Exploring the Enchanting Beauty of Bhojpur District in Nepal

Discover the cultural richness and natural beauty of Bhojpur, Nepal, from hidden gems like Salpa Pokhari to immersive Rai culture. Experience the heart of Nepal in this off-the-beaten-path destination.

Exploring the Enchanting Beauty of Bhojpur District in Nepal
Bhojpur District of Nepal


Nestled in the eastern reaches of Nepal, Bhojpur District, located in Province No. 1, stands as a testament to the country's rich cultural diversity and natural splendor. This article delves into the heart of Bhojpur, uncovering its historical significance, cultural treasures, and breathtaking landscapes.

Origin and Significance:

Bhojpur District, sprawling over 1,507 km², boasts a population of 182,459 as of 2011. Its administrative hub, Bhojpur town, holds a unique charm that draws both locals and adventurers seeking an off-the-beaten-path experience. But, how did Bhojpur get its name?

Unraveling the Name:

Legend has it that after a victorious battle, Prithvi Narayan Shah, the founder of modern Nepal, threw a grand celebration in this region. The words "Bhoj" and "Pur" in Bhojpur are believed to signify "party" and "buried" respectively. The story goes that after the celebration, the Nepali armies buried the excess food, giving birth to the name Bhojpur.

Population Distribution in Bhojpur District

S.N  Populations  2,01,018
1  Male  97,762
2  Female  1,05,256 
3  Population growth rate  0.32%
4  Population / sq. km  135
5  Average Family Population  5.14
6  Male female ratio  89.3

Source: Census 2011, CBS, NPC, GON

Population Distribution by Caste in Bhojpur District:

The below table shows that Kirat Rai occupies a larger share of the total population of the district which is followed by Chhetri, Brahmin, Newar, and Magar respectively.

S.N Caste Number Percent
1  Kirat Rai  69,244  34.11
2  Chhetri  41,535  20.46
3  Tamang  17,246  8.5
4  Newar  16,819  8.28
5  Brahmin  16,037  7.90
6  Kami  10,242  5.04
7  Magar  8,556  4.21
8  Bhujel  2,889  1.42 
9  Damai  5,196  2.56
0  Sanayashi  2,269  1.12
11  Sharki   4,245  2.09
12  Gurung  1,735  0.85
13  Sherpa  3,290  1.62
14  Others  3,714  1.84
Total  203,018  100

Source: District Development Plan, 2011

Geographic Diversity:

Bhojpur's topography is nothing short of diverse, ranging from the lowest point in Hasanpur at 153 meters above sea level to the towering heights of Silichung at 4,153 meters. This diverse landscape forms the backdrop for an array of climatic zones:

Climatic Zones:

  1. Lower Tropical
  2. Upper Tropical
  3. Subtropical
  4. Temperate
  5. Subalpine

Must-Visit Destinations:

Bhojpur stands as a haven for trekkers and culture enthusiasts alike. Let's explore some of its most captivating destinations.

  1. Salpa Pokhari: A High-altitude Gem:

    Salpa Pokhari, situated at an elevation of 4000 meters, stands out as Bhojpur's crown jewel. Surrounded by verdant hills and rocky mountains, this breathtaking lake offers a tranquil setting and reflections of Silichung Dada.
  2. Khoksik Village: A Glimpse into Rai Culture:

    Khoksik, a picturesque village in the southwest, captivates visitors with its traditional stone-soil houses and Rai community's devotion to their culture, festivals, and language.
  3. Tyamke Dada: Heights of Natural Beauty:

    Tyamke Dada, one of Bhojpur's highest peaks, invites adventure seekers. The hour-long trek to the summit unveils panoramic views of hills and valleys, complemented by a mystical temple constructed from furniture and stone.
  4. Bhojpur Bazaar: Cultural Hub:

    Bhojpur Bazaar, a melting pot of Rai, Newari, Chhetries, and Brahmins, offers an ethnic tapestry. The renowned Siddhakali Temple and the popularity of Khukuri knives add cultural depth to this bustling city.
  5. Silichung Dada: Majestic Rocky Heights:

    Silichung Dada, a rocky mountain near Salpa Pokhari, presents a few hours of awe-inspiring trekking. The panoramic views of summits and hills make it a favorite among nature enthusiasts.
  6. Kawa Khola: Serenity by the River:

