharus have developed a unique relationship with their natural environment and have developed sustainable farming and fishing practices.

  1. Sauraha Art village:

Sauraha Art Gallery is a popular art gallery located in the town of Sauraha that showcases the work of local and national artists and features a wide range of art forms, including paintings, sculptures, and handicrafts. It is a big collection of traditional and creative arts that represent a diverse range of styles and techniques.Especially for art lovers, it is the most visited place in the Chitwan district.

  1. Elephant breeding center:

The elephant breeding center is another tourist attraction located in the Sauraha region, where it protects more than 20 elephants. The breeding center is home to several elephants. Visitors can get up close and personal with the elephants while learning about their behavior, biology, and conservation, as well as how they spend their days breastfeeding, eating, and sleeping. Visitors to the center can also enjoy elephant rides and take part in the care and feeding of the elephants.

  1. Shiraichuli Hill:

Shiraichuli Hill is one of the highest peaks in Chitwan and offers stunning sunrise and sunset views at its top. Shiraichuli Hill is situated in the western part of Chitwan, near the border with the Tanahun district, and offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. Hiking and trekking are popular on the hill, and breathtaking views of the Chitwan Valley and the Himalayan range, including Annapurna, Dhaulagiri, and Manaslu, can also be seen from Shiraichuli hill.

  1. Sauraha Tharu Culture House:

Another popular destination in the Chitwan district is Sauraha Tharu Culture House, a museum and cultural center that preserves and promotes the traditional Tharu culture and way of life. The Sauraha Tharu Culture House is a great place to gain a deeper understanding and appreciation of the Tharu people and their culture. Visitors can watch traditional Tharu dance performances and participate in cultural workshops such as basket weaving, pottery making, and traditional cooking.

Overall, the Chitwan area is a must-visit location for tourists visiting Nepal since it offers a distinctive and varied range of activities, from animal safaris to cultural immersion.

Wed, 22 Feb 2023 18:40:24 +0545 Alisha Dahal
The Central Bank of Nepal: Understanding its Classification, Meaning, and Crucial Functions Meaning of Bank:

While the meaning of "bank" varies from country to country, in Nepal, "bank" can be defined as a financial institution that deals with money and credit and provides financial services to its customers by depositing and lending money and credit. The bank is important in any economy because it provides a secure and safe place to keep the money as well as credit to those in need. 

Classification of Bank:

Banks can be classified into different categories based on various factors such as ownership, functions, and geographic scope:

  1. Based on ownership:

  • Public sector banks:

Banks that are owned and run by the government are referred to as "public-sector banks." In Nepal, several public-sector banks are regulated by the central bank of the country. Nepal Bank Limited, Rastriya Banijya Bank Limited, Agriculture Development Bank Limited, Nepal Investment Bank Limited, etc. are some of the private sector banks of Nepal.

  • Public sector banks:

These are the banks that are operated and owned by private individuals or companies. These banks are also regulated by the central bank. Nabil Bank Limited, Standard Chartered Bank Nepal Limited, Himalayan Bank Limited, and Everest Bank Limited are some of the private sector banks in Nepal.

  • Cooperative banks:

These are banks that are owned and operated by their members, who are typically customers of the bank. These banks are regulated by the central bank of Nepal. Sunrise Bank Limited, Mahila Sahayatra Microfinance Bittiya Sanstha Limited, and Tinau Bikas Bank Limited are some cooperative banks in Nepal.

  1. Based on geographic scope:

  • National banks:

These are banks that operate within a single country and are owned by the government. In Nepal, the national bank is the Nepal Rastra Bank.

  • International banks:

These are banks that operate across multiple countries and have a global presence. Standard Chartered Bank, Citibank, Himalayan Bank Limited, and ICICI Bank Limited are some of the international banks in Nepal.

  1. Based on functions:

  • Commercial banks:

Commercial banks are the "A" class financial institutions in Nepal, which accept deposits from the public, make funds from those deposits, and provide loans to those in need with the main objective of earning profit. These banks are regulated by the central bank of Nepal. Nepal Bank Ltd., Rastriya Banijya Bank, and Nepal Investment Bank Limited are some of the commercial banks in Nepal.

  • Investment banks:

These are the banks that provide investment banking services such as underwriting, advisory, and fund management to their clients. NIBL Ace Capital Limited, Sanima Capital Limited, and Civil Capital Market Limited are some of the investment banks in Nepal.

  • Central banks:

These are the banks that are responsible for managing a country's monetary policy and regulating the banking industry.

Brief information about Central Bank:

The Central Bank is the largest financial institution in the entire banking system of our country. It is the regulatory and supervisory authority for the banking and financial sector in Nepal. The Nepal Rastra Bank is the only central bank in our country. The Nepal Rastra Bank was established in 1956 (13 BS) under the Nepal Rastra Bank Act, 1955 (2012 BS).

As per the Nepal Rastra Bank Act, 2002, the objectives of NRB are:

  • To develop and manage the necessary monetary and foreign exchange policies to maintain price stability and the balance of payments for economic stability and long-term economic growth. 
  • To improve access to financial services and boost public trust in the banking and financial system by ensuring the sector's stability, 
  • To develop a secure, healthy, and efficient system of payment.

Here are some of the functions that are carried out by the central bank:

  1. Issue of banknotes and coins:

The central bank is the only financial institution that has monopoly power over note issues as it is authorized to issue currency and notes. The Nepal Rastra Bank began issuing notes in 1921 (2016 B.S.) and now also mints coins.

  1. Formulate monetary policy and implement it:

With the objective of promoting price stability and sustainable economic growth, the central bank is responsible for formulating and implementing monetary policy in Nepal. It uses a range of tools, such as setting interest rates and reserve requirements, to influence the availability of credit and the money supply in the economy.

  1. Formulate foreign exchange policy and maintain a foreign exchange reserve:

The central bank manages the country's foreign exchange reserves to manage international transactions, maintain market stability, and support the balance of payments. 

  1. Act as a government bank and financial agent and advisor:

The central bank serves as the banker, agent, and advisor of the government. The government receives every necessary banking facility through the central bank. On behalf of the government, the central bank takes deposits of cash, checks, and drafts and also transfers funds between government accounts.

  1. Act as a bank of banks:

The central bank provides banking services to financial institutions as well as controls and regulates a country's banking system. That is why it is referred to as the bank of all banks. Banking and financial institutions can be established only with the prior approval of the Nepal Rastra Bank.

  1. Regulate, inspect, supervise, and monitor the banks and financial institutions of a country:

The NRB regulates, supervises, and monitors commercial banks, development banks, finance companies, and other financial institutions operating in Nepal. It sets efficient regulations and supervises compliance with these regulations to ensure the safety and soundness of the financial system.

  1. Functions as a lender as a last resort:

If commercial banks, development banks, and other financial institutions are unable to meet their financial requirements from other sources, they may turn to the central bank for financial help. The central bank provides them with financial help; that's why they are known as lenders of last resort.

  1. Control credit:

Since uncontrolled credit causes an economic crisis in an economy, controlling credit is the most important function of the central bank. Inflation is caused by the overexpansion of credit, whereas deflation is caused by an expansion of credit. Therefore, the central bank controls credit by using instruments like the bank rate, cash reserves, and open market operations.

  1. Develop secure, healthy, and efficient modes of payment:

The central bank is committed to promoting the development of secure, healthy, and efficient modes of payment in Nepal, to improve the country's financial system and support economic growth.

  1. Carry clearing house function:

The Clearinghouse is a system that facilitates the transfer of funds between banks, allowing them to settle their payment obligations with one another. The clearinghouse receives payment instructions from each participating bank and matches the payment orders to ensure that the appropriate funds are transferred between banks. The clearinghouse then settles the net payment obligations between banks, with the NRB acting as the settlement agent.

Mon, 20 Feb 2023 19:18:20 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Common Herbs and Spices Used in Nepal "The green forest is the wealth of Nepal," and different vast herbs are hidden in those forests. And because of the different herbs found there, Nepal is considered the country with the largest number of herbs in the world. Nepal has a long history of using medicinal herbs to cure and prevent a variety of illnesses. The nation offers a diverse variety of medicinal plants that are utilized by traditional healers and in Ayurvedic medicine and it is rich in biodiversity. Yarsagumba, ashwagandha, turmeric, aloe vera, neem, giloy, tulsi, ginger, garlic, black pepper, and cinnamon are a few of the widely used medicinal plants in Nepal. Some popular medical herbs in Nepal include:

1.       Yarsagumba (caterpillar fungus):

Yarsagumba commonly referred to as caterpillar fungus, is a costly and rare medicinal herb that is indigenous to Nepal's Himalayan area as well as Tibet and Bhutan. Yarsagumba is believed to provide a variety of health advantages, including enhancing vigor and vitality, boosting vigor and energy, strengthening the lungs and kidneys, halting hemorrhaging, and reducing phlegm. Yaesagymba can also help with allergy difficulties, cardiovascular disorders, sexual health, irregular heartbeats, and building a powerful immune system.

2.       Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera):

It is a well-known medicinal plant with native populations in India, Nepal, and other parts of South Asia. It has been used for thousands of years in Ayurvedic medicine to improve general health and wellness. The root and berry are used to manufacture traditional medicines. Ashwagandha is said to have several health advantages and is used to treat a variety of illnesses, such as stress and anxiety, insomnia, exhaustion, skin ailments, even diabetes, gastrointestinal problems, and joint pain. It is also thought to strengthen physical endurance, enhance brain function, and raise immunity.

3.       Turmeric (Curcuma longa):

It is a well-known spice and healing herb that is native to South Asia and is made from the root of the Curcuma longa plant. Many medical diseases, such as arthritis, digestive issues, respiratory issues, and skin conditions, are all treated with turmeric. Turmeric is good for the brain and can help with arthritis. Moreover, it is thought to possess neuroprotective qualities and lower the risk of Alzheimer's disease. Turmeric is frequently used by people with osteoarthritis. In addition, hay fever, depression, excessive cholesterol, a specific form of liver disease, and itching are treated with it. Also thought to possess anti-cancer qualities, turmeric may aid in halting the development and spread of cancer cells.

4.       Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis miller):

Succulent plants like aloe vera are frequently utilized in traditional medicine and cosmetics. Vitamins, minerals, and other active substances found in aloe vera have several positive health advantages for individuals. A gel-like material found in its leaves, which has been found to have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and wound-healing qualities, is also rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Aloe vera is also utilized in several cosmetic goods, such as moisturizers, shampoos, and sunscreens.

5.       Neem (Azadirachta indica):

Neem is an Indian subcontinent tree whose leaves, bark, seeds, and oil have been used in traditional medicine for generations. It includes substances with antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory activities, such as azadirachtin, Nimbin, and nimbidin. Neem is often used for skin and hair care, but it can also be used as an insecticide and pesticide. Neem has a multipurpose use in Nepal, including shade, toothbrush sticks, medicinal herbs, storage pest repellents, fodder, firewood, timber, fruit, animal bedding materials, and so on.


6.       Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia):

The perennial climbing vine called Giloy, also known as Tinospora cordifolia (also called Gurjo in Nepali), is indigenous to India. Due to their immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant qualities, its stem and roots have been treated in Ayurvedic medicine. Giloy is used to enhance digestion, increase immunity, treat fever, lower anxiety, help with respiratory issues, treat diabetes, treat arthritis, and reduce the effects of aging. Moreover, it is thought to be anti-cancer.

7.       Tulsi (Ocimum tenuiflorum):

Ocimum tenuiflorum is the scientific name for tulsi, also referred to as holy basil. It is commonly implemented in Ayurvedic medicine and has several positive health effects, including the ability to lower inflammation, boost the immune system, and lessen stress. It's frequently consumed as herbal tea. Even though tulsi is used to treat a variety of conditions, including diabetes, high cholesterol, anxiety, and stress, there is no good scientific evidence to support any of these uses.

8.       Ginger (Zingiber officinale):

Zingiber officinale is the scientific name for the flowering plant species known as ginger. It has a variety of medical benefits in addition to being a common spice in many cuisines. Ginger is used to treating nausea, vomiting, digestive problems, ovarian cancer, and colon cancer; reduce pain and inflammation; relieve menstrual cramps; and prevent diabetic nephropathy. It also has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

9.       Garlic (Allium sativum):

Zingiber officinale is the scientific name for the species of flowering plant known as ginger. It has a variety of medical benefits in addition to being a common spice in many cuisines. Ginger is used to treating nausea, vomiting, digestive problems, ovarian cancer, and colon cancer, reduce pain and inflammation, relieve menstrual cramps, and prevent diabetic nephropathy. It also has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

10.   Black pepper (Piper nigrum):

Black pepper is a plant species with the scientific name Piper nigrum. Black pepper is known as "the king of spices" and has been used in ancient Ayurvedic medicine for thousands of years. It is a commonly used spice in many cuisines and has various health benefits. Black pepper can be used for a variety of purposes, including weight loss, detoxification, cancer prevention, cleansing the intestines and stomach, aiding in the production of red blood cells, being high in vitamin B and calcium production, preventing constipation and preventing skin deformation and wrinkles. It consists of potassium, which helps regulate heart rate and high blood pressure.

11.   Cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum):

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) is a spice obtained by extracting it from the bark, leaves, flowers, fruits, and roots of the cinnamon tree. It is commonly used in both sweet and savory dishes. Cinnamon helps with blood sugar control, protects against heart disease, and reduces inflammation. Cinnamon has been used for its medicinal properties for centuries, and research suggests it may have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial effects.

    These herbs are used to treat a variety of illnesses, including digestive problems, respiratory issues, skin conditions, and inflammation because they are thought to have therapeutic characteristics. For their flavor and medicinal properties, several of these herbs are also utilized in traditional Nepalese cuisine. To ensure the safe and efficient use of these herbs, it's crucial to emphasize that their use should be under the supervision of a qualified healthcare practitioner.

Fri, 17 Feb 2023 22:45:13 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Relationship between Nepal and India The diplomatic relations between India and Nepal were established on June 17, 1947. The relationship between Nepal and India is involuntary and has a long history. India and Nepal have maintained amicable and cooperative relations, predicated on the principles of mutual deference, understanding, and cooperation. The two countries share a long and porous border, and there are proximate cultural, economic, and political ties between them. Historically, Nepal was a Hindu monarchy, and India accommodated it as a source of cultural, religious, and economic influence. In recent decades, the relationship between Nepal and India has been characterized by both cooperation and tension. On the other hand, India is Nepal's largest trading partner and a major investment and development source. The two countries additionally cooperate on security, trade, and energy issues.

On the other hand, there have been tensions between the two countries over issues such as the management of their shared border, trade imbalances, and Nepali perceptions of Indian interference in its domestic politics and territorial issues.

India has provided significant assistance to Nepal in various fields, including:

  1. Education:

    India has made a great contribution to generating human resources by providing different education facilities. India offers scholarships to Nepalese students to pursue higher education in various fields at Indian universities and institutions.
  2. Economic Development:

    India has extended economic and financial assistance to Nepal, including providing grants and loans for development projects such as infrastructure development, health and education, and energy sector projects.
  3. Trade and Commerce:

    India is one of Nepal's largest trading partners and provides market access to Nepali products. India has facilitated the development of cross-border trade and investment between the two countries.
  4. Humanitarian Assistance:

    India has assisted in natural disasters and emergencies in Nepal. such as relief materials, medicines, and rescue teams.
  5. Security Cooperation:

    India and Nepal cooperate closely on issues of security and border management, including anti-terrorism efforts and intelligence sharing.
  6. Cultural Exchanges:

    India and Nepal have a rich cultural heritage, and India has supported cultural exchanges between the two countries to strengthen cultural ties.

India's assistance to Nepal has been focused on the education system, promoting economic development, stability, and security in the region, and enhancing the welfare of the people of Nepal.

India provides a helping hand to Nepal for several reasons, including:

  1. Strategic Interests:

    India sees Nepal as an important partner in South Asia and recognizes its strategic importance in maintaining regional stability and security. India recognizes the role that Nepal can play in promoting regional integration and cooperation.
  2. Economic Interests:

    India has a strong economic interest in Nepal, as it is one of India's largest trading partners and provides market access to Indian goods and services. India also recognizes the potential for further economic cooperation and investment in areas including hydropower, tourism, trade, and so on.
  3. Cultural Ties:

    India and Nepal share a strong cultural heritage, and India recognizes the importance of preserving and promoting these cultural ties for the benefit of both countries
  4. Humanitarian Concerns:

    India has been providing humanitarian assistance to its neighbors, including during natural disasters and emergencies, and it has extended this support to Nepal.
  5. Regional Cooperation:

    India views its relationship with Nepal as part of its broader strategy for regional cooperation and integration in South Asia, and it recognizes the role that Nepal can play in promoting regional stability and security.

India's helping hand to Nepal reflects a combination of strategic, economic, cultural, and humanitarian interests, and recognition of the importance of a strong and stable partnership between the two countries.

Nepal and India have a close relationship, and Nepal has also provided various forms of assistance to India in several areas, including:

  1. Security Cooperation:

    Nepal has cooperated with India in maintaining security and stability in the region, particularly in terms of managing the shared border and combating terrorism and organized crime.
  2. Hydroelectric Power:

    To meet India's rising energy needs, Nepal and India have struck several agreements to develop hydroelectric projects. Nepal can generate a significant amount of hydroelectricity.
  3. Water Resource Management:

    Nepal is an important source of water for India, and the two countries have been working together to manage their shared water resources effectively.
  4. Tourism:

    The Nepali government has been making efforts to attract tourists from India and strengthen cultural and economic relations because Nepal is a popular tourist destination for Indians.
  5. Labor Migration:

    Nepal is a source of labor migration to India, including in the construction and hospitality sectors, and has been working with India to ensure the rights and welfare of Nepali workers in India.

Nepal's assistance to India has been aimed at enhancing regional cooperation and promoting economic development, stability, and security in the region.

Nepal continues its friendship with India for several reasons:

  1. Proximity and Interdependence:

    Nepal and India share a long and porous border, and the two countries are closely interdependent in terms of trade, investment, and people-to-people ties. This proximity and interdependence make it important for both countries to maintain good relations.
  2. Cultural Ties:

    Nepal and India share a rich cultural heritage, and there are close cultural, religious, and linguistic ties between the two countries. This shared heritage helps to strengthen the friendship between the two countries.
  3. Economic Benefits:

    India is one of Nepal's largest trading partners, and Nepali products have access to the large Indian market. India is also a major source of investment and development assistance for Nepal, and these economic ties help to sustain the friendship between the two countries.
  4. Security Cooperation:

    Nepal and India cooperate closely on issues of security and border management, and both countries recognize the importance of maintaining stability and security in the region.
  5. Regional Integration:

    Nepal recognizes the importance of regional cooperation and integration in South Asia, and it sees its friendship with India as an important part of this process.

Nepal's friendship with India reflects a combination of historical, cultural, economic, and security considerations, and recognition of the importance of a strong and stable partnership between the two countries.

Nepal can take several steps to maintain and strengthen its relationship with India in the future:

  1. Promoting Trade and Investment:

    Nepal can work to enhance trade and investment ties with India, particularly in areas such as hydropower, tourism, and agriculture, which have the potential to create jobs and boost economic growth.
  2. Strengthening Cultural Ties:

    Nepal can continue to promote cultural exchanges with India, including through programs like student exchanges and cultural festivals, to help preserve and strengthen the rich cultural heritage shared by the two countries.
  3. Improving Border Management:

    Nepal and India can work together to improve border management, including through measures such as increased border infrastructure and enhanced cross-border trade and investment.
  4. Enhancing Regional Cooperation:

    Nepal can play an active role in promoting regional cooperation and integration in South Asia, including through participation in regional organizations like the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).
  5. Building Mutual Trust:

    Nepal can work to build mutual trust with India by addressing sensitive issues constructively and transparently and working together to find mutually acceptable solutions.

By taking these steps, Nepal can maintain and invigorate its relationship with India and enhance regional stability, security, and prosperity in South Asia. The relationship between Nepal and India is of great importance for both countries and the region as a whole. It is consequential for both sides to collaborate to address their differences and reinforce their ties for the benefit of the people of both countries.

Tue, 14 Feb 2023 15:56:43 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Explore the Cultural Heritage and Natural Wonders of Pokhara Pokhara is one of the great destinations for a long, relaxing holiday filled with majestic beauty. It is the second-most visited tourist destination in Nepal. Pokhara is a city in Nepal known for its stunning natural beauty and rich cultural heritage. It is situated in the western part of the country and is the second-largest city in Nepal after Kathmandu. Pokhara is often referred to as the "Gateway to the Himalayas" because of its proximity to some of the highest mountain peaks in the world, including Mount Everest. The city is surrounded by lush green forests and rolling hills and is home to several stunning lakes, including the famous Phewa Lake. Pokhara is also a hub for adventure activities such as trekking, rafting, paragliding, and more. The city is well-known for its vibrant nightlife, with a wide range of bars, cafes, and restaurants catering to both locals and tourists.

Top of Form

Pokhara is also rich in cultural heritage, with several temples and monasteries that showcase the religious and cultural heritage of the region. Some examples of religious and cultural heritage include: 

  1. Bindhyabasini Temple:

Bindhyabasini Temple, a historical and religious monument in Pokhara Valley, is located on a hillock between Bagar. Goddess Bindhyabasini, a Bhagawati who is believed to be Goddess Kali's incarnation, is worshipped here. Saraswati Mandir, Hanuman Mandir, Shiva Mandir, Vishnu Mandir, and Ganesha Mandir are the other temples inside the Bindhyabasini Temple compound.

  1. Peace pagoda:

Pokhara is famous for the World Peace Stupa, which is a popular destination for both pilgrims and tourists. The Pokhara Peace Pagoda is a large white dome-shaped structure surrounded by prayer flags and beautifully landscaped gardens. Visitors are welcome to come and meditate or simply enjoy the peaceful atmosphere. The Peace Pagoda is also a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from all over the world who come to admire the views, learn about Buddhism, and experience the peaceful environment.

  1. Barahi Temple:

Barahi Temple is the Hindu goddess temple built as a symbol of the manifestation of Ajima, representing the female force, and is also known as "Lake Temple" or "Tal Barahi Temple." It is located in the middle of Phewa Lake and has become the most important religious monument in Pokhara Valley. The temple is a popular tourist destination, attracting both local and international visitors.

Why Pokhara is dubbed "the city of ten lakes"? 