    Kawa Khola, one of Bhojpur's prominent rivers, weaves around green hills, providing a constant supply of clean water. The river's majesty is complemented by swimming and fishing activities and a sturdy bridge for easy crossings.
  7. Siddhakali Temple: A Spiritual Retreat:

    Siddhakali Temple, located in Bhojpur's administrative center, attracts worshippers during festivals. The temple's serene atmosphere and views of the surrounding mountains make it an ideal spot for spiritual reflection.
  8. Naagchhanga: Artistry in Waterfalls:

    Naagchhanga, a 300-meter tall waterfall between Baikunthey and Katunje villages, stands out with its serpentine rock adorned with artful depictions of snakes.
  9. Ghoretar Bazaar: The Heart of Local Commerce:

    Ghoretar Bazaar, a well-established market to the south, offers a glimpse into local life. Its small yet charming square, accessible by ascending a flight of stairs, provides a stunning vantage point for the entire bazaar and spectacular sunrises.

Beyond the Tourist Hotspots:

Bhojpur's allure extends beyond popular destinations. Let's explore some lesser-known gems that add depth to the district's cultural and historical tapestry.

  1. Ramprasadrai Rural Municipality: A Tribute to a Warrior:

    Named after the late democratic warrior Ram Prasad Rai, this municipality in the southwest is steeped in history. Temples like Singheswari add a spiritual touch, while traditional houses showcase the architectural heritage.
  2. Purne Bazaar: A Cold-Weather Haven:

    Perched atop a hill, Purne Bazaar promises cold weather and a unique shopping experience. Frequented by locals every Saturday, this market is a testament to the district's vibrant community life.
  3. Bayang Bazaar: A Hub for Services:

    Bayang Bazaar, located in Province No. 1, offers essential services like transportation and lodging. With temperate weather and a stunning view of mountains, it serves as a gateway to the region.
  4. Falamdhunga: A Tranquil Haven:

    Situated near Ghoretar Bazaar, Falamdhunga is a serene spot accessible by minibusses. With its peaceful surroundings, it provides a perfect retreat for those seeking tranquility.


Bhojpur District, with its diverse landscapes and rich cultural heritage, unfolds as a tapestry of experiences waiting to be explored. From high-altitude lakes to cultural hubs, this region invites travelers to immerse themselves in its beauty, uncovering the stories etched in its hills and valleys. Whether you seek adventure or serenity, Bhojpur promises an unforgettable journey through the heart of Nepal.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

  1. How did Bhojpur get its name?

    Legend has it that after a victorious battle, Prithvi Narayan Shah threw a grand celebration, burying excess food, giving birth to the name Bhojpur.
  2. What are the climatic zones in Bhojpur?

    Bhojpur experiences lower tropical, upper tropical, subtropical, temperate, and subalpine climatic zones.
  3. What is the significance of Salpa Pokhari?

    Salpa Pokhari, at an altitude of 4000 meters, is a crown jewel offering a tranquil setting, surrounded by hills and rocky mountains.
  4. Are there adventure trekking options in Bhojpur?

    Yes, Tyamke Dada, one of the highest peaks, invites adventure seekers with panoramic views and a mystical temple.
  5. What cultural diversity can be experienced in Bhojpur Bazaar?

    Bhojpur Bazaar is a melting pot of Rai, Newari, Chhetries, and Brahmins, offering an ethnic tapestry.
  6. How can visitors experience the serenity of Kawa Khola?

    Kawa Khola, a prominent river, provides a constant supply of clean water, ideal for swimming and fishing activities.
  7. What is the historical significance of Ramprasadrai Rural Municipality?

    Named after the late democratic warrior Ram Prasad Rai, this municipality in the southwest is known for its historic temples and traditional houses.
  8. Are there lesser-known spots in Bhojpur to explore?

    Yes, Falamdhunga, near Ghoretar Bazaar, is a tranquil spot accessible by minibusses, offering a perfect retreat for those seeking peace.
  9. How is Purne Bazaar unique?

    Purne Bazaar, perched atop a hill, offers a unique shopping experience and attracts locals every Saturday.
  10. What services does Bayang Bazaar provide?

    Bayang Bazaar, in Province No. 1, offers essential services like transportation and lodging and serves as a gateway to the region.