Pokhara is known as the "City of Lakes" because it is located near several large and picturesque lakes, including:

  1. Phewa:

Phewa Lake is the second-largest lake in Nepal and is located at an altitude of 742 m (2,434 ft). The surface of Phewa Lake is famous for reflecting Mount Machhapuchhre and other mountain peaks. It is also famous for its stunning beauty and scenic views. Pokhara is a popular destination for trekkers and adventure seekers, and Phewa Lake is a great starting point for exploring the surrounding hills and mountains. Phewa Lake is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Nepal.

  1. Begnas:

Begnas Lake is the second-largest lake in Nepal, located in the Kaski district at an altitude of approximately 643 meters above sea level. A beautiful shadow of the Annapurna and Manaslu mountains can be seen from Begnas Lake. With its stunning natural beauty and tranquil atmosphere, Begnas Lake is a must-visit destination for both internal and external tourists to the Pokhara Valley.

  1. Rupa:

It is the third-largest lake in Pokhara Valley, with an altitude of 600 m. It is surrounded by lush green forests and hills, making it a popular spot for nature lovers, bird watchers, and outdoor enthusiasts. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Pokhara, offering boating, fishing, swimming, and picnicking activities for visitors to enjoy the breathtaking scenery. 

Other Lakes include:

  • Khaste
  • Dipang
  • Maidi
  • Gude
  • Niureni
  • Kashyap
  • Kamal

These lakes provide a breathtaking backdrop for the city and offer a variety of recreational activities such as boating, fishing, and swimming. In addition, the lakes also help to create a cool and relaxing atmosphere in the city, making it a popular tourist destination for those looking to escape the heat and enjoy the natural beauty of the region. With its stunning mountain views, tranquil lakes, and relaxed atmosphere.

Why Pokhara is also known as the "City of Caves"

Pokhara is also known as the "City of Caves" due to the presence of several significant cave systems in the surrounding hills and mountains that are of significant cultural and religious importance and are considered sacred by many residents. 

  1. Mahendra Cave:

One of the most famous caves in Pokhara is the Mahendra Gufa, a large limestone cave that was discovered in the 1950s. This cave is located near Pokhara and is one of the largest caves in South Asia. It was originally called "Aadhero Bhawan," which translates to "Dark Habitat," and was later renamed "Mahendra Cave" after Nepalese King Mahendra. It is a significant site for Hindu pilgrims, who visit the cave to pay homage to Lord Shiva, which can attract both tourists and pilgrims.

  1. Gupteshwor Mahadev cave:

Gupteshwor Mahadev Cave is the most famous cave in Nepal, said to have been discovered in the 16th century. Visitors to Gupteshwor Cave can also enjoy the nearby scenic waterfall and the lush vegetation that surrounds the area. It is an important natural and cultural site in Nepal that attracts both tourists and pilgrims.

  1. Bat cave (chamero gufa):

Bat Cave, also known as "Chamero Gufa" in Nepali, is one of Pokhara's most famous caves. It is the bats' home on the cave's ceiling and walls. The "small world of bats" is thought to be an exciting and frightening place full of bats. Bat Cave is a unique and fascinating destination in Pokhara Valley, offering visitors the opportunity to see bats in their natural habitat and enjoy the beauty of the region.

The caves of Pokhara offer a unique and fascinating glimpse into the geology and history of the region and are a popular destination for tourists and adventure-seekers.

Overall, Pokhara is a city that offers a unique blend of natural beauty, adventure, and culture. It is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Nepal and is considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world.

Sat, 11 Feb 2023 19:15:33 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Scope of Hotel (Hospitality) Management in Nepal Hotel management refers to an area of study that covers a wide range of topics concerned with the operational aspects of the business. Hotel management is all about managing the different departments and areas of the hotel with the help of skilled and qualified manpower and a positive attitude while providing service to generate profit by satisfying guests. Hotel management is the management of different areas or sectors inside or outside the hotel premises that bring in good business and thereby allow the hotel to serve its guests at their best by ensuring a high level of satisfaction.

The Oxford Dictionary defines hospitality as "the reception and entertainment of guests, visitors, or strangers with liberty and goodwill." In Nepali culture, guests are treated like God, as expressed in the Sanskrit slogan "Atithi Devo Bhava." The hospitality sector currently occupies approximately 9.6% of the global sector, and the UNWTO intends to increase the sector's economic portion from tourism and hospitality to 10%.

Hotel management in Nepal is a growing field due to the increase in tourism in the country. Managers in Nepal face unique challenges such as language barriers and cultural differences, as well as the impact of political instability. However, there are also many opportunities for hotel management professionals in Nepal, as the government is investing in the tourism industry and new hotels are being developed. The hotel management field in Nepal includes various aspects such as front office management, housekeeping, food, and beverage service, kitchen management, and more. There are different types of hotels in Nepal, such as luxury, budget, and boutique hotels, and job opportunities in each. The future of hotel management in Nepal looks promising with an increasing number of tourists visiting the country.

The tourism industry in Nepal is currently in a state of growth. The number of tourists visiting Nepal has been increasing in recent years, with a steady rise in both domestic and international visitors. According to the Nepal Tourism Board, the country welcomed 1.4 million foreign tourists in 2020, and the number of visitors is expected to increase in the coming years.

The Nepalese government has been promoting tourism as a major economic driver and has implemented various initiatives to attract tourists to the country. These include the development of new infrastructure, such as airports and roads, as well as the promotion of adventure tourism, eco-tourism, and cultural tourism. The government has also been focusing on diversifying the tourism product in Nepal to attract a wider range of tourists.

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the tourism industry in Nepal, as travel restrictions and border closures have limited the number of tourists visiting the country. However, the country has started to gradually open up for tourism, and the industry is slowly recovering. The tourism industry in Nepal is a significant contributor to the country's economy, providing employment opportunities and income for local communities. The industry is expected to continue to grow in the future, providing opportunities for the hotel management sector as well.

The growth potential for the hotel sector in Nepal is positive due to the increasing number of tourists visiting the country. The Nepalese government is investing in the tourism industry and promoting the country as a tourist destination, which is expected to drive the growth of the hotel sector. The development of new hotels and resorts to meet the demand is also expected to contribute to the growth of the hotel sector. Additionally, the diversification of the tourism product in Nepal is also expected to attract a wider range of tourists, which would lead to more demand for hotel accommodation.

In Nepal, various areas of hotel management are in demand; some of them are:

  1. Front Office Management:

    This includes managing the reception, reservations, and guest services. As the front office is the first point of contact for guests, managers in this area must have strong customer service skills and can provide a welcoming and efficient experience for guests. The front office is responsible for guest satisfaction and coordinates with other departments of the hotel for smooth functioning.
  2. Food and Beverage Service:

    This includes managing the restaurant, bar, and room service operations. It includes menu planning, kitchen management, and staff training. This department plays a vital role in delivering accurate food and beverage service by placing orders from hot or cold plates in the kitchen to the guest table in a proper hospitality manner. Managers in this area should have a strong understanding of food and beverage trends as well as experience managing a busy restaurant or bar.
  3. Housekeeping:

    This includes managing the cleaning, laundry, and maintenance of the hotel's guest rooms and public areas. Housekeeping closely coordinates with the front office and the maintenance department of the hotel for the cleaning and sale of guestrooms, as well as all kinds of repair and maintenance work. Managers in this area should have experience managing a team of housekeeping staff and be familiar with the latest cleaning techniques and technologies.
  4. Sales and Marketing:

    This includes promoting the hotel and its services to potential guests as well as developing and implementing marketing strategies to increase occupancy and revenue. They are responsible for implementing marketing strategies as well as building relationships with travel agencies and tour operators. Managers in this area should have a strong understanding of the tourism industry, as well as experience in sales and marketing.
  5. Human Resource Management:

    This includes recruiting, training, and managing hotel staff. This department also has an agreement with the employee in terms of salary, wages, bonuses, and leave, as well as the rules and regulations of the hotel. Managers in this area should have experience managing a diverse team of employees and be familiar with labor laws and regulations. 
  6. Financial Management:

    This includes managing the hotel's budget, financial reporting, and accounting. Managers in this area should have experience in financial management and be familiar with accounting and budgeting. Maintenance and Engineering: This includes managing the maintenance and upkeep of the hotel's facilities and equipment. Managers in this area should have experience maintaining and repairing hotel equipment and facilities and be familiar with health and safety regulations. 
  7. Event management:

    event management has cropped up as one of the most profitable and best career opportunities and is also catching on as a bright career option. It is all about maintaining a focused and professional event for a certain target audience. It includes planning and coordinating events such as conferences, conventions, colloquia, workshops, seminars, symposiums, and so on.

Overall, hotel management professionals need to have a broad understanding of the various areas of hotel management and be able to adapt to the unique challenges and opportunities of the Nepalese market.

The Nepalese government has been investing in the tourism industry as a major economic driver. The government has implemented various initiatives to attract tourists to the country, such as the development of new infrastructure such as airports and roads, as well as the promotion of adventure tourism, eco-tourism, and cultural tourism. The government has also been investing in promoting Nepal as a tourist destination internationally. The Nepal Tourism Board, the government body responsible for promoting tourism in Nepal, has been participating in various international travel fairs and exhibitions to attract more tourists to the country. The government has also been providing financial and non-financial incentives to encourage private-sector investment in the tourism industry. For example, the government has been offering tax exemptions, subsidies, and soft loans to the hotel and tourism industries. Additionally, the government has been focusing on improving the overall tourism experience by improving the quality of services and infrastructure, such as by developing new trekking routes, promoting local festivals and culture, and promoting responsible tourism. The government has also been implementing policies to ensure the sustainable development of tourism in the country, such as promoting eco-tourism, preserving cultural heritage and biodiversity, and protecting the rights of local communities.

Sun, 29 Jan 2023 19:49:31 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Big Mart Franchise in Nepal Big Mart is a Nepalese retail chain that currently operates 70 stores in the Kathmandu Valley. Big Mart Franchise is a popular chain of supermarkets in Nepal, known for its wide range of products and competitive pricing. The company was founded in the early 2000s and has since grown to become one of the largest retailers in the country. It is a supermarket chain in India that started offering grocery home delivery services. Big Mart offers more than 22,000 products from more than 1200 different brands.

One of the key factors that set Big Mart Franchises apart from other supermarkets in Nepal is its focus on offering high-quality products at affordable prices. The company sources its products from both local and international suppliers, ensuring that customers have access to a wide variety of goods. In addition, Big Mart franchises place a strong emphasis on providing excellent customer service, with friendly and knowledgeable staff always on hand to assist shoppers.

One of the hallmarks of the Big Mart franchise is its extensive selection of fresh fruits and vegetables. The company works closely with local farmers to ensure that customers have access to the freshest produce possible. In addition, Big Mart Frenchies offers a wide range of meat and seafood products, as well as a variety of dairy products and baked goods. The store also carries a wide selection of household items, including cleaning supplies, personal care products, and electronics.

The Big Mart franchise also has a strong commitment to sustainability and social responsibility. The company works to minimize its environmental impact by implementing energy-efficient practices and reducing waste. Additionally, the Big Mart franchise is involved in several social initiatives, such as supporting local schools and community organizations.

The company is also known for its loyalty program, where customers can earn points for every purchase they make. These points can then be used to redeem rewards such as discounts and free products. This program helps to create a sense of community among shoppers as well as encourage repeat business.

Why do people love Big Mart?

·         100 % quality product

·         Organic foods are available

·         Easy online payment facility

·         People can get all branded products under one roof.

·         Ease of browsing

About Big Mart App:

As the Big Mart retail chain burgeoned and developed, they wanted a better means of communication with their customers. Big Mart approached their customer with the idea of a mobile app to help them bridge the communication gap. The app allows their customers to browse products, find stores, track their purchase details and bill, look for validations and deals, and also allows druggies to do a store pick-up of their order, reducing the shopping and checkout times vastly.

Overall, Big Mart Franchises is a highly respected and well-liked supermarket chain in Nepal, known for its wide range of products, competitive pricing, and commitment to customer service and sustainability. The company's focus on providing high-quality goods and supporting the local community has helped it become one of the most successful retailers in the country.

Thu, 26 Jan 2023 20:50:36 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Nepal Business Learning And Challenges Nepal is a rapidly developing country with a large population of entrepreneurs seeking to make their mark in the world. With various challenges, from policies to infrastructure, entrepreneurship in Nepal can be daunting. However, with the right knowledge and support, entrepreneurs can make their dreams of success a reality.

Here are some of the best business ideas to start in Nepal:

  1. Online business

The internet and related technologies have made doing business online more effective and easy. These businesses only offer introductory computer systems and software. Nonetheless, they are entrepreneurs who are ostensibly good at ghost-writing, freelancing, and restatement services, all possible businesses online.

  1. Digital Marketing

Digital marketing is Nepal's most popular business, bringing many opportunities. Digital marketing in Nepal can be learned on your own or through a training center. However, it is tough to find a digital marketing program in Nepal.

  1. Blogs

Nowadays, blogging has become a profitable business opportunity, even though it was originally intended for informational and recreational purposes. Blogging can lead to significant earnings over the course of time.

  1. Travel Agency

Since many people from different countries come to Nepal to visit, having a travel agency can be beneficial for both profit-making and helping tourists. A travel agency can be managed by obtaining a few certifications and a beautiful office in a prime location.

  1. Drop shopping

Drop shopping is an exciting and innovative e-commerce business idea that can be started without a large investment or product inventory. Facebook, Instagram, and other social media can help promote the website. In this case, people place an order with the supplier and ask for delivery to their address.


There are many more opportunities to start a business in Nepal, but they come with some challenges. Here we are going to discuss some of the challenges:

The first challenge for any entrepreneur in Nepal understands the country’s policies and regulations. From taxes and labor laws to intellectual property laws, several laws and regulations must be adhered to, and understanding them is essential for success. This challenge can be overcome by researching the laws, obtaining legal advice, and networking with other entrepreneurs.

Next, entrepreneurs in Nepal must also understand the infrastructure and resources available to them. Access to finance, internet connections, and skilled labor can all be difficult to come by, and entrepreneurs must be creative and resourceful to find the best solutions. This can be achieved through research, networking, and exploring alternate solutions.

Another challenge is high incorporation fees. According to the World Bank, these fees account for more than 10 percent of Nepal's per-capital income. According to the World Bank, the total cost of company registration is NPR, 780. The data obtained from the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) shows that gross domestic savings (GDS) per capita in Nepal are about NPR 15510. These numbers show that an entrepreneur has to save for 14 months just to register a new company.

The entrepreneurs aren't suitable to prepare memoranda and articles of association (MOA and AOA) without professional help. Indeed, though the formats of the MOA and AOA are available and handed out by the government, entrepreneurs cannot use them themselves without any professional help from attorneys. Entrepreneurs find it difficult to avoid mistakes while preparing these documents themselves. It costs NPR 10,000 and takes 5 days to process these documents, which is a significant amount of time and money. Hence the preparation of memoranda and articles of association has also become a challenge for Nepalese businesses.

Nepal's market is small and limited. There is no access to all parts of the country. Because a small volume of goods is being produced for a small market, the product cost rises, causing the price of the goods to rise as well. Nepalese industries can't compete with Chinese and Indian goods because they enter Nepal at a lower price. This has also shrunk the market for Nepalese industries. The small market is also challenging for Nepalese businesses.

Finally, entrepreneurs must also be aware of the cultural context in which they are operating. Nepal is a deeply traditional country, and it is important to understand the values, beliefs, and behaviors of the people to create products and services that will resonate with them. This can be done through research, market analysis, and by engaging with local communities.

Overall, entrepreneurship in Nepal is a challenging but rewarding endeavor. By understanding the policies, resources, and cultural context, entrepreneurs can increase their chances of success and make their dreams a reality.

Mon, 16 Jan 2023 20:01:21 +0545 Alisha Dahal
How Nepal can benefit from the tourism industry No one has ever been to heaven, but if you want to know what heaven is like, you must visit Nepal at least once. In Nepal, we have the lofty Himalayas. These mountains are full of fine scenery. There are many beautiful spots in the mountains. The snow-capped peaks, the green forests, the rushing torrents, the deep gorges, the roaring falls, the tranquil lakes, the fine flora and fauna, the antique and artistic temples, the exciting trekking routes, the art, and the culture of Nepal attract many people from different parts of the world. Every year, thousands of foreign tourists come to our country. Tourism has become Nepal's largest economic sector, which creates jobs, drives exports, and generates prosperity across the world. According to Lonely Planet, Kathmandu is the 5th top travel destination, while has ranked Kathmandu 19th out of the 25 best tourist destinations in the world for the year 2019. This survey reveals that many places in Nepal could fascinate tourists from around the world.

Tourism has become one of the main income sources in Nepal. Foreign currency is the most valuable thing that can be obtained from the tourism industry. The tourists who come to our country exchange foreign currency. According to the economic survey for 2020/21, the foreign exchange earnings of this sector were Rs. 24,95,59,00,000 in 2020. Foreign currency is useful to us for the purchase of foreign goods. Tourists buy some goods and interesting and native articles in our country, which can help producers earn money. Another sector where tourism is beneficial is the hotel industry. Most tourists prefer to stay in well-appointed, luxury hotels with excellent service. Some good, five-star hotels have been built in Kathmandu to accommodate foreign tourists.

The exchange of culture, norms and values between different societies is only possible through tourism. We can see many people in the Kathmandu valley and other parts of the country speaking a little bit of English, though they are illiterate and uneducated and are guiding foreign visitors. Those who interact with tourists lose their prejudices and develop a more open mind. They become cosmopolitan in their manners and can easily mix with the people of other countries. People's attitudes and lifestyles can have an impact on tourism. As there is a lot of superstition in Nepali society, tourism helps to bring about changes in superstitions and traditional thinking.

As we all know, Nepal is the world's smallest country, which makes it difficult to locate on a map. Tourists help acquaint their countrymen with our country. If we treat our tourists well and provide them with the best facilities and services, they'll talk about it when they return to their country. Tourism also helps to popularize Nepalese art, skills, cultural beauty, and the hospitality of Nepalese people around the world. That's how tourism helps to publicize our country in different parts of the world. What we can't tell about our country spending a lot of money on publicity, we can do with the help of tourists. That's why the tourism industry is very beneficial for Nepal.

Even though most tourists come from modern cultures and societies, they prefer handcrafted goods over machine-made goods. That's why the tourism industry plays a vital role in the development of handicraft industries. Different types of handicrafts, such as idols, Nepali caps, woolen carpets, and paper products representing Nepalese art and culture, are motivated to be produced in different parts of the country.

Tourists love to visit rural areas rather than cities because most of the tourist destinations are located in remote areas. As the tourists enjoy the sylvan beauty, sightseeing, and trekking in the rural areas, the government is forced to develop transportation and communication facilities. Without proper transportation facilities, tourists are unable to reach their destinations. Hence, expansion and development of the tourism industry develop rural infrastructure like roads, electricity, communication, and so on.

As the tourism industry needs different types of highly skilled manpower to provide different services to tourists, it generates employment opportunities. As tourism industries expand, there is a need to produce a large number of human resources. That's how tourism helps to generate employment, both directly and indirectly, for people in different tourism-related activities such as hotels, travel agencies, mountaineering businesses, rafting, etc.

The Nepal government had announced "Visit Nepal 2020" to promote the country's tourism industry, but due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it was postponed. Due to COVID, the number of tourist arrivals in 2020 (excluding Indian tourists) was 2,30,085—an 81% decrease from 2019. In 2021, the number of foreign tourist arrivals further dropped by 34.4 percent to slightly over 150,000 as compared to 2020. According to the tourism board, a total of 5,46,216 tourists have visited Nepal in the recent eleven months (January–November) of 2022.

Tourists from every part of the world are free to visit Nepal. We should attract more and more tourists so that the economy of our country will rise. The government should develop transportation and communication facilities as well as tourism infrastructure such as hotels, travel agencies, trekking agents, and so on. The government should provide security measures in tourist destination areas so that tourists can feel free to stay where they are. The provision of adequate trained manpower is essential for the development of tourism in Nepal. The provision of adequate recreational arrangements should be made in each tourist destination area.

In recent years, there has been exponential growth in the number of travel agencies, tour guides, tour operators, rafting agencies, trekking agencies, and so on. Up to mid-March 2021, the number of registered travel agencies reached 3743, and trekking agencies had 2797. There were 142 star-rated hotels and 1293 tourist-rated hotels until mid-March 2021. 

Sat, 31 Dec 2022 21:07:56 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Major imported and exported commodities from Nepal Major commodities that are being exported from Nepal:


Year 2021/22 (in millions)

Share in total exports (in percentage)

Soyabean oil




Palm oil




Woollen carpet




Polyster yarn + thread




Jute goods








Readymade garments








Oil cakes












Zinc sheet




















Medicine (Ayurvedic)




Silverware and jewelleries




Handicraft goods and other handicrafts



Shoes and sandles




Major commodities that are being imported to Nepal:


Year 2021/22 (Rs. In millions)

Share in total imports(in % )

Petroleum products




Transport equipment, vehicle and other vehicle spare parts



Other machinery and parts








Crude soyabean oil




Telecommunication equipments and parts




M.S billet
















Crude palm oil




Hot rolled sheet incoil




Electrical equipments




Readymade garments








Ferrous products obtained by direct reduction of iron (Sponge iron)







Chemical fertilizer




Electrical goods




Computer and parts




Mon, 26 Dec 2022 19:31:50 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Private Companies in Nepal & A Guide to the Business and Industry of Nepal&apos;s Economy Even though Nepal is an agricultural country and the country is highly dependent on agriculture, some private and government countries play a vital role in economic growth. Despite being an agricultural country, Nepal imports agricultural goods from India, China, and other countries. Production must be increased for economic development, which is why many in the private and public sectors are assisting Nepal in increasing exports and decreasing imports.

In this article, we are going to discuss some of the private companies that are continuously providing Nepal with basic needs, goods, and services. A private company is owned and run by an individual, a group, a non-governmental organization, or a large group of people. Profit motives and profit maximization drive private companies. In private companies, public shares are not opened as the company does not offer its stocks for sale to the general public. Either an individual starts with a small start-up or investment or by taking out a loan. The government does not interfere with private companies. The companies follow basic government rules and regulations and pay taxes annually as per the structure.

Here in this article, we are going to discuss the best top 5 private companies in Nepal:

1.       Chaudhary Group (CG):

The well-known Chaudhary Group is one of Nepal's most prominent business corporations. The beginnings of CG were made by Mr. Bhurmulla Chaudhary in 1934 after an earthquake hit Nepal. After the death of Bhurmulla Chaudhary, his business was handled by his son, Lankaran Das Chaudhary. He expanded his father's business, and the expansion of CG also began. Binod Chaudhary is the current chairman and majority shareholder of the Chaudhary Group. Today, Chaudhary Group is mostly famous for the "Wai Wai" noodle, which is also exported to many countries.

Divisions of the Chaudhary Group:

    ·         CG|Foods

    ·         CG|Finco

    ·         CG|Hotels & Resorts

    ·         CG|Education

    ·         CG|Electronics

    ·         CG|Infra

    ·         CG|Realty

    ·         CG|Telecom

    ·         CG|Brewery

    ·         CG|Beverage

    ·         CG|Tobacco

    ·         CG|Packaging

    ·         Chaudhry Foundation

2.       Khetan Group:

Purna Mal Bihari Lal Khetan founded the organization. Kheten Group is a prominent business in Nepal. The father of Purnam Mal used to supply rice and salt to the Nepali soldier during the war between Nepal and Tibet (1855–56); that’s how the groundwork of the company begins. Then the company started to import garment products in 1910. Since then, Khetan Group has been involved in various ventures and services, striving confidently for consistent and stable growth. At present, Rajendra Kheten leads the company and acts as chairman for Laxmi Bank and Prime Life Insurance and as president for the Nepal-Britain Chamber of Commerce and Industries and Everest Insurance.

Companies managed by Khetan Group:

·         Gorkha Brewery Pvt. Ltd.

·         Himalayan Snacks and Noodles

·         Bottlers Nepal

·         Laxmi Bank

·         Himalayan Bank

·         Laxmi Microfinance

·         Everest Insurance Company

·         Prime Life Insurance

·         Mutual Trading Company

·         Himalayan Agriculture Pvt. Ltd.

·         Laxmi Corp

3.       Vaidya's organization of industries and trading houses (VOITH):

The founder of VOITH is Vijaya Gajananda Vaidya, who invested 700 USD in the establishment of the United Traders Syndicate (UTS), which became the sole distributor of Toyota Motors in Nepal. Back then, Agni, the subsidiary company of Vaidya’s organizations, was the authorized distributor of Mahindra vehicles in Nepal. The company, which was established in 1967, is handled by Mr. Suraj Vaidya. Mr. Suraj is the president of the VOITH as well as the president of the Federation of the Nepal Chamber of Commerce and Industries (FNCCI). Besides automobiles, the company has expanded into agro-processing, tea, construction, feed production, insurance, animal husbandry, and technical education.

Companies managed by VOITH:

·         United Traders Syndicate (UTS) Pvt Ltd.

·         Subirasa Incorporated Pvt Ltd.

·         Suzuki Incorporated Pvt Ltd.

·         Vijaya Motors Pvt Ltd. and

·         Agni Incorporated Pvt Ltd.

·         Garance Tea Estate Pvt Ltd.

·         Mai-Ilam Guranse Tea Industries Pvt Ltd. and

·         Nirvana Tea Processing and Packaging Pvt Ltd.

·         Agri Breeders Pvt Ltd. 

·         Nepal Well hope Agri-Tech Pvt Ltd.

·         Nepal Singha Construction Pvt Ltd.

·         Neko Alliance

·         Tawache Brick and Tile Industry

·         Vijaya Academy of Health and Science for education.

4.       Dugar Group:

Mr. Chandan Mal Dugar founded the Dugar Group when he began trading fabrics at a Biratnagar haat bazaar. Then after him, his son expanded his business by expanding it with agricultural products. The four sons of Mr. Chandan took the business to another level by expanding it with jute exports, rice mills, steel, and many more. Dugar business is divided into four groups, each handled by one of the Dugar brothers: TM Dugar, HC Dugar, KL Dugar, and MV Dugar Group. The distributor of automobiles like Mahindra, Piaggio, Royal Enfield, and John Deere is also Dugar Group. Dugar Group also expanded its branches in the hydropower, construction, and finance sectors. It supplies Frooty, Appy, food grains, edible oil, and herbal extractions to Nepal's food and beverage sector. Nepali brands like Dhara Oil, Meizan Swastik Oil, and Gyan Rice are produced by the KL Dugar Group. The name KL Dugar Group has become one of the most trusted and respected brands in Nepali households because of consumers’ faith in their quality products for two decades.

5.       Golchha Group:

Golchha was founded in 1934 by Ram Lal Ji Golchha and has become one of the biggest business houses in Nepal. Mr. Ram Lal ji established the Golchha Group, which paved the way for the country's industrialization. At present, the Golchha family governs more than 100 companies. Golchha Group has played a vital role in adding value to the economy of Nepal. The Golchha group is involved in numerous companies in terms of management and investment, including Jute, Steel, Electronics, Metal, Food Grains, and so on. Besides industrial establishments, the organization is involved in international trade and the service sector.

List of companies managed by Golchha Organization:

·         Hulas Steel and Wire Industries

·         Hulas Metal Crafts

·         Him Electronics

·         Bhudeo Food and Snacks Industries

·         Hidesh Daal Udhyog

·         Dhiraj Chamal Udhyog

·         Sriram Sugar

·         Eastern Sugar

·         Raghupati Jute Mill

·         Hansraj Hulaschand and Co

·         GO Automobiles 

·         Hulas Motors

·         Hulas Investment 

·         Hester Bio-Sciences

·         Neoteric Nepal

·         Shangrila Spirits 

·         Shangrila Housing

Other private and government companies are playing an important role in the sector of industrialization. If we ask most teenage people what they want to be when they grow up, most of them will reply "businessman," so this is just the beginning of the industrial era of Nepal. As many young people are starting to blossom, they will probably introduce Nepal to the world as an industrial country and not just an agricultural one.

Sat, 17 Dec 2022 22:03:40 +0545 Alisha Dahal
The Essential Guide To Share Market What is the share market?

The stock market, equity market, or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers of shares that represent ownership in businesses. These include securities listed on a public stock exchange as well as stock that is only traded privately. Similarly, shares of private companies are sold to investors or the public through equity funding platforms, which are either issued or traded. A stock market is similar to a share market. The key difference is that a stock market helps you trade financial instruments like bonds, mutual funds, and derivatives as well as shares of companies. A stock exchange, on the other hand, only allows for the trading of shares. Investments are usually made with an investment strategy in mind, where people study the stock market and invest their money wisely.

The stock exchange's basic platform provides the facilities used to trade company stocks and other securities. A stock may be bought or sold only if it is listed on an exchange. Thus, it is the meeting place for stock buyers and sellers.

Types of share market

There are two types of share markets as follows:

1. Primary market:

This is a market where a company gets registered to issue a certain amount of shares and raise money from the public for any purpose or project. This is also called getting listed on a stock exchange. A company enters primary markets to raise capital. If the company sells shares for the first time, it is called a "primary share," where the investor owns a certain amount of partnership or shares of that company or organization.

2. Secondary Market:

When the new shares and securities of a company are sold to investors or the public, these shares are traded in the secondary market. This is an opportunity for investors to exit an investment and sell their shares to another investor, Secondary market transactions refer to trades where one investor buys shares from another investor at the current market price or at whatever price the two parties agree. Normally, investors conduct such transactions using a third party (intermediary) such as a broker, who carries out the process. Different brokers offer different plans as per their knowledge and understanding.

Why to invest in share market?

We invest in the stock market to increase our wealth or to improve our economic situation over time. While some people believe that shares are a risky investment, many studies have proven that putting your money in the right shares for a long period of time (five to ten years) can provide a better return or profit and also be a better investment option than real estate or gold. People also have short-term strategies while investing in share markets. While shares can be volatile over a short period of time, investing in the right ones can help traders make quick profits.

How to invest in a share market?

First, you need to open a trading account and a Demat account in any bank to invest in the stock market. This trading and demat account will be linked to your savings account to make smooth transfers of money and shares. We can see the condition of the stock market and options for applying for shares through the app "MERO SHARE" and the official website (NEPSE). Then, after viewing different projects, we can identify the best option to invest in and apply for an IPO.

Things to know before buying a stock:

1.       Time horizon:

When you're going to buy a share, first you have to know about the time horizon, as it plays a vital role in deciding whether to buy that stock or not. The time horizon can be short-term, middle-term, or long-term; it depends on your financial goals.

2.       Investing Strategy:

Studying various investing strategies before buying shares is another key thing to do. After you study, you can choose the one that suits your investing style. Value investing, growth investing, and income investing are the key types of strategies used by successful investors.

3.       Past performance of the company:

If you're going to invest money in any company, it is essential to know how the company performed during the past few years. What was the company's position during the economic crisis? The income statement and cash flow statement with profit should be analyzed carefully.

4.       Fraud and scam cases:

It is very important to study whether the company in which you're going to invest has ever been fined or punished by the judiciary or a regulatory body. Has the company ever been the subject of major rumors? Those little things make a significant impact on your investment.

5.       Revenue growth:

As everyone invests their money in the stock market to earn more, before buying a stock, investors should look at companies that are growing.

Function and purpose

The stock market is one of the most important ways for companies to raise money, along with the debt markets. This allows businesses to be publicly traded and raise additional financial capital for expansion by selling shares of ownership in the company in a public market. Liquidity allows investors and holders to quickly and easily sell shares and securities. This is the best feature of investing in stocks, compared to other less liquid investments such as property and other fixed assets.

The Nepal Stock Exchange (NEPSE) is the only stock exchange in Nepal. The market capitalization of the NEPSE companies in May 2022 was approximately Rs 344,357 crore (US$ 26 billion). 


Nepal Government (58.66%)

Nepal Rastra Bank (14.60%)

Employees Provident Fund (10%)

Other shareholders (16.74%)

The objective of NEPSE:

 The basic objective of NEPSE is to provide free marketability and liquidity to government and corporate securities by facilitating transactions on its trading platform through market intermediaries such as brokers, market makers, etc. NEPSE opened its trading platform on January 13, 1994. As of November 2022, 190 companies are listed on the stock exchange, which includes commercial banks, hydro-power companies, insurance companies, finance companies, and many more. The exchange has had 97 registered brokers before.

Nepal's stock market is the best and most active platform for opportunities for young investors and others. This is an easy and appropriate way of trading where people can learn much more about the stock market and trade digitally without spending specific time on it. People can carry their own personal and other work through it and invest wisely in the stock market for better profit. It has been more popular among youth as it is a great opportunity to invest and learn more from an early age and also gain some earnings through it.

Sat, 03 Dec 2022 18:17:05 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Politics of Nepal & Understanding the Government, Constitution, and Political Parties of this Democratic Nation A country can change for a variety of reasons. Every little thing and every big thing are directly and indirectly interrelated. But all these things come down to one point: politics. Politics is the foundation of national change, growth, and development. Politics is the foundation for running and developing a country. Politics is considered a popular practice of democracy. If politics is done in the right way, positive effects can be seen in individuals, society, countries, and globally. The policy of correct practice is presented as an example and adopted in other countries. Nepal's politics are governed by a parliamentary republic with a multiparty system. Executive power is controlled or exercised by the prime minister and their cabinet. Meanwhile, legislative power is authorized by the parliament.

Political parties involve:

1.       Legislature structure:

The legislature is the lawmaking branch of government and is responsible for making proper laws and regulations within the country. The legislators are elected by the people.

There are two levels of legislature

         i.     House of Representatives

          The house of representatives is one of the houses of the federal parliament of Nepal. Members of the House of Representatives are elected through a voting system for a term of five years. The number of members in the House of Representatives is 275. Where 165 are elected through the first-past-the-post system and the rest, 110, are by proportional representation. The election for members of the House of Representatives is currently taking place in 2022.

         ii.       National Assembly

           The National Assembly is Nepal's upper house of the federal parliament. The national assembly has 59 members in total. Whereas 56 members are elected through an indirect single transferable vote, and the remaining three are appointed by the president.

2.       Judiciary

It is the branch of government that provides justice to the people and makes the right decisions. The Constitution provides three levels of courts, which include the Supreme Court, the High Court, and the District Courts.

   i.    Supreme court:

The Supreme Court is considered the guardian of the Constitution, which is responsible for the protection of human rights. It has the power to hear appeals against the final decisions of the Court of Appeals and is empowered to review its own judgments.

         ii.    High court:

There are seven high courts in total, each with 18 branches. This court can initiate proceedings and impose punishment according to federal laws for contempt or obstruction of itself and its subordinate courts in the administration of justice.

        iii.    District court:

It is located in each province, as the name suggests. Judges of this court are appointed by the chief justice on the recommendation of the judicial council. District courts are responsible for all civil and criminal cases.

Levels of government:

     1.       Federal government:

The federal government has the authority to control the whole country. Federal government responsibilities include foreign affairs, social security, industrial relations, trade, immigration, currency, defense, internal security, and peace policy.

     2.       Provincial government:

Only one province is under the control of the provincial government. Provincial governments are responsible for social services like education, health, and social development as well as economic functions like agriculture, roads, transportation, and so on.

     3.       Local government:

Local government has the authority to control the particular village council or municipality or metropolis or sub metropolis.

Current political situation:

Youths in politics:

Nepal's political situation has been volatile for decades, causing ups and downs in all aspects of the country's development. Moreover, it is leading to backwardness and high dependence on other countries for many reasons. From my perspective, a politician's sincerity and good leadership lead the country down a good path for the betterment of the nation. It is only slightly visible among the old leaders. Before the age criteria, the greatest barrier to the involvement of youth in politics was their lack of interest in politics. Currently, the interest and participation among youths for the sake of political stability with new ideas, points of view, and positive attitudes are slightly increasing day by day. Many young people are gradually taking up positions at the state and local levels. I believe that young people have clearer minds and better intentions than older leaders. They can probably drive the country to a better destination because they have knowledge in many sectors and are more capable, leaving all the bad work, such as corruption, insincerity, and selfishness, to themselves. Despite taking a stand and taking a step for the country, many young people have established and proper careers. For example, Balen Shah, a versatile rapper, and architect-engineer took a strong stance for the Kathmandu district and was elected mayor of Kathmandu Metropolitan City, where he is doing outstanding work in a short period. Furthermore, if every young gun acts, even if only on a local level, youths can gradually make a significant impact in their country. I think that politics is a hypothetical game between people and their thoughts. It is also the collaboration of leaders and citizens. We make the mistake of electing an undeserving candidate and then try to blame all of the negative consequences on leaders or the nation. It is also our vital responsibility to choose wise leaders, just as people chose Balen-Shah. Likewise, the great journalist of all time, Rabi Lamichane, is taking a step into town politics in his hometown of Chitwan and has also done much good work for social welfare. We would hope to see more of his work in the coming years. Binod Chaudhary, the one and only billionaire, has also been seen displaying humility and gratitude for needy people and society. He is also a central member of the Nepali Congress and is going to be the candidate for a member of the House of Representatives from Nawalparasi. A person of such high status and fulfillment is here for the sole purpose of social welfare and the betterment of the country. Young leaders are also proving the people's hopes that they granted previously wrong, which is causing concern throughout the country. Every mother hopes that the young generation will be the great soldier to bring the beautiful sunrise, spreading the rays of positivity, development, a positive attitude, and opportunities that the older generations could not grasp.

There are many concepts in politics, and there are many principles. It is not that every theory is perfect in itself, but political beliefs are followed by minimizing all the problems. In Nepal, communal socialism has been adopted. Until recently, Nepal's politics seemed to be stuck in the management establishment. If we evaluate the decade from 2000 to 40 and 50 to 60, it seems that it was used for the establishment of democracy and republicanism. Half a century has passed in the conflict and movement between the regimes. After that, it took a decade to institutionalize the democracy-republic and make it stable. Still, we have difficulty achieving political stability. By evaluating the political environment of Nepal, it can be seen that the politics of selfishness and nepotism are harmful to the growth and development of the country. The results of the recent federal and provincial elections have led to anger toward old politics and the search for change. It will take a long time for change to come, but people are now aware that change is possible in our time. 

Thu, 24 Nov 2022 21:52:18 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Understanding the Education System of Nepal & Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Vocational/Technical Education The "education system" refers to the group of institutions that aim to educate children and young people in educational fields. Before Nepal was known as a "democracy country," there was no access to formal education for the general public. Durbar High School, founded in 1853 by Jung Bahadur Rana, was Nepal's first formal school. When comparing Nepal's education system at the turn of the twentieth century to the twenty-first century, we can see that it has made significant strides on its own. Till 2016, there were 35,222 public and private schools and more than 1,400 colleges all over Nepal. According to data, the literacy rate of Nepal is 67.91% as of 2018, an 8.28% increase from 2011. All the educational activities are regulated by the Ministry of Education in Nepal, which is headed by the Secretary of Education and consists of a central national office and other offices at the regional and district levels. Nepal's education system includes primary school through university.

Education level of Nepal:

Primary level:

The primary level of education is the first formal level of education, and the basic level of education comes after preschool, which forms the bedrock of development. Primary education normally starts between the ages of 5 and 8. The primary level of education includes classes from grades 1–5.

Upper primary level:

Upper primary education consists of classes from grades 6–8. A basic level examination (BLE) is given in grade eight.

Secondary level:

The Secondary Education Exam (SEE), also known as the School Leaving Certificate (SLC), is conducted in grade 10. This includes classes 9 and 10 and follows a common academic curriculum leading to a school leaving certificate.

Higher secondary :

Since 1982, Nepal has had a higher secondary school education system. Students in grades 11 and 12 are included in this level of education. You have the right to choose the subject in which you excel and are interested. 

University level:

University education leads successfully to the degrees of bachelor, master, and Ph.D. Nepalese universities provide a standard level of education and can cater to students at an international standard. There are 16 universities in Nepal, among which Tribhuvan University is ranked as the world's largest university with the highest number of students (460632).

The merits of education are many in today's world. A person with a higher rate of degree completion and level of education is more respected in society and is more forward in all aspects of life. 

Some of the improvements that occur due to education in Nepali society are:

Women empowerment:

Education provides everyone with a sense of empowerment. A well-educated woman has better decision-making skills and is more likely to make her own choices. As a woman is considered a strong pillar in a house, if she is educated, then the whole family will be educated by themselves. Education empowers women to achieve their goals and careers. And it also empowers women with the knowledge, skills, and values they need to build to make their world better.

Poverty reduction:

Lack of proper education is regarded as a major root cause of poverty. If the person is educated, he or she is more likely to get a job. As education opens the door to jobs, resources, and skills that help people not only survive but also thrive, a well-educated person has a higher income and more opportunities in their life.

Healthier lifestyle:

People with a higher level of education have a one-third lower risk of heart disease, according to numerous research studies, because they are aware that smoking is harmful to them and avoid it, and they exercise on a regular basis, which also helps them get fit. 

Pursuing passion:

When a person becomes passionate about something, they want to immerse themselves in that topic. And education provides the space to do so. Education provides people with the confidence to go out into the world and make something of themselves.

Employment opportunity:

A well-educated person gains knowledge, skills, and experience that will benefit them in both their professional and personal lives. No one is going to put an uneducated person to work in the company. Education is something that no one can ever take away from you, which is why if you are educated, you don’t have to go to sleep without having eaten in any part of the world.

Economic growth:

When the overall country is educated, productivity increases, per capita income increases, and unemployment decreases, which leads to economic growth. People with higher educational attainment have a higher participation rate and are in the workforce for a longer period of time.

Reduces gender-based discrimination:

Gender discrimination only occurs if there are illiterate and uneducated people in society because educated people always support gender equality and make efforts to stop and prevent gender-based violence. That’s why education is important to avoid such discrimination.

Even though education causes many changes in Nepalese people, our education system is not good; it is only adequate. Our country's education is mostly focused on theoretical knowledge; they only go for book knowledge, and nothing practical is done. That’s why many children are not able to focus on their studies, and their families and teachers will be continuously forcing them to study harder because of that. Many children are also suffering from depression and anxiety nowadays. There is no use of knowledge if we can't use it practically. Students who only have theoretical and book knowledge are unable to apply their studies in their daily lives, making poor decisions and becoming frustrated. There are lots of things that need to be taught in school that will be useful for children in their future and in their life, and education should prepare us for the real world.

Even though Nepal's education system is improving by the day, there is a necessity for proper guidance and interference in the way schools teach. As the system is unstable, there should be proper leaders for the fix and tight policies for education enhancements. Instead of the same old, theoretical study, schools should implement novel teaching techniques. Different campaigns and programs should be launched weekly or monthly to discuss the major problems being faced by students and the best solutions for them. Students should be engaged in more creative activities and given fewer burdens from teachers, what with assignments and all. In this way, the education system of Nepal will take on a new face in the future if proper plans and regulations are executed.

Sun, 20 Nov 2022 21:19:31 +0545 Alisha Dahal
The Essential Guide to Affiliate Marketing

Today, affiliate marketing has become so common among many people. At the same time, it becomes quite tough because everyone is aware of affiliate marketing as a passive income. After COVID, most people are found to be fond of social media and due to this, affiliate marketing becomes one of the best ways to earn money while staying inside the house and using social media. Not only the normal people with some capacity but also the large companies in Nepal like Daraz, Thulo, Sasto a Deal, Gyapu, etc. have also provided affiliate programs in Nepal.

About Affiliate Marketing:

Affiliate marketing is the process of promoting other people's and companies products and services in exchange for a commission on every sale made through the affiliate link. It is a business where the merchant or product owner uses third parties to advertise their product and pays them on a commission basis. Influencers play a vital role in the process of affiliate marketing, as they have an audience that they can influence and attract to the product.

Parties involved while doing affiliate marketing:

The Merchant:

The merchants are also known as the "creators," as they create and own the product. They're the ones who want to sell their products through affiliates or promoters. They are also called retailers, vendors, brands, and so on. The merchant could be a single person or the company as a whole.

The Affiliate:

They are the publisher who has the power to influence clients to buy goods and services. They promote and advertise the products through various mediums like blogs, websites, etc. Today, large numbers of people are involved in affiliate marketing because it’s the platform from which people can earn substantial income more easily and quickly. In the world and Nepal also, many affiliates are earning good money.

The Customer:

They are the ones who buy the goods and services promoted by the affiliate. They are also known as the ultimate source of revenue and the basis of all marketing. These people buy goods from affiliates based on their reviews. These people play a vital role in this market because without customers, neither merchants nor affiliates can sell their products or earn income.

Types of Affiliate Marketing:

Unattached affiliate marketing:

In this case, the affiliate has no connection to the goods or products they are promoting and advertising. It is the least involved form of affiliate marketing. In this way, affiliates put links in front of someone via Google Ad words, Facebook ads, and other social media in the hope that a customer will click on the link and buy the product, and affiliates can earn a commission.

Related affiliate marketing:

As the name suggests, related affiliate marketing involves the advertisement of goods and services by an affiliate with some type of relationship to the offering.

Involved affiliate marketing:

This kind of marketing involves a deeper connection between the affiliate and the goods and services they're promoting. In this case, the affiliate has already used the product, and they can share their experience with it with others. Their experiences are advertisements and can be trusted sources of information.

How to Do Affiliate Marketing in Nepal?   

Step 1: Find the best Platform:

If someone is trying to engage in affiliate marketing, then they must choose one or more platforms from which they can pull customers to buy the products. Without being engaged on the best platform, affiliate marketing will not be worthwhile. Websites are the oldest and most effective way to perform affiliate marketing; however, TikTok, Facebook, etc. can also be suitable platforms to perform affiliate marketing. Some of the best platforms where you can start affiliate marketing include:

·         YouTube

·         Instagram

·         Telegram

·         Tiktok

·         Website and so on.

Step 2: Select Niche:

A niche is a topic or category about which you are willing to develop content. After selecting a platform, one should start sharing content on it. The content should be one in which most people have an interest. There are different types of niches; some examples are:

·         Tutorial blogs

·         Photography

·         Technology

·         Finance

·         Entertainment and so on.

Step 3: Join Affiliate programs and champing:

After choosing a niche, you have to include details about the product and an affiliate link in your article. Without joining an affiliate program, finding a product is impossible.

The following are some well-known affiliate networks in Nepal:

·         Daraz

·         Sasto deal

·         Clothing Nepal

·         Gyapu

·         Satthi Mart

·         Durbar Mart

·         Satthi mart

Some international Affiliate Networks include:

·         Amazon Associates

·         Hostinger

·         Flipkart Affiliate

·         Grammarly

·         CJAffiliates

·         Shareasale Affiliate

·         Commission Junction

Step 4: Distribute the affiliate link:

The last and final procedure is to include an affiliate link on the chosen product on the best platform. Since everyone uses social media nowadays, we can give affiliate links on Instagram, Facebook posts, Twitter, WhatsApp groups, Facebook pages, and many more social media platforms.

Most successful Affiliates in Nepal                          

There are lots of affiliate networks and markets in Nepal, but only a few have been totally successful. Among them, Daraz, HamroBazar, and SastoDeal are pioneers here.

Is affiliate marketing worth it in Nepal?

Yes, affiliate marketing is the best way to earn passive income while sitting at home without doing any physical work. People can earn a maximum amount of money and have a good lifestyle through affiliate marketing, so it is worthwhile in Nepal.

Tue, 08 Nov 2022 16:10:52 +0545 Alisha Dahal
The peasants of Nepal

Nepal is a small country with an area of 1,471,181 sq. km. Economically, Nepal is the least developed country in the world and agriculture is the main occupation. Agriculture forms the principal occupation of the people of Nepal. Agriculture's contribution to GDP was 26.21 percent in the fiscal year 2019/20. A large majority of the people of our country are peasants. The peasants mostly live in the village area. They are found on the hills, in the valleys, and on the plains. Though Nepal is a small country, the peasants of Nepal differ from region to region.

The peasants of Nepal are mostly poor. They live in small houses or huts. They eat poor food and wear ragged clothes. Most of them are illiterate. They are too preoccupied with their work to notice what is going on in the world. They live in unclean surroundings. They're ignorant of hygiene and sanitation. That’s why they suffer from diseases. They are so poor that they can't send their children to school.

Most of the peasants have small plots of land. The produce of the land is hardly sufficient to maintain themselves and their families. Some peasants have no land of their own; they own less than one hectare of land, and their income is insufficient even to meet their basic needs. Most of them cannot get two meals a day. They have hardly any subsidiary occupations. They remain idle in the off-season. They cultivate the land of others, and they are poorer than landed peasants. 

The peasants are very busy during the working season. They work in the fields from morning to night. They are helped by their wives and children. They work with spades and hoes. The peasants of the plains plow their fields with the help of oxen, while those of the hills and the valleys generally dig their fields with spades. The peasants keep animals like cows, oxen, goats, and sheep. These animals help them in their work and they are a source of small income as they also provide them with milk.

The peasants generally follow the traditional methods of cultivation. The product of their land is not high. They do not use good seeds and fertilizers. They do not have irrigation facilities. They cannot sell their product at a profitable rate. They have to market their goods in their localities, and they are hard hit by the scarcity of roads.

Nepalese peasants are facing different types of problems, the problems prevail in the Nepalese peasants are:

Traditional technique:

Nepalese peasants are highly dependent on traditional techniques. Due to a lack of education and widespread poverty, Nepalese farmers are unable to increase production and productivity. They are either ignorant or unable to use modern tools and techniques as well as improved seeds, fertilizers, insecticides, etc.

Inadequate irrigation facilities:

Irrigation is the lifeblood of peasants, but the irrigation facilities are not adequate in Nepal. Peasants are highly dependent on the monsoon for irrigation. Irrigation is available on only 55.8 percent of cultivated land. Productivity can't be increased without an adequate irrigation facility. Similarly, improved manure and modern technology cannot be effective without the availability of adequate irrigation.

Lack of agricultural credit :

In Nepal, about 18.7 percent of the people are below the poverty line and most of them are peasants. They are unable to invest more capital in farming. They need adequate credit facilities to make investments in agriculture. Institutional credit facilities are very limited in Nepal, and those that are available are also out of reach for poor farmers for a variety of reasons, including security concerns and lengthy formalities.

Lack of marketing facilities :

There is no organized agricultural marketing system in Nepal. Due to the absence of transportation facilities, rural areas lack marketing facilities. The peasants are forced to sell their products cheaply to local traders. That’s why peasants are discouraged from investing and producing more.

Defective land tenure system:

There is dual ownership of land in Nepal. Tenants cultivate the land, and more benefit goes to the land owner's hand without any labor or physical work. In practice, the rent charged by the landowner exceeds 50% of the amount specified by law. Because of that, peasants have no enthusiasm to increase productivity.

Existence of middleman:

Most of the peasants sell their products in the local market due to the unavailability of marketing facilities and storage facilities. The products are passed through the middleman to the ultimate consumers. Peasants have no bargaining skills or power. Price determination and the flow of products are dependent on middlemen. So, the consumers have to pay a high price, and the producers do not get a reasonable price.

Lack of storage facility:

Nepalese peasants have no storage facility for their products. So they are compelled to sell their products at a low price during the harvesting season. They are unable to store their product to sell at a time when demand and prices are high.

The peasants of Nepal require a great deal of help to improve their condition. The land reform act has improved their condition to some extent. The agricultural bank is helping them with loans. The department of agriculture is helping them with seeds and fertilizers. The government is diverting its attention to the assistance of the peasants; the peasants still require a lot of help and guidance. Everyone should try to help them.

Mon, 31 Oct 2022 20:55:08 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Tihar Festival: A Glowing Celebration of Culture Nepal is the only country in the world that has a large number of cultures, languages, traditions, and religions. That’s why Nepal is known as a multi-cultural, multi-religious, and multi-ethnic country. Nepal is also known as the "Garden of Different Flowers". Many ethnic groups like Newar, Brahmin, Chhetri, Rai, Magar, Gurung, Limbu and many more live here. Each group has its specific language, culture, and traditions. People observe various festivals and practices according to their religion and community. Nepal has many festivals, each having its own specific beliefs and identity. And one of the major festivals in Nepal is Tihar, also known as Deepawali. Tihar is regarded as the second major festival in Nepal after Dashain. Not only in Nepal, but Tihar is also celebrated in Indian states. Tihar is also known as the Festival of Lights. Tihar is celebrated in the month of Kartik (October to November). Tihar comes at the end of the autumn season; the autumn season is the season of harvest. Thus, the festival is observed in the season when people can spend. The festival continues for five days. That’s why it is also known as Panchak.

The first day of Tihar is the day when people worship crows, "the messengers of death". On the second day, people honor dogs as "the guardians of the god of death". The crow and dogs are regarded as the envoys of Yama, "the god of death". The third day is to worship cows as well as Laxmi, the goddess of wealth and luck. The fourth day is for the draught animal, oxen, while the Newari community also performs Mha Puja dedicated to themselves. And the last day is the most important day for brother and sister, and the day is known as "Bhai Tika", where sisters put tika on their brothers’ foreheads and give blessings.

Day 1: Kaag Tihar (Crow Festival)

The first day of the Tihar festival is called Kaag Tihar (crow day). The crow is worshipped on this day. People consider the crow as the "messenger of death". People cannot worship the crow because it is a cunning bird and no one can catch it. So, people leave some food for the crows at a certain place. The crow comes and eats the food. It is believed that if you don’t make crows happy, they will bring some bad news, and bad things will happen in the coming year.

Day 2: Kukur Tihar (Dog Festival)

The second day of the festival is Kukur Tihar (Dog Day). The dog is worshipped on this day. Some people worship their own dogs and those who don’t have their own worship street dogs. People put a tika on the dog's forehead and a garland around the dog's neck and feed the dog. On this day, Nepalese present beautiful garlands to the patrol dog and paint their foreheads in red cinnabar to thank the dogs for their contributions to social security. Kukur Tihar is also known as "Chicha Puja", and is celebrated by the Newar community.

Day 3: Laxmi Puja (Honouring the goddess of wealth)

The third day of Tihar is called Laxmi Puja. On this day, the goddess Laxmi is worshipped. Laxmi is the goddess of fortune. In the morning, people worship the cow. The cow is regarded as the incarnation of the goddess Laxmi. While worshipping the goddess Laxmi, people pray to be blessed by Laxmi with wealth. People keep their houses and surroundings clean because it is believed that Laxmi does not enter an unclean house. Many women keep fast on this day and make 'Selroti' offers to the goddess. At night, numerous candles and festive lanterns will be lit up for the Goddess of Laxmi, and people will keep the lights burning for the whole night. Almost all the houses, buildings, and temples are graced by these rows of lights. In the evening, girls go around the neighborhood, singing, and dancing in a tradition called "Bhailo". In exchange for the entertainment they provide, they are given small amounts of money and food.

Day 4: Gobardhan Puja

The fourth day of the festival is known as Gobardhan Puja. The ox is worshipped on this day. This festival is also known as Mha Puja among the Newari community, where people worship themselves for good health and prosperity. This day is also the new year of Nepal Sambat. At night, a group of boys goes around the neighborhood to play Deusi. They go around the community, sharing the money they have received from their neighbors and dividing the fund among themselves.

Day 5: Bhai Tika (Brother's Festival)

The fifth and last day of Tihar is Bhai Tika (Brother's Day). On this day, sisters worship their brothers and give them presents, especially sweets and fruits, generally called "Bhai Masala". Sisters put "Tika" on their brothers' foreheads and garland them with flowers of "Sayapatri" and "Makhmali". This ritual is done to wish for the long life and protection of the brothers. On this day, sisters create a protective barrier of holy water and blessed oil around their brothers. Brothers also put 'Tika' on their sisters' foreheads and give money and gifts in return for the respect bestowed upon them. Flowers, fruits, and sweets are in great demand on this occasion.

Tue, 25 Oct 2022 15:29:26 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Top Tourist Attractions In Nepal Even though Nepal has low economic conditions and is known as a developing country, traveling in Nepal is so much more fun than in other countries. Tourism is playing a great role in supporting the economy of the country. Nepal is a beautiful and popular tourist destination because of its rich biodiversity and abundance of natural phenomena. The greatest peaks in the world in the mountain region, high hills and forest areas in the hilly region, and plains in the terai region depict the beauty of the country. Similarly, thousands of national heritage and temples from the ancestors' times now flourish in a country's culture and spread throughout the world. Tourists are attracted by the mesmerizing features of the country, and tourism is contributing a lot to the economy daily. Tourism is a huge sector where many sections lie, and for the development of tourism, many sectors such as transportation, communication, food, lodging, etc. should be well managed for the better comfort of tourists. For that, the government should implement different terms and policies regarding it and focus on developing this sector. Even though the public also plays an essential role, such as the way of treating foreign people and gestures. The way of providing the facilities and services to the tourists also determines the tourist attraction for tourism.

Here are some tourist attractions places of Nepal:


Kathmandu is the largest and capital city of Nepal, also known as the nerve center of Nepal. More than 3,059,466 people live in this valley. Many historical places are located in the Kathmandu Valley. That's why Kathmandu is known as the "City of Temples. The Kathmandu valley is full of art, architecture, and culture, which are the major attractions for tourists. The Swayambhunath stupa, Boudha stupa, Pashupatinath temple, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Hanuman dhoka, Narayanhiti palace, Patan, and Chandragiri hills are the major historical places of Kathmandu. The main attractions in this valley are Thamel, the Garden of Dreams, Asan, Kopan Monastery, and so on.


Pokhara, the capital city of the Gandaki province and also known as the City of Phewa Lake, is the gateway to the Himalayas and the starting point for treks to Jomsom and the Annapurna region. Pokhara is also known as the City of Lakes, with a spectacular snowy view and is surrounded by greenery. Pokhara is the most popular tourist destination and is famous for trekking, boating, hiking, rafting, bungee jumping, and many more activities. Pokhara is one of Nepal's most scenic cities. Pokhara is all about natural, cultural, and geographical landmarks. Phewa Lake, Devi's fall, Begnas Lake, Bindhyabasini temple, Mahendra cave, Tal Barahi, Rupa Taal, International Mountain Museum, Gupteshwor Mahadev Cave, Chamero Gufa, Seti River Gorge, Gorka Memorial Museum, Matepani Gumba, World Peace Pagoda, and numerous caves are the major attractions of Pokhara. The best time to visit Pokhara is from September to November, as this is the peak tourist season.


The meaning Chitwan refers to the heart of the jungle. The Chitwan forests were settled by leopards and Bengal tigers. Since then, the area has been known as Chitwan. The main attraction in Chitwan is the Chitwan National Safari Park. Elephant bathing is a popular activity in Chitwan National Park and lots of people do so. Bike hire is also super cheap in Chitwan and is a fun activity and one of the best things to do in Chitwan. Bharatpur, Narayangadh, Tandi, Parsa, and Sauraha are the major places in Chitwan. Because of the clear sky and warm temperatures, October to March is the best time to visit Chitwan. And the best time to see animals in Chitwan National Park would be around January to March.


Mustang is one of the largest and most beautiful districts in Nepal. Mustang is also known as the second least populated district in Nepal. Tourists are attracted to Mustang for the trekking purposes of its amazing topography and mountain sightseeing. Mustang is rich in vegetation with a range of rhododendron plantations and apple fields and is strong in Buddhist culture. Mustang is famous for its Newari and Thakali food and also for local wines, apples, Tibetan bread, KKhapse, Marpha, dried food beers, and so on. The Mustang is home to the Annapurna Base Camp, Muktinath Temple, the Gandaki River, Jomsom, Kagbeni, Lo Manthang, and several other major attractions. The best time to visit Mustang is from June to September.


Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, is famous as the religious centre of Hindus and Buddhists of the world and is located in the Rupandehi district. UNESCO listed Lumbini as a world heritage site in 1997 AD. Lumbini is the most popular pilgrimage and tourist attraction in Nepal. Lumbini is under the care of the Lumbini Development Trust, which manages the site. Lumbini's major attractions are Mayadevi Pond, Ashoka Piller, Mayadevi Temple, World Peace Pagoda, Lumbini Monastic Site, Kapilvastu, and others.

Trekking in the Annapurna Region:

One of the most popular trekking regions in Nepal is the Annapurna region. Trekking in the Annapurna Region is still a dream for many trekkers around the world as it is full of adventures that give the best view of the peak or base camp. The Annapurna Region offers many treks. Beginners can enjoy the Annapurna Panorama Trek Package as any age group can trek, while the main attraction of this package is Poon Hill. From Poon Hill, which is popular for sunrise views of the Annapurna Range and Dhaulagiri Mountain, we could explore a 360° view. Expert trekkers can also participate in Annapurna Base Camp Trek, but every trek in the Annapurna and Everest Region requires a specialist guide who can guide you on accommodation, itinerary, routes, maps, and other details.

Trekking in the Everest base camp:

The Everest Region is the most popular trekking destination worldwide as it has the highest mountain, Mt. Everest, and other peaks ranging from 7,000m to 8,000m. The Everest Region also offers 10+ treks, while for beginners, 1-day helicopter treks are suggested as we can enjoy the view and there is no risk of elevation either. Some trekkers also suggest the 16-day Classic Trek via Jiri, as trekkers will be aware of accommodation, elevation, and more. It is also the busiest trekking region, with at least 200+ trekkers daily. People prefer Everest Base Camp Trek in this region and can also go to Sagarmatha Nation Park for refreshments. Many companies in Thamel run Trek Planning Agencies for foreigners.


Sat, 22 Oct 2022 17:49:04 +0545 Alisha Dahal
Stacks of lakes in Nepal Nepal is home to probably the most astonishing and beautiful lakes on the planet. Most are frigid, taken care of by high-height lakes, arranged at a height of north of 4000 meters. Highlighted here are seven astounding lakes that you ought to think about visiting on your next excursion to Nepal or while travelling in Nepal. Some are wealthy, the most common way to go; others are all the more effectively open, so there will be a lake experience here to suit your arrangements.

There are several lakes and tanks of frozen and structural origin in Nepal. Mountain lakes like Rara, Phoksundo, Phewa, and so forth are glorious in degree and excellence. Rara, in the Mugu area of western Nepal, is the country's biggest lake. Phewa at Pokhara is another similarly renowned lake. Phoksundo in Dolpa District is another massive lake, but it is less well-known than Phewa Lake due to its difficult methodology.

Some major lakes of Nepal:

Rara Lake:

 Rara (locally known as Mahendra Daha )is the deepest lake in Nepal and lies at an altitude of 2990 meters above sea level, covering an area of 10.8km2. They are located in Jumla and Mugu districts. The scene of Rara becomes attractive when it blends with the shadow of the Sinje and Kanjirowa mountains. Rara is quickly becoming a popular destination for visitors from all over the world, with the number of tourists visiting Rara Lake increasing at an alarming rate. The color of the Rara Lake changes three times a day; it seems to be blue, brown, purple, and crimson the best times to visit the Rara Lake are September/October and April to May.

Phewa Lake:

Phewa Lake is regarded as the largest lake in the Pokhara valley and the second-largest lake in Nepal. It is a socially, economically, culturally, and ritually important place. Boating and paragliding are the major attractions of Phewa Lake. Boating in the crystal clear water of Phewa Lake enhances the experience, and many paragliding flights take off from the lake's shore. The casting of a great reflection on the Machhapuchhre Himal’s surface is the other attraction of this lake. Phewa Lake is also famous for various dishes of fish that are found in lakes.

Begnas Lake:

Begnas Lake is considered the third-largest lake in Nepal and the second-largest in the Pokhara Valley. Since the lake is quite away from the city area, this lake is regarded as the best tourist attraction in western Nepal. The main attractions of this place are water sports, typical Nepali western culture, and freshwater boating. The focal point of this lake is the shadow of the surrounding hills on the crystal clear water, which adds to the charm of this lake.

Shey Phoksundo Lake:

Shey Phoksundo is located in the Dolpa district at an elevation of 3,611.5m above sea level. The maximum depth of Shey Phoksundo is 145m. Shey Phoksundo is known for its elegant turquoise color. Annually, hundreds of pilgrims visit Shey Phoksundo lake to take a bath in the holy water of this lake. Because of the favorable temperature and weather, the months of March to May and September to November are suitable times to visit this lake.

Tilicho Lake:

Tilicho Lake is the highest lake in the world, located in the Manang district at an altitude of 4,919m. It is a renowned tourist destination and is very famous for hiking. Tilicho is a glacial lake that lies in the Annapurna range of the Himalayas. Snowy white peaks such as Khangsar, Nilgiri, Muktinath, and Tilicho peak surround the lake area, adding more beauty to this lake.

Gosaikunda Lake:

Gosaikunda is a beautiful lake located in the Rasuwa district inside the Langtang National Park, at an altitude of 4,380 m. This lake is taken as the origin of the Trishuli River. Rafting is the major attraction of this lake. This lake carries the most beautiful and religious values in Nepal. It is said that the origin of Gosaikunda is related to the Hindu scriptures such as Bhagwat Purana, Vishnu Purana, and the great epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata. Since Gosaikunda offers the visitor an opportunity to explore the holy land, it makes every traveler forget their pains and sorrows. The best times to visit this lake are from February to May and late September to December.

Gokyo Lake:

Gokyo Lake lies in Sagarmatha National Park at an elevation of 4700–5000m above sea level. It consists of 19 lakes; Gokyo Lakes are taken as oligotrophic lakes. Gokyo lakes are located in the Khumjung Village of Solukhumbu District. The major lake of the Gokyo Lakes is Gokyo Cho, with an area of 42.9 hectares. Thonak Lake is the largest, with an area of 65.07 hectares. Gyazumpa Cho consists of 29 hectares, whereas Tanjung Cho consists of 16.95 hectares and Ngojumba Cho has an area of 14.39 hectares. From there, visitors can see four of the world's four massive Himalayan ranges at over 8000 meters. According to Hindu mythology, Gokyo Lake is the home of Nag Devata (the Snake God).

Panch Pokhari :

Panch Pokhari is the ninth highest-altitude wetland in the world, with an elevation of 4100m above sea level, and is located at Sindhupalchowk. The lake is a combination of five sacred ponds; that's why it is known as panch pokhari (five ponds). This lake is famous for both Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimages in Nepal.  On the occasion of the Janai Purnima festival, this lake becomes the holy destination for Hindu pilgrims. Stunning mountain ranges like the Langtang range, Jugal Himal, Rolwaling Himal, and many more snow-capped ranges are offered by Pancha Pokhari.

Above them are some of the beautiful lakes of Nepal that are popular and have their own qualities. Nepal is the second-most extravagant nation in terms of water assets. The frigid stream and the liquefying of the snow on the mountain tops give way to ravishing streams, lakes, and different water-bodies-production Nepal, a heavenly objective that is home to the grounds of numerous sapphire Himalayan beverages of water concealed on mountain precipices.

Large numbers of ponds in Nepal hold strict and conventional importance and have guests and explorers visiting them from everywhere in the world. The cerulean ponds of Nepal are the country's jewels, adding to the beauty of the overall scene.

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 21:47:41 +0545 Alisha Dahal
The Himalayas